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Joost TV - sabon kallon talabijin na Intanet

Akwai lokacin da kake son raba wa mai karatu ba kawai wani bita ko nazari na kasuwa ba, har ma da wani abu daban. A taƙaice, don yin magana game da abubuwan da ke da dangantaka ta musamman da batun rukunin yanar gizon ko kuma ba su da alaƙa da shi kwata-kwata. Har ila yau, sha'awar gaya, raba tunanin mutum yana da girma wanda ba za a iya watsi da shi ba.

A saboda wannan dalili, muna ƙirƙirar ƙaramin sashin “Shafin Edita”, wanda a cikinsa za mu ba ku ra'ayoyinmu game da batutuwa daban-daban, abubuwan lura, magana game da abubuwan da ke ba mu sha'awa. Makin naku ne.

Skype Phenomenon - "Duniya duka na iya magana kyauta"

A kowace masana'antu, a kowace kasuwanci, a koyaushe akwai shugabanni, na waje da ƙwararrun manoma na tsakiya. Doka ce mai sauƙi: wanda ya fi kowa aiki ko kuma ya yi nasara, sauran suna aiki azaman kama. Akwai masana'antun da babu wani fiyayyen shugaba a cikinsu. Akwai dalilai da yawa na wannan yanayin: gasa mai girma, wanda ba ya ba da damar wani ya yi fice a sahun gaba, dangin matasan kasuwa na bangaren kasuwa ko rashin kasancewar kamfanoni masu karfi da mutane a ciki.

Har zuwa kwanan nan, ana iya ganin irin wannan yanayin a cikin kasuwar wayar tarho ta IP, wanda ya ci gaba a hankali kuma a hankali. Mahalarta kasuwar sun nutsu, kowa ya gamsu da yadda al’amura ke gudana. Canje-canje masu ma'ana sun fara ne tare da isowar mutane biyu masu tsattsauran ra'ayi da ƴan kasuwa a wannan kasuwa - Niklas Zennstrom (Niklas Zennstrom) da Janus Friis (Janus Friis), waɗanda suka bambanta kansu a baya ta ɗayan shahararrun abokan ciniki da abin kunya don yin aiki tare da abokan gaba. -tsararrun hanyoyin sadarwa (P2P) - KaZaA. An karɓi sanarwar sabon aikin su, abokin ciniki don yin kira ta Intanet ta amfani da fasahar P2P - Skype - an karɓi saƙon. A cikin 'yan watannin farko, babu wanda ya ɗauki shirin mai sauƙi a lokacin da mahimmanci.

A yau, aikin Skype shine jagoran da ba a jayayya a kasuwar sabis na wayar tarho na Intanet kuma a hankali ya fara korar manyan masu aiki a wannan sashin. Tunanin yiwuwar yin kira kyauta tsakanin masu amfani da Skype ya girma zuwa ayyuka da dama dangane da ka'idar P2P da ƙarin kayayyaki da aka gina a cikin Skype. Adadin masu amfani da wannan shirin ya dade ya wuce maki miliyan 195, kuma adadin mutanen da suke "online" ba kasafai suke faduwa kasa da maki miliyan 8 ba. Ga mutane da yawa, wannan abokin ciniki ya dade kuma ya sami nasarar maye gurbin ICQ, kuma a yau sababbin masu amfani suna zuwa Skype ba kawai saboda dacewa ba, amma kuma, ban tsoro don tunani, kawai saboda yana da gaye. Daga sauƙaƙan abokin ciniki don sadarwa, shirin ya girma cikin shekaru da yawa zuwa ga al'ada a Turai da Amurka kuma yana samun nasarar samun nasara a wasu ƙasashe, ciki har da Rasha.

Bayan yin "Skype" ya shahara, masu kirkiro sun sayar da shi akan dalar Amurka biliyan 2.5 kuma suka fara wani sabon aiki.

aikin Venetian

A matakin ci gaba, an sanya sunan shirin "The Venice Project", sunan hukuma shine "Joost". Gwajin shirin yana faruwa a bayan ƙofofin da aka rufe, amma kusan kowa na iya shiga cikinsa. Don yin wannan, kuna buƙatar karɓar gayyata (gayyata) kuma zazzage sigar beta na shirin. Wahala kawai ita ce mahalarta gwajin beta ne ke ba da gayyata, kuma yana da wahala a same su a bayyane a Intanet. Wannan yanayin ne ya sa ya yiwu a jawo hankalin farko ga aikin. Masu amfani sun koyi cewa akwai sabon sabis na TV na Intanet akan hanyar sadarwar, kuma nan da nan suka fuskanci gaskiyar cewa ba zai yiwu a san shi ba nan da nan. An fara neman mutanen da suka riga sun shiga gwaji, wasiku da neman aika gayyata. Sha'awar ganin "menene?" ya karfafa irin wannan binciken. Tsarin gayyata yana ba wa shirin kyakkyawar fahimta, kowane sabon ɗan takarar da ya sami gayyata da aka daɗe ana jira yana jin kamar wanda zai shiga cikin rufaffiyar gwaji.

Tsarin yin amfani da gayyata ("gayyata", ɗayan shahararrun rubutun kalmomin a cikin Runet) ya tabbata kuma abin dogaro ne. Ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun misalan ingantaccen amfani da wannan tsarin shine sabis na saƙon Gmail daga Google. Da farko, zaɓaɓɓun masu amfani kawai waɗanda suka karɓi gayyata daga wasu membobin sabis ɗin zasu iya karɓar adireshin imel a cikin yankin @gmail.com. Wannan yana daya daga cikin dalilan da suka sa Gmel ya zama mafi shaharar sabis na imel a duniya a yau.

A sakamakon haka, za mu iya cewa motsi tare da gayyata ya tafi aikin Joost na musamman don fa'ida. Ana kiran gwajin beta da kanta don haka bisa ga ka'ida, babu wasu buƙatu na wajibi ga masu amfani a wannan matakin. Kuna da 'yanci don amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin shirin ba tare da damu ba don ba da rahoto ga masu haɓakawa.

Jost makanikai - "yaya yake aiki"?

A takaice, Joost shiri ne na kallon fina-finai, bidiyo da tashoshi na TV daban-daban akan kwamfuta ta sirri. Ko Intanet TV.

Har ila yau, aikace-aikacen ya dogara ne akan ka'idar hanyar sadarwa ta P2P (tsara zuwa tsara) da ake amfani da ita a cikin Skype da Kazaa. Ana karɓar bayanai daga arewa ta masu amfani waɗanda suka buƙace su da farko, sannan bayanan suna wucewa daga mai amfani zuwa wani. Amfanin wannan hanyar ita ce, yanayin lokacin da sabobin ya yi yawa ba zai yiwu ba.

A yau, aikin yana kan matakin gwajin beta kuma ya zuwa yanzu yana da kusan tashoshi 25 kawai. Kuma a nan an fara jin daɗi. Joost ba talabijin ba ne a ma'anar ma'anar kalmar, ba za ku iya samun tashoshi daga ma'aunin da aka saita a nan ba.

Da farko kuna buƙatar samun gayyata, wanda na kwatanta a sama. A cikin wasiƙar gayyata, za ku sami hanyar haɗi zuwa shafin yanar gizon inda za ku iya yin rajista, ta haka za ku zama sabon ɗan takarar gwaji. Mataki na gaba shine zazzage wannan shirin zuwa kwamfutarka (girman abokin ciniki ya kai MB 10). Bayan shigar da aikace-aikacen akan kwamfutarka kuma shigar da bayanan asusun da kuka karɓa a matakin rajista a rukunin yanar gizon, za a kai ku zuwa Joost.

Ba ma'ana ba ne a kwatanta mahallin shirin, kowane mutum yana da nasa ra'ayi na dacewa. Zan iya faɗi kawai cewa ƙungiyar duk menus da saituna suna da sauƙin gaske kuma an tsara su don mai amfani wanda bai shirya kashe lokaci don nazarin menu na taimako ba da zurfafa cikin saitunan mafi kyawun aikace-aikacen. A cikin fasahar fasaha, ba komai ya kasance mai santsi ba tukuna, amma yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa aikin ya fi mayar da hankali kan kasashen da damar Intanet mai sauri ya zama al'ada. Matsakaicin abin da ake buƙata don saurin tashar shine 1 Mbps, da kyau 2 ko fiye Mbps. Tare da saurin tashar Intanet na ƙasa da 1 Mbps, shirin bai ma da ma'ana don shigarwa ba. Ingancin hoton ya bambanta dangane da tashar da aka zaɓa, daga matsakaici (kayan aikin fasaha, rarrabuwar hoto zuwa murabba'ai) zuwa mai kyau (hoton bayyananne a yanayin cikakken allo).

A ra'ayinsa, Joost ya fi kama da ayyukan YouTube ko Google Video, tare da bambancin cewa abokin ciniki baya cikin taga mai bincike, amma ana shigar dashi akan kwamfuta. Babban ra'ayin shi ne cewa abubuwan da ke cikin kowane tashoshi tsari ne na bidiyo ko gajeren jerin. Idan tashar kiɗa ce, to, za a sami tattaunawa, wasu sassa na kide-kide kai tsaye ko shirye-shiryen bidiyo a ciki. Idan tashar ta shafi yanayi ne, to za ta ƙunshi gajerun shirye-shirye ko zane-zane. Daga dukkan jerin tashoshin Tsaftataccen Ruwa Spigot tashoshi, na so 'yan kaɗan ne kawai, gami da tashoshi game da wasannin kwamfuta da na'ura wasan bidiyo, inda aka gabatar da sake dubawa game da sake dubawa, sigogin wasan daban-daban, da sauransu. Bari mu kasance masu gaskiya, a matakin gwaji, Joost ba ya haskakawa tare da watsa iri-iri.

A cikin sigar ƙarshe ta Joost, jerin tashoshin da ake da su za a faɗaɗa sosai. Ana iya faɗi wannan da tabbaci, yana mai da hankali kan bayanan, bisa ga abin da aikin ya riga ya sanya hannu kan kwangila tare da manyan ɗakunan studio da hukumomin talabijin da yawa. Kamfanin, ta ƙira, dole ne ya aiwatar da ra'ayin da YouTube ba zai iya amfani da shi ba. Muna magana ne game da jerin shirye-shirye da shirye-shirye daban-daban waɗanda masu amfani suke aikawa akai-akai akan YouTube da makamantan ayyukan bidiyo, suna ƙetare dokar haƙƙin mallaka (a cikin Amurka da Turai, wannan yana cike da babban sakamako). A cikin wannan ma'ana, Joost shine, zuwa ɗan lokaci, misali na farko na yadda abubuwa zasu kasance. Kamfanin ya kulla kwangiloli da yawa kuma yana samun damar buga abubuwan da masu amfani da su a baya suka yi musayar su a cikin bin doka.

Akwai ɗan bege cewa Joost zai ƙunshi tashoshi cikin Rashanci. A kasarmu, akwai 'yan kaɗan masu iya amfani da shirin, saurin tashoshi na Intanet da kuma tsadar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa suna sanya iyaka. Don tunani: Joost yana samar da 300-400 MB na zirga-zirga a cikin sa'a ɗaya lokacin da yake aiki sosai (kallon watsa shirye-shirye).

Aikace-aikacen Joost ya dogara ne akan madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen Gecko (injiniya), akan tushensu ana yin irin waɗannan mashahuran ayyukan buɗe tushen kamar Mozilla Firefox browser ko abokin ciniki na imel na Mozilla Thunderbird. Dangane da dandamali iri ɗaya, Joost yana ba da fasaloli da yawa waɗanda suka zama gama gari ga duk ayyukan tushen Gecko. Wannan shine ikon yin aiki tare da add-ons (ƙari), waɗanda masu haɓakawa da masu amfani na yau da kullun za su iya ƙirƙira su. A wannan mataki, shirin yana da ƙananan ƙararrawa kaɗan kawai, waɗannan su ne agogo mafi sauƙi, mai amfani da bayanin kula, karanta ciyarwar RSS, da sauransu.

Aiki ya nuna cewa akwai mutane da yawa da suke son rubuta nasu add-on zuwa wani shiri bisa injin Gecko. Ba kwa buƙatar duba nisa ga misalai, bari mu tuna adadin add-ons na Mozilla Firefox browser yana da yau? Asusun ya riga ya shiga cikin dubbai, kuma ƙari yana ci gaba da bayyana a cikin ƙima mai ban mamaki. Don haka a wannan ma'anar, Joost bai kamata ya sami matsala ba.

Ra'ayin aikin, hangen nesa

A yau, zaku iya samun bita da ƙari da yawa akan jigon Joost akan Intanet. Wasu mutane kawai suna raba ra'ayoyinsu, wasu suna magana game da fasali, kuma akwai wadanda suke mirgine aikin a cikin kwalta (ko kuma suna tunanin suna yi), suna tunanin cewa shigar da talabijin a cikin kwamfutar mutum wani abu ne da ba shi da ma'ana. Nan da nan ina so in watsar da tatsuniya cewa Joost zai zama analogue na TV, kawai akan allon saka idanu. Wannan yayi nisa da lamarin, kuma zaka iya fahimtar dalilin da yasa, har ma daga abin da aka riga aka rubuta a sama. An saka hannun jari mai yawa ta ma'auni na albarkatun Intanet a cikin aikin, kuma zai zama abin ban mamaki a ɗauka cewa mahaliccin Joost za su bar tunaninsu kawai ba tare da tunanin makomarsa ba.

Domin fahimtar ra'ayin Joost, kuna buƙatar sake juya zuwa Skype. Abin mamaki, yawancin masu amfani da wannan shirin ba su taɓa yin amfani da ayyukan da aka biya ba. Bugu da ƙari, babu ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda ke amfani da shirin da ya ga abin ban haushi a ciki ko ma talla mafi sauƙi. Bata can kawai. Amma, duk da haka, Skype yana da mashahuri kuma mai ban sha'awa ga kamfanoni masu yawa waɗanda ke shirye su tallafa masa, zuba jari a ciki da kuma fadada shi. A yau, Skype yana kawo riba mai yawa ga masu ƙirƙira shi da kuma kamfanin mai shi.

Tunanin Joost yayi kama da Skype azaman Peas guda biyu a cikin kwasfa. Ayyukan masu ƙirƙira shine sha'awar manyan kamfanoni a cikin wannan sashin, don shigar da su cikin aikin. Joost ba yana nufin ya zama mai maye gurbin talabijin akan kwamfuta ba. Manufar aikin shine canza ra'ayin talabijin a matsayin sabis, ra'ayin shine don sa TV ta zama mai sauƙi da ban sha'awa ga kowane mai amfani. A halin yanzu, masu ƙirƙira suna tattaunawa tare da manyan kamfanoni da yawa waɗanda ke samar da tsarin kwamfuta na ƙarshen layi da cibiyoyin gida akan batun shigar da aikace-aikacen a cikin tsarin. A nan gaba, muna iya ganin Joost, mai yiwuwa ma a cikin na'urorin wasan bidiyo ko wayoyin hannu. Fadada kasancewar sabis ɗin shine babban aikinsa na nan gaba. Ga masu amfani da ƙarshe, aikin zai kasance kyauta ta asali, kodayake yana yiwuwa sabis da sabis na biyan kuɗi za su bayyana nan gaba.

Tabbas, ya yi wuri a ce Joost zai zama sananne kuma, mafi mahimmanci, nasara ta kasuwanci. Amma akwai kowane dalili na wannan, kuma alkiblar da masu yin halitta suka zaɓa ta zama gaskiya da daidaito. Misali bayyananne na waɗannan gaskiyar shine ayyukan da suka fito a kasuwar TV ta Intanet a yau, ɗan lokaci bayan sanarwar Joost. Amma a ƴan shekaru da suka wuce, mun ga irin wannan hoton a kasuwar wayar tarho ta Intanet, lokacin da aka haifi Skype.

Abubuwan gani

Zan yi ƙoƙari in haskaka manyan fa'idodi da rashin amfani da shirin da kuma ainihin ra'ayin gidan talabijin na Intanet a gare mu, masu amfani da talakawa, idan aka kwatanta da talabijin na yau da kullun. Idan kuna da ra'ayi na daban akan wannan batu, ina gayyatar ku zuwa dandalin tattaunawa don tattauna matsalar.

Joost TV - sabon kallon talabijin na Intanet

Akwai lokacin da kake son raba wa mai karatu ba kawai wani bita ko nazari na kasuwa ba, har ma da wani abu daban. A taƙaice, don yin magana game da abubuwan da ke da dangantaka ta musamman da batun rukunin yanar gizon ko kuma ba su da alaƙa da shi kwata-kwata. Har ila yau, sha'awar gaya, raba tunanin mutum yana da girma wanda ba za a iya watsi da shi ba.

A saboda wannan dalili, muna ƙirƙirar ƙaramin sashin “Shafin Edita”, wanda a cikinsa za mu ba ku ra'ayoyinmu game da batutuwa daban-daban, abubuwan lura, magana game da abubuwan da ke ba mu sha'awa. Makin naku ne.

Skype Phenomenon - "Duniya duka na iya magana kyauta"

A kowace masana'antu, a kowace kasuwanci, a koyaushe akwai shugabanni, na waje da ƙwararrun manoma na tsakiya. Doka ce mai sauƙi: waɗanda suka fi ƙwazo ko masu tayar da hankali sun yi nasara, sauran suna zama kamar masu kama. Akwai masana'antun da babu wani fiyayyen shugaba a cikinsu. Akwai dalilai da yawa na wannan yanayin: gasa mai girma, wanda ba ya ba da damar wani ya yi fice a kan gaba, 'yan uwan ​​​​matasan kasuwa na kasuwa ko rashin banal kamfanoni da mutane masu karfi a ciki.

Har zuwa kwanan nan, ana iya ganin irin wannan yanayin a cikin kasuwar wayar tarho ta IP, wanda ya ci gaba a hankali kuma a hankali. Mahalarta kasuwar sun nutsu, kowa ya gamsu da yadda al’amura ke gudana. Canje-canje masu ma'ana sun fara ne tare da isowar mutane biyu masu tsattsauran ra'ayi da ƴan kasuwa a wannan kasuwa - Niklas Zennstrom (Niklas Zennstrom) da Janus Friis (Janus Friis), waɗanda suka bambanta kansu a baya ta ɗayan shahararrun abokan ciniki da abin kunya don yin aiki tare da abokan gaba. -tsararrun hanyoyin sadarwa (P2P) - KaZaA. An karɓi sanarwar sabon aikin su, abokin ciniki don yin kira ta Intanet ta amfani da fasahar P2P - Skype - an karɓi saƙon. A cikin 'yan watannin farko, babu wanda ya ɗauki shirin mai sauƙi a lokacin da mahimmanci.

A yau, aikin Skype shine jagoran da ba a jayayya a kasuwar sabis na wayar tarho na Intanet kuma a hankali ya fara korar manyan masu aiki a wannan sashin. Tunanin yiwuwar yin kira kyauta tsakanin masu amfani da Skype ya girma zuwa ayyuka da dama dangane da ka'idar P2P da ƙarin kayayyaki da aka gina a cikin Skype. Yawan masu amfani da wannan shirin ya dade da wuce alamar miliyan 195, kuma adadin mutanen da ke "online" ba kasafai ya ragu a kasa da mashaya miliyan 8 ba. Ga mutane da yawa, wannan abokin ciniki ya dade kuma ya sami nasarar maye gurbin ICQ, kuma a yau sababbin masu amfani suna zuwa Skype ba kawai saboda dacewa ba, amma kuma, ban tsoro don tunani, kawai saboda yana da gaye. Daga sauƙaƙan abokin ciniki don sadarwa, shirin ya girma cikin shekaru da yawa zuwa ga al'ada a Turai da Amurka kuma yana samun nasarar samun nasara a wasu ƙasashe, ciki har da Rasha.

Bayan yin "Skype" ya shahara, masu kirkiro sun sayar da shi akan dalar Amurka biliyan 2.5 kuma suka fara wani sabon aiki.

aikin Venetian

A matakin ci gaba, an sanya sunan shirin "The Venice Project", sunan hukuma shine "Joost". Gwajin shirin yana faruwa a bayan ƙofofin da aka rufe, amma kusan kowa na iya shiga cikinsa. Don yin wannan, kuna buƙatar karɓar gayyata (gayyata) kuma zazzage sigar beta na shirin. Wahala kawai ita ce mahalarta gwajin beta ne ke ba da gayyata, kuma yana da wahala a same su a bayyane a Intanet. Wannan yanayin ne ya sa ya yiwu a jawo hankalin farko ga aikin. Masu amfani sun koyi cewa akwai sabon sabis na TV na Intanet akan hanyar sadarwar, kuma nan da nan suka fuskanci gaskiyar cewa ba zai yiwu a san shi ba nan da nan. An fara neman mutanen da suka riga sun shiga gwaji, wasiku da neman aika gayyata. Sha'awar ganin "menene?" ya karfafa irin wannan binciken. Tsarin gayyata yana ba wa shirin kyakkyawar fahimta, kowane sabon ɗan takarar da ya sami gayyata da aka daɗe ana jira yana jin kamar wanda zai shiga cikin rufaffiyar gwaji.

Tsarin yin amfani da gayyata ("gayyata", ɗayan shahararrun rubutun kalmomin a cikin Runet) ya tabbata kuma abin dogaro ne. Ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun misalan ingantaccen amfani da wannan tsarin shine sabis na saƙon Gmail daga Google. Da farko, zaɓaɓɓun masu amfani waɗanda suka karɓi gayyata daga wasu membobin sabis ɗin kawai za su iya karɓar adireshin imel a cikin yankin @gmail.com. Wannan yana ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka sa Gmel ya zama sabis ɗin imel mafi shahara a duniya a yau.

A sakamakon haka, za mu iya cewa motsi tare da gayyata ya tafi aikin Joost na musamman don fa'ida. Ana kiran gwajin beta da kanta don haka bisa ga ka'ida, babu wasu buƙatu na wajibi ga masu amfani a wannan matakin. Kuna da 'yanci don amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin shirin ba tare da damu ba don ba da rahoto ga masu haɓakawa.

Jost makanikai - "yaya yake aiki"?

A takaice, Joost shiri ne na kallon fina-finai, bidiyo da tashoshi na TV daban-daban akan kwamfuta ta sirri. Ko Intanet TV.

Har ila yau, aikace-aikacen ya dogara ne akan ka'idar hanyar sadarwa ta P2P (tsara zuwa tsara) da ake amfani da ita a cikin Skype da Kazaa. Ana karɓar bayanai daga arewa ta masu amfani waɗanda suka buƙace su da farko, sannan bayanan suna wucewa daga mai amfani zuwa wani. Amfanin wannan hanyar ita ce, yanayin lokacin da sabobin ya yi yawa ba zai yiwu ba.

A yau, aikin yana kan matakin gwajin beta kuma ya zuwa yanzu yana da kusan tashoshi 25 kawai. Kuma a nan an fara jin daɗi. Joost ba talabijin ba ne a ma'anar ma'anar kalmar, ba za ku iya samun tashoshi daga ma'aunin da aka saita a nan ba.

Da farko kuna buƙatar samun gayyata, wanda na kwatanta a sama. A cikin wasiƙar gayyata, za ku sami hanyar haɗi zuwa shafin yanar gizon inda za ku iya yin rajista, ta haka za ku zama sabon ɗan takarar gwaji. Mataki na gaba shine zazzage wannan shirin zuwa kwamfutarka (girman abokin ciniki ya kai MB 10). Bayan shigar da aikace-aikacen akan kwamfutarka kuma shigar da bayanan asusun da kuka karɓa a matakin rajista a rukunin yanar gizon, za a kai ku zuwa Joost.

Ba ma'ana ba ne a kwatanta mahallin shirin, kowane mutum yana da nasa ra'ayi na dacewa. Zan iya faɗi kawai cewa ƙungiyar duk menus da saituna suna da sauƙin gaske kuma an tsara su don mai amfani wanda bai shirya kashe lokaci don nazarin menu na taimako ba da zurfafa cikin saitunan mafi kyawun aikace-aikacen. A cikin fasahar fasaha, ba komai ya kasance mai santsi ba tukuna, amma yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa aikin ya fi mayar da hankali kan kasashen da damar Intanet mai sauri ya zama al'ada. Matsakaicin abin da ake buƙata don saurin tashar shine 1 Mbps, da kyau 2 ko fiye Mbps. Tare da saurin tashar Intanet na ƙasa da 1 Mbps, shirin bai ma da ma'ana don shigarwa ba. Ingancin hoton ya bambanta dangane da tashar da aka zaɓa, daga matsakaici (kayan aikin fasaha, rarrabuwar hoto zuwa murabba'ai) zuwa mai kyau (hoton bayyananne a yanayin cikakken allo).

A ra'ayinsa, Joost ya fi kama da ayyukan YouTube ko Google Video, tare da bambancin cewa abokin ciniki baya cikin taga mai bincike, amma ana shigar dashi akan kwamfuta. Babban ra'ayin shi ne cewa abubuwan da ke cikin kowane tashoshi tsari ne na bidiyo ko gajeren jerin. Idan tashar kiɗa ce, to, za a sami tattaunawa, wasu sassa na kide-kide kai tsaye ko shirye-shiryen bidiyo a ciki. Idan tashar ta shafi yanayi ne, to za ta ƙunshi gajerun shirye-shirye ko zane-zane. Daga dukkan jerin tashoshin Tsaftataccen Ruwa Spigot tashoshi, na so 'yan kaɗan ne kawai, gami da tashoshi game da wasannin kwamfuta da na'ura wasan bidiyo, inda aka gabatar da sake dubawa game da sake dubawa, sigogin wasan daban-daban, da sauransu. Bari mu kasance masu gaskiya, a matakin gwaji, Joost ba ya haskakawa tare da watsa iri-iri.

A cikin sigar ƙarshe ta Joost, jerin tashoshin da ake da su za a faɗaɗa sosai. Ana iya faɗi wannan da tabbaci, yana mai da hankali kan bayanan, bisa ga abin da aikin ya riga ya sanya hannu kan kwangila tare da manyan ɗakunan studio da hukumomin talabijin da yawa. Kamfanin, ta ƙira, dole ne ya aiwatar da ra'ayin da YouTube ba zai iya amfani da shi ba. Muna magana ne game da jerin shirye-shirye da shirye-shirye daban-daban waɗanda masu amfani suke aikawa akai-akai akan YouTube da makamantan ayyukan bidiyo, suna ƙetare dokar haƙƙin mallaka (a cikin Amurka da Turai, wannan yana cike da babban sakamako). A cikin wannan ma'ana, Joost shine, zuwa ɗan lokaci, misali na farko na yadda abubuwa zasu kasance. Kamfanin ya kulla kwangiloli da yawa kuma yana samun damar buga abubuwan da masu amfani da su a baya suka yi musayar su a cikin bin doka.

Akwai ɗan bege cewa Joost zai ƙunshi tashoshi cikin Rashanci. A kasarmu, akwai 'yan kaɗan masu iya amfani da shirin, saurin tashoshi na Intanet da kuma tsadar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa suna sanya iyaka. Don tunani: Joost yana samar da 300-400 MB na zirga-zirga a cikin sa'a ɗaya lokacin da yake aiki sosai (kallon watsa shirye-shirye).

Aikace-aikacen Joost ya dogara ne akan madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen Gecko (injiniya), akan tushensu ana yin irin waɗannan mashahuran ayyukan buɗe tushen kamar Mozilla Firefox browser ko abokin ciniki na imel na Mozilla Thunderbird. Dangane da dandamali iri ɗaya, Joost yana ba da fasaloli da yawa waɗanda suka zama gama gari ga duk ayyukan tushen Gecko. Wannan shine ikon yin aiki tare da add-ons (ƙari), waɗanda masu haɓakawa da masu amfani na yau da kullun za su iya ƙirƙira su. A wannan mataki, shirin yana da ƙananan ƙararrawa kaɗan kawai, waɗannan su ne agogo mafi sauƙi, mai amfani da bayanin kula, karanta ciyarwar RSS, da sauransu.

Aiki ya nuna cewa akwai mutane da yawa da suke son rubuta nasu add-on zuwa wani shiri bisa injin Gecko. Ba kwa buƙatar duba nisa ga misalai, bari mu tuna adadin add-ons na Mozilla Firefox browser yana da yau? Asusun ya riga ya shiga cikin dubbai, kuma ƙari yana ci gaba da bayyana a cikin ƙima mai ban mamaki. Don haka a wannan ma'anar, Joost bai kamata ya sami matsala ba.

Ra'ayin aikin, hangen nesa

A yau, akwai abubuwa da yawa na sake dubawa da kayayyaki akan Intanet game da Joost. Wasu mutane kawai suna raba ra'ayoyinsu, wasu suna magana game da fasali, kuma akwai wadanda suke mirgine aikin a cikin kwalta (ko kuma suna tunanin suna yi), suna tunanin cewa shigar da talabijin a cikin kwamfutar mutum wani abu ne da ba shi da ma'ana. Nan da nan ina so in watsar da tatsuniya cewa Joost zai zama analogue na TV, kawai akan allon saka idanu. Wannan yayi nisa da lamarin, kuma zaka iya fahimtar dalilin da yasa, har ma daga abin da aka riga aka rubuta a sama. An saka hannun jari mai yawa ta ma'auni na albarkatun Intanet a cikin aikin, kuma zai zama abin ban mamaki a ɗauka cewa mahaliccin Joost za su bar tunaninsu kawai ba tare da tunanin makomarsa ba.

Domin fahimtar ra'ayin Joost, kuna buƙatar sake juya zuwa Skype. Abin mamaki, yawancin masu amfani da wannan shirin ba su taɓa yin amfani da ayyukan da aka biya ba. Bugu da ƙari, babu ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda ke amfani da shirin da ya gan shi a matsayin mai kutse ko ma talla mafi sauƙi. Bata can kawai. Amma, duk da haka, Skype yana da mashahuri kuma mai ban sha'awa ga kamfanoni masu yawa waɗanda ke shirye su tallafa masa, zuba jari a ciki da kuma fadada shi. A yau, Skype yana kawo riba mai yawa ga masu ƙirƙira shi da kuma kamfanin mai shi.

Tunanin Joost yayi kama da Skype azaman Peas guda biyu a cikin kwasfa. Ayyukan masu kirkiro shine sha'awar manyan kamfanoni a cikin wannan bangare, don jawo hankalin su zuwa aikin. Joost ba yana nufin ya zama mai maye gurbin talabijin akan kwamfuta ba. Manufar aikin shine canza ra'ayin talabijin a matsayin sabis, ra'ayin shine don sa TV ta zama mai sauƙi da ban sha'awa ga kowane mai amfani. A halin yanzu, masu ƙirƙira suna yin shawarwari tare da manyan kamfanoni da yawa waɗanda ke samar da tsarin kwamfuta na ƙarshen layi da cibiyoyin gida game da batun shigar da aikace-aikacen a cikin tsarin. A nan gaba, muna iya ganin Joost, mai yiwuwa ma a cikin na'urorin wasan bidiyo ko wayoyin hannu. Fadada kasancewar sabis ɗin shine babban aikinsa na nan gaba. Ga masu amfani da ƙarshe, aikin zai kasance kyauta ta asali, kodayake yana yiwuwa sabis da sabis na biyan kuɗi za su bayyana nan gaba.

Tabbas, ya yi wuri a faɗi cewa Joost zai zama sananne kuma, mafi mahimmanci, nasara ta kasuwanci. Amma akwai kowane dalili na wannan, kuma alkiblar da masu yin halitta suka zaɓa ta zama gaskiya da daidaito. Misali bayyananne na waɗannan gaskiyar shine ayyukan da suka fito a kasuwar TV ta Intanet a yau, ɗan lokaci bayan sanarwar Joost. Amma a ƴan shekaru da suka wuce, mun ga irin wannan hoton a kasuwar wayar tarho ta Intanet, lokacin da aka haifi Skype.

Abubuwan gani

Zan yi ƙoƙari in haskaka manyan fa'idodi da fa'idodi na shirin da kuma ainihin ra'ayin gidan talabijin na Intanet a gare mu, masu amfani da talakawa, idan aka kwatanta da talabijin na yau da kullun. Idan kuna da ra'ayi na daban akan wannan batu, ina gayyatar ku zuwa dandalin tattaunawa don tattauna matsalar.

Joost TV - sabon kallon talabijin na Intanet

Akwai lokacin da kake son raba wa mai karatu ba kawai wani bita ko nazari na kasuwa ba, har ma da wani abu daban. A taƙaice, don yin magana game da abubuwan da ke da dangantaka ta musamman da batun rukunin yanar gizon ko kuma ba su da alaƙa da shi kwata-kwata. Har ila yau, sha'awar gaya, raba tunanin mutum yana da girma wanda ba za a iya watsi da shi ba.

A saboda wannan dalili, muna ƙirƙirar ƙaramin sashin “Shafin Edita”, wanda a cikinsa za mu ba ku ra'ayoyinmu game da batutuwa daban-daban, abubuwan lura, magana game da abubuwan da ke ba mu sha'awa. Makin naku ne.

Skype Phenomenon - "Duniya duka na iya magana kyauta"

A kowace masana'antu, a kowace kasuwanci, a koyaushe akwai shugabanni, na waje da ƙwararrun manoma na tsakiya. Doka ce mai sauƙi: wanda ya fi kowa aiki ko kuma ya yi nasara, sauran suna aiki azaman kama. Akwai masana'antun da babu wani fiyayyen shugaba a cikinsu. Akwai dalilai da yawa na wannan yanayin: gasa mai girma, wanda ba ya ba da damar wani ya yi fice a sahun gaba, dangin matasan kasuwa na bangaren kasuwa ko rashin kasancewar kamfanoni masu karfi da mutane a ciki.

Har zuwa kwanan nan, ana iya ganin irin wannan yanayin a cikin kasuwar wayar tarho ta IP, wanda ya ci gaba a hankali kuma a hankali. Mahalarta kasuwar sun nutsu, kowa ya gamsu da yadda al’amura ke gudana. Canje-canje masu ma'ana sun fara ne tare da isowar mutane biyu masu tsattsauran ra'ayi da ƴan kasuwa a wannan kasuwa - Niklas Zennstrom (Niklas Zennstrom) da Janus Friis (Janus Friis), waɗanda suka bambanta kansu a baya ta ɗayan shahararrun abokan ciniki da abin kunya don yin aiki tare da abokan gaba. -tsararrun hanyoyin sadarwa (P2P) - KaZaA. An karɓi sanarwar sabon aikin su, abokin ciniki don yin kira ta Intanet ta amfani da fasahar P2P - Skype - an karɓi saƙon. A cikin 'yan watannin farko, babu wanda ya ɗauki shirin mai sauƙi a lokacin da mahimmanci.

A yau, aikin Skype shine jagoran da ba a jayayya a kasuwar sabis na wayar tarho na Intanet kuma a hankali ya fara korar manyan masu aiki a wannan sashin. Tunanin yiwuwar yin kira kyauta tsakanin masu amfani da Skype ya girma zuwa ayyuka da dama dangane da ka'idar P2P da ƙarin kayayyaki da aka gina a cikin Skype. Yawan masu amfani da wannan shirin ya dade da wuce alamar miliyan 195, kuma adadin mutanen da ke "online" ba kasafai ya ragu a kasa da mashaya miliyan 8 ba. Ga mutane da yawa, wannan abokin ciniki ya dade kuma ya sami nasarar maye gurbin ICQ, kuma a yau sababbin masu amfani suna zuwa Skype ba kawai saboda dacewa ba, amma kuma, ban tsoro don tunani, kawai saboda yana da gaye. Daga sauƙaƙan abokin ciniki don sadarwa, shirin ya girma cikin shekaru da yawa zuwa ga al'ada a Turai da Amurka kuma yana samun nasarar samun nasara a wasu ƙasashe, ciki har da Rasha.

Bayan yin "Skype" ya shahara, masu kirkiro sun sayar da shi akan dalar Amurka biliyan 2.5 kuma suka fara wani sabon aiki.

aikin Venetian

A matakin ci gaba, an sanya sunan shirin "The Venice Project", sunan hukuma shine "Joost". Gwajin shirin yana faruwa a bayan ƙofofin da aka rufe, amma kusan kowa na iya shiga cikinsa. Don yin wannan, kuna buƙatar karɓar gayyata (gayyata) kuma zazzage sigar beta na shirin. Wahala kawai ita ce mahalarta gwajin beta ne ke ba da gayyata, kuma yana da wahala a same su a bayyane a Intanet. Wannan yanayin ne ya sa ya yiwu a jawo hankalin farko ga aikin. Masu amfani sun koyi cewa akwai sabon sabis na TV na Intanet akan hanyar sadarwar, kuma nan da nan suka fuskanci gaskiyar cewa ba zai yiwu a san shi ba nan da nan. An fara neman mutanen da suka riga sun shiga gwaji, wasiku da neman aika gayyata. Sha'awar ganin "menene?" ya karfafa irin wannan binciken. Tsarin gayyata yana ba wa shirin kyakkyawar fahimta, kowane sabon ɗan takarar da ya sami gayyata da aka daɗe ana jira yana jin kamar wanda zai shiga cikin rufaffiyar gwaji.

Tsarin yin amfani da gayyata ("gayyata", ɗayan shahararrun rubutun kalmomin a cikin Runet) ya tabbata kuma abin dogaro ne. Ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun misalan ingantaccen amfani da wannan tsarin shine sabis na saƙon Gmail daga Google. Da farko, zaɓaɓɓun masu amfani waɗanda suka karɓi gayyata daga wasu membobin sabis ɗin kawai za su iya karɓar adireshin imel a cikin yankin @gmail.com. Wannan yana ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka sa Gmel ya zama sabis ɗin imel mafi shahara a duniya a yau.

A sakamakon haka, za mu iya cewa motsi tare da gayyata ya tafi aikin Joost na musamman don fa'ida. Ana kiran gwajin beta da kanta don haka bisa ga ka'ida, babu wasu buƙatu na wajibi ga masu amfani a wannan matakin. Kuna da 'yanci don amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin shirin ba tare da damu ba don ba da rahoto ga masu haɓakawa.

Jost makanikai - "yaya yake aiki"?

A takaice, Joost shiri ne na kallon fina-finai, bidiyo da tashoshi na TV daban-daban akan kwamfuta ta sirri. Ko Intanet TV.

Har ila yau, aikace-aikacen ya dogara ne akan ka'idar hanyar sadarwa ta P2P (tsara zuwa tsara) da ake amfani da ita a cikin Skype da Kazaa. Ana karɓar bayanai daga arewa ta masu amfani waɗanda suka buƙace su da farko, sannan bayanan suna wucewa daga mai amfani zuwa wani. Amfanin wannan hanyar ita ce, yanayin lokacin da sabobin ya yi yawa ba zai yiwu ba.

A yau, aikin yana kan matakin gwajin beta kuma ya zuwa yanzu yana da kusan tashoshi 25 kawai. Kuma a nan an fara jin daɗi. Joost ba talabijin ba ne a ma'anar ma'anar kalmar, ba za ku iya samun tashoshi daga ma'aunin da aka saita a nan ba.

Da farko kuna buƙatar samun gayyata, wanda na kwatanta a sama. A cikin wasiƙar gayyata, za ku sami hanyar haɗi zuwa shafin yanar gizon inda za ku iya yin rajista, ta haka za ku zama sabon ɗan takarar gwaji. Mataki na gaba shine zazzage wannan shirin zuwa kwamfutarka (girman abokin ciniki ya kai MB 10). Bayan shigar da aikace-aikacen akan kwamfutarka kuma shigar da bayanan asusun da kuka karɓa a matakin rajista a rukunin yanar gizon, za a kai ku zuwa Joost.

Ba ma'ana ba ne a kwatanta mahallin shirin, kowane mutum yana da nasa ra'ayi na dacewa. Zan iya faɗi kawai cewa ƙungiyar duk menus da saituna suna da sauƙin gaske kuma an tsara su don mai amfani wanda bai shirya kashe lokaci don nazarin menu na taimako ba da zurfafa cikin saitunan mafi kyawun aikace-aikacen. A cikin fasahar fasaha, ba komai ya kasance mai santsi ba tukuna, amma yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa aikin ya fi mayar da hankali kan kasashen da damar Intanet mai sauri ya zama al'ada. Matsakaicin abin da ake buƙata don saurin tashar shine 1 Mbps, da kyau 2 ko fiye Mbps. Tare da saurin tashar Intanet na ƙasa da 1 Mbps, shirin bai ma da ma'ana don shigarwa ba. Ingancin hoton ya bambanta dangane da tashar da aka zaɓa, daga matsakaici (kayan aikin fasaha, rarrabuwar hoto zuwa murabba'ai) zuwa mai kyau (hoton bayyananne a yanayin cikakken allo).

A ra'ayinsa, Joost ya fi kama da ayyukan YouTube ko Google Video, tare da bambancin cewa abokin ciniki baya cikin taga mai bincike, amma ana shigar dashi akan kwamfuta. Babban ra'ayin shi ne cewa abubuwan da ke cikin kowane tashoshi tsari ne na bidiyo ko gajeren jerin. Idan tashar kiɗa ce, to, za a sami tattaunawa, wasu sassa na kide-kide kai tsaye ko shirye-shiryen bidiyo a ciki. Idan tashar ta shafi yanayi ne, to za ta ƙunshi gajerun shirye-shirye ko zane-zane. Daga dukkan jerin tashoshin Tsaftataccen Ruwa Spigot tashoshi, na so 'yan kaɗan ne kawai, gami da tashoshi game da wasannin kwamfuta da na'ura wasan bidiyo, inda aka gabatar da sake dubawa game da sake dubawa, sigogin wasan daban-daban, da sauransu. Bari mu kasance masu gaskiya, a matakin gwaji, Joost ba ya haskakawa tare da watsa iri-iri.

A cikin sigar ƙarshe ta Joost, jerin tashoshin da ake da su za a faɗaɗa sosai. Ana iya faɗi wannan da tabbaci, yana mai da hankali kan bayanan, bisa ga abin da aikin ya riga ya sanya hannu kan kwangila tare da manyan ɗakunan studio da hukumomin talabijin da yawa. Kamfanin, ta ƙira, dole ne ya aiwatar da ra'ayin da YouTube ba zai iya amfani da shi ba. Muna magana ne game da jerin shirye-shirye da shirye-shirye daban-daban waɗanda masu amfani suke aikawa akai-akai akan YouTube da makamantan ayyukan bidiyo, suna ƙetare dokar haƙƙin mallaka (a cikin Amurka da Turai, wannan yana cike da babban sakamako). A cikin wannan ma'ana, Joost shine, zuwa ɗan lokaci, misali na farko na yadda abubuwa zasu kasance. Kamfanin ya kulla kwangiloli da yawa kuma yana samun damar buga abubuwan da masu amfani da su a baya suka yi musayar su a cikin bin doka.

Akwai ɗan bege cewa Joost zai ƙunshi tashoshi cikin Rashanci. A kasarmu, akwai 'yan kaɗan masu iya amfani da shirin, saurin tashoshi na Intanet da kuma tsadar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa suna sanya iyaka. Don tunani: Joost yana samar da 300-400 MB na zirga-zirga a cikin sa'a ɗaya lokacin da yake aiki sosai (kallon watsa shirye-shirye).

Aikace-aikacen Joost ya dogara ne akan madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen Gecko (injiniya), akan tushensu ana yin irin waɗannan mashahuran ayyukan buɗe tushen kamar Mozilla Firefox browser ko abokin ciniki na imel na Mozilla Thunderbird. Dangane da dandamali iri ɗaya, Joost yana ba da fasaloli da yawa waɗanda suka zama gama gari ga duk ayyukan tushen Gecko. Wannan shine ikon yin aiki tare da add-ons (ƙari), waɗanda masu haɓakawa da masu amfani na yau da kullun za su iya ƙirƙira su. A wannan mataki, shirin yana da ƙananan ƙararrawa kaɗan kawai, waɗannan su ne agogo mafi sauƙi, mai amfani da bayanin kula, karanta ciyarwar RSS, da sauransu.

Aiki ya nuna cewa akwai mutane da yawa da suke son rubuta nasu add-on zuwa wani shiri bisa injin Gecko. Ba kwa buƙatar duba nisa ga misalai, bari mu tuna adadin add-ons na Mozilla Firefox browser yana da yau? Asusun ya riga ya shiga cikin dubbai, kuma ƙari yana ci gaba da bayyana a cikin ƙima mai ban mamaki. Don haka a wannan ma'anar, Joost bai kamata ya sami matsala ba.

Ra'ayin aikin, hangen nesa

A yau, akwai abubuwa da yawa na sake dubawa da kayayyaki akan Intanet game da Joost. Wasu mutane kawai suna raba ra'ayoyinsu, wasu suna magana game da fasali, kuma akwai wadanda suke mirgine aikin a cikin kwalta (ko kuma suna tunanin suna yi), suna tunanin cewa shigar da talabijin a cikin kwamfutar mutum wani abu ne da ba shi da ma'ana. Nan da nan ina so in watsar da tatsuniya cewa Joost zai zama analogue na TV, kawai akan allon saka idanu. Wannan yayi nisa da lamarin, kuma zaka iya fahimtar dalilin da yasa, har ma daga abin da aka riga aka rubuta a sama. An saka hannun jari mai yawa ta ma'auni na albarkatun Intanet a cikin aikin, kuma zai zama abin ban mamaki a ɗauka cewa mahaliccin Joost za su bar tunaninsu kawai ba tare da tunanin makomarsa ba.

Domin fahimtar ra'ayin Joost, kuna buƙatar sake juya zuwa Skype. Abin mamaki, yawancin masu amfani da wannan shirin ba su taɓa yin amfani da ayyukan da aka biya ba. Bugu da ƙari, babu ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda ke amfani da shirin da ya gan shi a matsayin mai kutse ko ma talla mafi sauƙi. Bata can kawai. Amma, duk da haka, Skype yana da mashahuri kuma mai ban sha'awa ga kamfanoni masu yawa waɗanda ke shirye su tallafa masa, zuba jari a ciki da kuma fadada shi. A yau, Skype yana kawo riba mai yawa ga masu ƙirƙira shi da kuma kamfanin mai shi.

Tunanin Joost yayi kama da Skype azaman Peas guda biyu a cikin kwasfa. Ayyukan masu kirkiro shine sha'awar manyan kamfanoni a cikin wannan bangare, don jawo hankalin su zuwa aikin. Joost ba yana nufin ya zama mai maye gurbin talabijin akan kwamfuta ba. Manufar aikin shine canza ra'ayin talabijin a matsayin sabis, ra'ayin shine don sa TV ta zama mai sauƙi da ban sha'awa ga kowane mai amfani. A halin yanzu, masu ƙirƙira suna yin shawarwari tare da manyan kamfanoni da yawa waɗanda ke samar da tsarin kwamfuta na ƙarshen layi da cibiyoyin gida game da batun shigar da aikace-aikacen a cikin tsarin. A nan gaba, muna iya ganin Joost, mai yiwuwa ma a cikin na'urorin wasan bidiyo ko wayoyin hannu. Fadada kasancewar sabis ɗin shine babban aikinsa na nan gaba. Ga masu amfani da ƙarshe, aikin zai kasance kyauta ta asali, kodayake yana yiwuwa sabis da sabis na biyan kuɗi za su bayyana nan gaba.

Tabbas, ya yi wuri a faɗi cewa Joost zai zama sananne kuma, mafi mahimmanci, nasara ta kasuwanci. Amma akwai kowane dalili na wannan, kuma alkiblar da masu yin halitta suka zaɓa ta zama gaskiya da daidaito. Misali bayyananne na waɗannan gaskiyar shine ayyukan da suka fito a kasuwar TV ta Intanet a yau, ɗan lokaci bayan sanarwar Joost. Amma a ƴan shekaru da suka wuce, mun ga irin wannan hoton a kasuwar wayar tarho ta Intanet, lokacin da aka haifi Skype.

Abubuwan gani

Zan yi ƙoƙari in haskaka manyan fa'idodi da fa'idodi na shirin da kuma ainihin ra'ayin gidan talabijin na Intanet a gare mu, masu amfani da talakawa, idan aka kwatanta da talabijin na yau da kullun. Idan kuna da ra'ayi na daban akan wannan batu, ina gayyatar ku zuwa dandalin tattaunawa don tattauna matsalar.

Joost TV - sabon kallon talabijin na Intanet

Akwai lokacin da kake son raba wa mai karatu ba kawai wani bita ko nazarin kasuwa ba, har ma da wani abu daban. A taƙaice, don yin magana game da abubuwan da ke da dangantaka ta musamman da batun rukunin yanar gizon ko kuma ba su da alaƙa da shi kwata-kwata. Hakazalika, sha'awar faɗi, raba tunanin mutum yana da girma ta yadda ba za a iya watsi da shi ba.

Don haka, muna samar da wani ɗan ƙaramin sashi mai suna “Shafin Edita”, wanda a cikinsa ne za mu ba ku ra’ayoyinmu kan batutuwa daban-daban, abubuwan lura, tattaunawa game da abubuwan da ke jan hankalinmu. Makin naku ne.

Skype Phenomenon - "Duniya duka na iya magana kyauta"

A kowace masana'antu, a kowace kasuwanci, a koyaushe akwai shugabanni, na waje da ƙwararrun manoma na tsakiya. Doka ce mai sauƙi: wanda ya fi kowa aiki ko kuma ya yi nasara, sauran suna aiki azaman kama. Akwai masana'antun da babu wani fiyayyen shugaba a cikinsu. Akwai dalilai da yawa na wannan yanayin: gasa mai girma, wanda ba ya ba da damar wani ya yi fice a sahun gaba, dangin matasan kasuwa na bangaren kasuwa ko rashin kasancewar kamfanoni masu karfi da mutane a ciki.

Har zuwa kwanan nan, ana iya ganin irin wannan yanayin a cikin kasuwar wayar tarho ta IP, wanda ya ci gaba a hankali kuma a hankali. Mahalarta kasuwar sun nutsu, kowa ya gamsu da yadda al’amura ke gudana. Canje-canje masu ma'ana sun fara ne tare da isowar mutane biyu masu tsattsauran ra'ayi da ƴan kasuwa a wannan kasuwa - Niklas Zennstrom (Niklas Zennstrom) da Janus Friis (Janus Friis), waɗanda suka bambanta kansu a baya ta ɗayan shahararrun abokan ciniki da abin kunya don yin aiki tare da abokan gaba. -tsararrun hanyoyin sadarwa (P2P) - KaZaA. An karɓi sanarwar sabon aikin su, abokin ciniki don yin kira ta Intanet ta amfani da fasahar P2P - Skype - an karɓi saƙon. A cikin 'yan watannin farko, babu wanda ya ɗauki shirin mai sauƙi a lokacin da mahimmanci.

A yau, aikin Skype shine jagoran da ba a jayayya a kasuwar sabis na wayar tarho na Intanet kuma a hankali ya fara korar manyan masu aiki a wannan sashin. Tunanin yiwuwar yin kira kyauta tsakanin masu amfani da Skype ya girma zuwa ayyuka da dama dangane da ka'idar P2P da ƙarin kayayyaki da aka gina a cikin Skype. Yawan masu amfani da wannan shirin ya dade da wuce alamar miliyan 195, kuma adadin mutanen da ke "online" ba kasafai ya ragu a kasa da mashaya miliyan 8 ba. Ga mutane da yawa, wannan abokin ciniki ya dade kuma ya sami nasarar maye gurbin ICQ, kuma a yau sababbin masu amfani suna zuwa Skype ba kawai saboda dacewa ba, amma kuma, ban tsoro don tunani, kawai saboda yana da gaye. Daga sauƙaƙan abokin ciniki don sadarwa, shirin ya girma cikin shekaru da yawa zuwa ga al'ada a Turai da Amurka kuma yana samun nasarar samun nasara a wasu ƙasashe, ciki har da Rasha.

Bayan yin "Skype" ya shahara, masu kirkiro sun sayar da shi akan dalar Amurka biliyan 2.5 kuma suka fara wani sabon aiki.

Ayyukan Venetian

A matakin ci gaba, an sanya sunan shirin "The Venice Project", sunan hukuma shine "Joost". Gwajin shirin yana faruwa a bayan ƙofofin da aka rufe, amma kusan kowa na iya shiga cikinsa. Don yin wannan, kuna buƙatar karɓar gayyata (gayyata) kuma zazzage sigar beta na shirin. Wahala kawai ita ce mahalarta gwajin beta ne ke ba da gayyata, kuma yana da wahala a same su a bayyane a Intanet. Wannan yanayin ne ya sa ya yiwu a jawo hankalin farko ga aikin. Masu amfani sun koyi cewa akwai sabon sabis na TV na Intanet akan hanyar sadarwar, kuma nan da nan suka fuskanci gaskiyar cewa ba zai yiwu a san shi ba nan da nan. An fara neman mutanen da suka riga sun shiga gwaji, wasiku da neman aika gayyata. Sha'awar ganin "menene?" ya karfafa irin wannan binciken. Tsarin gayyata yana ba wa shirin kyakkyawar fahimta, kowane sabon ɗan takarar da ya karɓi gayyata da aka daɗe ana jira yana jin kamar wanda zai shiga cikin rufaffiyar gwaji.

Tsarin yin amfani da gayyata ("gayyata", ɗayan shahararrun rubutun kalmomin a cikin Runet) ya tabbata kuma abin dogaro ne. Ɗaya daga cikin mafi kyawun misalan ingantaccen amfani da wannan tsarin shine sabis na saƙon Gmail daga Google. Da farko, zaɓaɓɓun masu amfani waɗanda suka karɓi gayyata daga wasu membobin sabis ɗin kawai za su iya karɓar adireshin imel a cikin yankin @gmail.com. Wannan yana ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da suka sa Gmel ya zama sabis ɗin imel mafi shahara a duniya a yau.

A sakamakon haka, za mu iya cewa motsi tare da gayyata ya tafi aikin Joost na musamman don fa'ida. Ana kiran gwajin beta da kanta don haka bisa ga ka'ida, babu wasu buƙatu na wajibi ga masu amfani a wannan matakin. Kuna da 'yanci don amfani da abubuwan da ke cikin shirin ba tare da damu ba don ba da rahoto ga masu haɓakawa.

Jost makanikai - "yaya yake aiki"?

A takaice, Joost shiri ne na kallon fina-finai, bidiyo da tashoshi na TV daban-daban akan kwamfuta ta sirri. Ko Intanet TV.

Har ila yau, aikace-aikacen ya dogara ne akan ka'idar hanyar sadarwa ta P2P (tsara zuwa tsara) da ake amfani da ita a cikin Skype da Kazaa. Ana karɓar bayanai daga arewa ta masu amfani waɗanda suka buƙace su da farko, sannan bayanan suna wucewa daga mai amfani zuwa wani. Amfanin wannan hanyar ita ce, yanayin lokacin da sabobin ya yi yawa ba zai yiwu ba.

A yau, aikin yana kan matakin gwajin beta kuma ya zuwa yanzu yana da kusan tashoshi 25 kawai. Kuma a nan an fara jin daɗi. Joost ba talabijin ba ne a ma'anar ma'anar kalmar, ba za ku iya samun tashoshi daga ma'aunin da aka saita a nan ba.

Da farko kuna buƙatar samun gayyata, wanda na kwatanta a sama. A cikin wasiƙar gayyata, za ku sami hanyar haɗi zuwa shafin yanar gizon inda za ku iya yin rajista, ta haka za ku zama sabon ɗan takarar gwaji. Mataki na gaba shine zazzage shirin zuwa kwamfutarka (girman abokin ciniki kusan 10 MB ne). Bayan shigar da aikace-aikacen akan kwamfutarka kuma shigar da bayanan asusun da kuka karɓa a matakin rajista a rukunin yanar gizon, za a kai ku zuwa Joost.

Ba ma'ana ba ne a kwatanta mahallin shirin, kowane mutum yana da nasa ra'ayi na dacewa. Zan iya faɗi kawai cewa ƙungiyar duk menus da saituna suna da sauƙin gaske kuma an tsara su don mai amfani wanda bai shirya kashe lokaci don nazarin menu na taimako ba da zurfafa cikin saitunan mafi kyawun aikace-aikacen. A cikin fasahar fasaha, ba komai ya kasance mai santsi ba tukuna, amma yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa aikin ya fi mayar da hankali kan kasashen da damar Intanet mai sauri ya zama al'ada. Matsakaicin abin da ake buƙata don saurin tashar shine 1 Mbps, da kyau 2 ko fiye Mbps. Tare da saurin tashar Intanet na ƙasa da 1 Mbps, shirin bai ma da ma'ana don shigarwa ba. Ingancin hoton ya bambanta dangane da tashar da aka zaɓa, daga matsakaici (kayan aikin fasaha, rarrabuwar hoto zuwa murabba'ai) zuwa mai kyau (hoton bayyananne a yanayin cikakken allo).

A ra'ayinsa, Joost ya fi kama da ayyukan YouTube ko Google Video, tare da bambancin cewa abokin ciniki baya cikin taga mai bincike, amma ana shigar dashi akan kwamfuta. Babban ra'ayin shi ne cewa abubuwan da ke cikin kowane tashoshi tsari ne na bidiyo ko gajeren jerin. Idan tashar kiɗa ce, to, za a sami tattaunawa, wasu sassa na kide-kide kai tsaye ko shirye-shiryen bidiyo a ciki. Idan tashar ta shafi yanayi ne, to za ta ƙunshi gajerun shirye-shirye ko zane-zane. Daga cikin dukkanin jerin tashoshin Spigot mai tsafta, Ina son kaɗan kawai, gami da tashoshi game da wasannin kwamfuta da na'ura wasan bidiyo, inda aka gabatar da sake dubawa game da sake dubawa, sigogin wasan daban-daban, da sauransu. Bari mu kasance masu gaskiya, a matakin gwaji, Joost ba ya haskakawa tare da watsa iri-iri.

A cikin ra'ayinsa, Joost galibi yana kama da ayyukan YouTube ko Google Video, tare da bambancin cewa abokin ciniki baya cikin taga mai bincike, amma ana shigar dashi akan kwamfuta. Babban ra'ayin shi ne cewa abubuwan da ke cikin kowane tashoshi tsari ne na bidiyo ko gajeren jerin. Idan tashar kiɗa ce, to, za a sami tattaunawa, wasu sassa na kide-kide kai tsaye ko shirye-shiryen bidiyo a ciki. Idan tashar ta shafi yanayi ne, to za ta ƙunshi gajerun shirye-shirye ko zane-zane. Daga jerin duka Tsaftataccen Ruwa Spigot Ruwa mai Tsaftace Spigot Ina son tashoshi kaɗan ne kawai, gami da tashoshi game da wasannin kwamfuta da na'ura wasan bidiyo, inda aka gabatar da sake duba wasanni, sake dubawa, sigogin wasa daban-daban, da sauransu. Bari mu kasance masu gaskiya, a matakin gwaji, Joost ba ya haskakawa tare da shirye-shirye iri-iri.

A cikin sigar ƙarshe ta Joost, jerin tashoshin da ake da su za a faɗaɗa sosai. Ana iya faɗi wannan da tabbaci, yana mai da hankali kan bayanan, bisa ga abin da aikin ya riga ya sanya hannu kan kwangila tare da manyan ɗakunan studio da hukumomin talabijin da yawa. Kamfanin, ta ƙira, dole ne ya aiwatar da ra'ayin da YouTube ba zai iya amfani da shi ba. Muna magana ne game da jerin shirye-shirye da shirye-shirye daban-daban waɗanda masu amfani suke aikawa akai-akai akan YouTube da makamantan ayyukan bidiyo, suna ƙetare dokar haƙƙin mallaka (a cikin Amurka da Turai, wannan yana cike da babban sakamako). A cikin wannan ma'ana, Joost shine, zuwa ɗan lokaci, misali na farko na yadda abubuwa zasu kasance. Kamfanin ya kulla kwangiloli da yawa kuma yana samun damar buga abubuwan da masu amfani da su a baya suka yi musayar su a cikin bin doka.

Akwai ɗan bege cewa Joost zai ƙunshi tashoshi cikin Rashanci. A kasarmu, akwai 'yan kaɗan masu iya amfani da shirin, saurin tashoshi na Intanet da kuma tsadar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa suna sanya iyaka. Don tunani: Joost yana samar da 300-400 MB na zirga-zirga a cikin sa'a ɗaya lokacin da yake aiki sosai (kallon watsa shirye-shirye).

Aikace-aikacen Joost ya dogara ne akan madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen Gecko (injiniya), akan tushensu ana yin irin waɗannan mashahuran ayyukan buɗe tushen kamar Mozilla Firefox browser ko abokin ciniki na imel na Mozilla Thunderbird. Dangane da dandamali iri ɗaya, Joost yana ba da fasaloli da yawa waɗanda suka zama gama gari ga duk ayyukan tushen Gecko. Wannan shine ikon yin aiki tare da add-ons (ƙari), waɗanda masu haɓakawa da masu amfani na yau da kullun za su iya ƙirƙira su. A wannan mataki, shirin yana da ƙananan ƙararrawa kaɗan kawai, waɗannan su ne agogo mafi sauƙi, mai amfani da bayanin kula, karanta ciyarwar RSS, da sauransu.

Aiki ya nuna cewa akwai mutane da yawa da suke son rubuta nasu add-on zuwa wani shiri bisa injin Gecko. Ba kwa buƙatar duba nisa ga misalai, bari mu tuna adadin add-ons na Mozilla Firefox browser yana da yau? Asusun ya riga ya shiga cikin dubbai, kuma ƙari yana ci gaba da bayyana a cikin ƙima mai ban mamaki. Don haka a wannan ma'anar, Joost bai kamata ya sami matsala ba.

Ra'ayin aikin, hangen nesa

A yau, akwai abubuwa da yawa na sake dubawa da kayayyaki akan Intanet game da Joost. Wasu mutane kawai suna raba ra'ayoyinsu, wasu suna magana game da fasali, kuma akwai wadanda suke mirgine aikin a cikin kwalta (ko kuma suna tunanin suna yi), suna tunanin cewa shigar da talabijin a cikin kwamfutar mutum wani abu ne da ba shi da ma'ana. Nan da nan ina so in watsar da tatsuniya cewa Joost zai zama analogue na TV, kawai akan allon saka idanu. Wannan yayi nisa da lamarin, kuma zaka iya fahimtar dalilin da yasa, har ma daga abin da aka riga aka rubuta a sama. An saka hannun jari mai yawa ta ma'auni na albarkatun Intanet a cikin aikin, kuma zai zama abin ban mamaki a ɗauka cewa mahaliccin Joost za su bar tunaninsu kawai ba tare da tunanin makomarsa ba.

Domin fahimtar ra'ayin Joost, kuna buƙatar sake juya zuwa Skype. Abin mamaki, yawancin masu amfani da wannan shirin ba su taɓa yin amfani da ayyukan da aka biya ba. Bugu da ƙari, babu ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda ke amfani da shirin da ya gan shi a matsayin mai kutse ko ma talla mafi sauƙi. Bata can kawai. Amma, duk da haka, Skype yana da mashahuri kuma mai ban sha'awa ga kamfanoni masu yawa waɗanda ke shirye su tallafa masa, zuba jari a ciki da kuma fadada shi. A yau, Skype yana kawo riba mai yawa ga masu ƙirƙira shi da kuma kamfanin mai shi.

Tunanin Joost yayi kama da Skype azaman Peas guda biyu a cikin kwasfa. Ayyukan masu kirkiro shine sha'awar manyan kamfanoni a cikin wannan bangare, don jawo hankalin su zuwa aikin. Joost ba yana nufin ya zama mai maye gurbin talabijin akan kwamfuta ba. Manufar aikin shine canza ra'ayin talabijin a matsayin sabis, ra'ayin shine don sa TV ta zama mai sauƙi da ban sha'awa ga kowane mai amfani. A halin yanzu, masu ƙirƙira suna yin shawarwari tare da manyan kamfanoni da yawa waɗanda ke samar da tsarin kwamfuta na ƙarshen layi da cibiyoyin gida game da batun shigar da aikace-aikacen a cikin tsarin. A nan gaba, muna iya ganin Joost, mai yiwuwa ma a cikin na'urorin wasan bidiyo ko wayoyin hannu. Fadada kasancewar sabis ɗin shine babban aikinsa na nan gaba. Ga masu amfani da ƙarshe, aikin zai kasance kyauta ta asali, kodayake yana yiwuwa sabis da sabis na biyan kuɗi za su bayyana nan gaba.

Tabbas, ya yi wuri a faɗi cewa Joost zai zama sananne kuma, mafi mahimmanci, nasara ta kasuwanci. Amma akwai kowane dalili na wannan, kuma alkiblar da masu yin halitta suka zaɓa ta zama gaskiya da daidaito. Misali bayyananne na waɗannan gaskiyar shine ayyukan da suka fito a kasuwar TV ta Intanet a yau, ɗan lokaci bayan sanarwar Joost. Amma a ƴan shekaru da suka wuce, mun ga irin wannan hoton a kasuwar wayar tarho ta Intanet, lokacin da aka haifi Skype.

Abubuwan gani

Zan yi kokarin haskaka manyan ribobi da fursunoni na shirin da kuma ainihin ra'ayin Internet TV a gare mu, talakawa masu amfani, idan aka kwatanta da talakawa talabijin. Idan kuna da ra'ayi na daban akan wannan batu, ina gayyatar ku zuwa dandalin tattaunawa don tattauna matsalar.