ha opay

Canon PowerShot G6. Komawar labari.

Shekaru biyar da suka wuce, a cikin Satumba 2000 (ta hanyar dijital), Canon ya sanar da 3-megapixel PowerShot G1. A matsayin babban samfurin mara madubi a cikin jeri na Canon, G1 shima sabon nau'in kamara ne. Lallai, haɗe-haɗen jikin ɗan adam na kyamarorin mai son tare da babban ruwan tabarau mai inganci (f / 2.0) da goyan baya ga tsarin RAW ya kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin. Matsakaicin matsayi tsakanin mai son da kyamarori masu ƙwararru, G1 an yi niyya ne ga ci gaba, ƙwararrun masu daukar hoto mai son kuma, a zahiri, alama ce ta farkon ajin ƙwararrun ƙwararru (mai siye) CPC.

Tare da sabuntawa na shekara-shekara tun daga wannan lokacin, jerin G ya zama ba kawai almara na gaske ba, samun masu bin aminci, amma har ma mafi tsayin gudu a cikin duniyar ɗaukar hoto na dijital. Ragewar yanayi mai canzawa ba ze taɓa wannan ra'ayi ba - jiki iri ɗaya, kyakkyawan ruwan tabarau, tallafin RAW da ingancin hoto mai kyau

Canon G6 ƙayyadaddun bayanai

Sensor
1/1.8" CCD, 7.1M pixels, firikwensin launi na farko (RGB)
Tsarin fayil < br/>RAW, JPEG (Exif 2.2) tare da Super Fine, Fine, matsawa na al'ada
Bidiyo - AVI [Motion JPEG + WAVE (mono)]
Shariɗɗan Tallafawa
3072 x 2304 ( L) - 7 MPix, 2592 x 1944 (M1) - 5 MPix,
2048 x 1536 (M2) - 3 MPix, 1600 x 1200 (M3) - 2 MPix, 640 x 480 (S) - VGA
Lens
Canon 7.2-28.8mm (35-140mm a cikin 35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 (har zuwa f/8.0)
8 abubuwa a cikin ƙungiyoyi 7 ( 2 abubuwan aspherical)
Hanyoyin mayar da hankali
TTL bambanci autofocus, 9-aya AiAF
1-maki AF (kowane matsayi ko kafaffen cibiyar). Juyin-frame autofocus, ci gaba da autofocus. Hannun Hannun Hannu
Kewayon Mayar da hankali
Misali: 50 cm zuwa mara iyaka
Macro: 15 cm zuwa 50 cm
Super macro: 5 cm zuwa 50 cm
Mitar fallasa
Yankuna da yawa, matsakaicin nauyi, cibiyar tabo ko wurin mayar da hankali.Rayya +/- 2 EV a cikin 1/3-tsayawa karuwa
Shirye-shiryen fallasa
Auto, Shirye-shiryen auto (P), fifikon Shutter (Tv), fifikon budewa (Av), Manual (M), Yanayin Scene (Portrait, Landscape, Night Hoton, Panorama), 2 mai iya daidaita yanayin mai amfani
Shutter
Haɗin injin lantarki, 1-1/2000 s ( har zuwa 15 s a cikin Yanayin TV da M), babu fallasa kwan fitila
Sauyi
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400 ISO
White balance. /strong>
Auto, saitattu 6, daidaitawar hannu (zaɓi 2)
Timer
10 s, 2 s
Flash >
Gina ciki, lambar jagora 5.0
Halaye: Auto, tilastawa, rage jajayen ido, jinkirin daidaitawa (labule na 1 ko na 2), kashe .
Pulse Compensation: +/- 2 EV a cikin matakai 1/3.
Aiki tare da filasha na waje E-TTL Speedlite EX Series
Mai gani
Na gani, mai zuƙowa
Nuni
LCD
2.0" TFT launi karkata-da-juya nuni, 118,000 pixels

Don haka, a gabana akwai alamar G-jerin yau - 7-megapixel Canon PowerShot G6. An sanar da kyamarar a ƙarshen watan Agustan bara kuma ta bayyana a cikin shagunan mu bayan watanni biyu. Gabaɗaya, fitowar G6 ya zama abin da ba a zata ba. Bari in tunatar da ku: a cikin Fabrairu 2004, Canon ya saki takwas-megapixel PowerShot Pro1, wanda jama'a suka dauka a matsayin wanda zai maye gurbin PowerShot G5 wanda bai yi nasara ba. Da alama ba za a ci gaba da G-jerin ba. Amma a watan Agusta, kamar yadda aka tsara, Canon ya sanar da G6, wanda (oh, tsoro!) Yana amfani da sabon firikwensin 7-megapixel daga Sony. Gaskiyar ita ce, mutane da yawa sun fahimci wannan matrix da shakku sosai - megapixel 1 kawai ƙasa da manyan matrices, tare da ƙaramin ƙarami: 1/1.8 da inci 2/3. Yana da ma'ana don tsammanin cewa wannan zai haifar da haɓakar hayaniya da raguwa a ainihin ƙudurin matrix.

Abin farin ciki, tsoro na bai da tushe. Amma da farko abubuwan farko…

Kira da ergonomics

Riƙe bai taɓa zama maƙasudi mai ƙarfi na jerin G ba. The classic rectangular "bulo" za a iya gafarta saboda m, amma idan kamara ne nauyi, ya zama m riko da shi. Kuma ko da yake rike da hankali ya karu daga G1 zuwa G3 (G5), ergonomics na su ya haifar da zargi. Samfuran Pro1 sun fi kyau, kodayake ba cikakke ba (duba PD No. 7'04). Kuma a ƙarshe, ci gaba! Kyamarar ta dace daidai a cikin hannu, an rufe hannun da roba kuma yana da haɓaka sama da yatsunsu a cikin babba - ƙugiya yana da tabbaci, ba ya zamewa, koda kuwa kun riƙe shi da hannu ɗaya. Duk da haka, kamarar tana da nauyi, kamar waɗanda suka gabace ta, kusan gram 500, don haka za ku iya riƙe ta da hannu ɗaya, amma ba dadewa ba.

Daga waje, kyamarar tana kama da Pro1 da aka sake fasalin dan kadan tare da ruwan tabarau daga G3 (G5). Mummuna babu isashen wurin hannun hagu. A kan Pro1 ya dace don ɗaukar kyamarar ƙarƙashin ruwan tabarau, kamar DSLR, amma akan G6 wannan baya aiki - ruwan tabarau ya fi ƙanƙanta kuma yana motsawa lokacin zuƙowa. Ya rage kawai don riƙe ga mandrel kusa da gindin ruwan tabarau. Koyaya, nan da nan na dunƙule adaftar LA-DC58D gare shi (tare da zaren 58 mm don masu tacewa da haɗe-haɗe na gani) - wannan babbar hanya ce ta fita. Amma adaftan, kash, ba a haɗa shi a cikin kit ɗin kuma ana siyar da shi daban.

Gaban kyamara da murfin allo an yi su da ƙarfe ne, bayan kuma an yi su da filastik. Yatsa mai maƙasudin yana kwantar da hankali a kan maɓallin rufewa, wanda ke kan saman madaidaicin gaba na hannun. A gaban maballin sakin rufewa akwai lefa mai zuƙowa, kuma a bayansa akwai bugun kiran umarni - juyawa bugun kiran yana zaɓar ƙimar zaɓuɓɓuka daban-daban, kuma danna shi yana tabbatar da zaɓin. Af, faifan, a ganina, ya fi dacewa fiye da Pro1 ko Canon DSLRs, saboda a nan ba a tsaye ba, amma an karkatar da 45o gaba.

An matsar da bugun kiran yanayin harbi har abada zuwa sashin baya. Yanzu shi ne karfe, tare da dunƙule baki, kamar yadda yake a kan kyamarori na fina-finai na gargajiya, tare da tsayayyen matsayi, wanda aka canza tare da babban yatsan hannun dama.

Ana iya canza yawancin saitunan harbi na asali ba tare da shigar da menu ba, ta amfani da maɓalli na musamman a jikin kyamara. A saman akwai maɓallai don sarrafa yanayin walƙiya, canza nau'in ma'aunin faɗakarwa, da kuma sauyawa tsakanin harbi ɗaya, fashewar harbi da jinkirin lokacin kai. Hakanan akwai nunin monochrome wanda ke nuna manyan sigogin harbi, maɓalli don kunna hasken baya da kuma takalmi don haɗa filasha E-TTL. A baya akwai maɓallai don yanayin macro, kulle mayar da hankali da kuma mai da hankali kan hannu. Af, ana yin aikin mai da hankali ta hanyar jujjuya bugun kira, wanda ya dace sosai.Bugu da ƙari, akwai maɓallai a gefen baya don sarrafa yanayin autofocus (maki 9, 1-maki, yanki mai motsi), don sarrafa nunin bayanai akan nunin, don shigar da menu na harbi, don kiran kyamara. menu na zaɓuka, da kuma hanyar joystick mai hawa huɗu. Ana amfani da shi don matsawa cikin menu, zaɓi wurin mayar da hankali, kuma a cikin yanayin harbi, kibiyanta ta sama tana ba ku damar shigar da diyya, kuma kibiya ƙasa tana kiran saitunan ma'auni na fari. Idan har yanzu yana yiwuwa a sanya wasu ƙarin ayyuka da ake amfani da su akai-akai zuwa kiban "dama / hagu" (kamar yadda ake yi a wasu kyamarori na masu fafatawa), to ana iya kiran ikon sarrafa na'urar gaba ɗaya.

A cikin kusurwar dama ta sama na rukunin baya, kusa da babban yatsan hannu, akwai maɓallin makulli (kulle AE). Af, a cikin yanayin "Programmable Machine" (P), ta kunna makullin AE da jujjuya bugun kira, zaku iya canza saurin rufewa da nau'ikan buɗe ido. Kuma a saman wannan maɓallin akwai faifan lever mai ƙarfi tare da ƙarin maɓallin kullewa. Ta danna maɓallin da karkatar da lever zuwa dama, muna kunna kyamara a yanayin harbi, ta hanyar karkatar da shi zuwa hagu, mu canza zuwa firam ɗin kallo. Ana kashe kyamarar da maɓalli a tsakiyar diski. Kamata ya kamata a ka'ida ta kare kariya daga haɗa kai tsaye, amma a aikace, kamara wani lokacin har yanzu tana sarrafa kunna lokacin da kuka saka ta cikin ƙaramin akwati ko fitar da ita. To, idan kawai a cikin yanayin kallo - ruwan tabarau ba ya shimfiɗa, amma in ba haka ba. Wannan sanannen tsarin da ba shi da kyau shi ma an gadar shi ne daga G3 (G5) da kuma Pro1, kuma ma’anar amfani da shi bai fito fili ba, domin ba a amfani da shi a cikin layukan kyamarar Canon mai rahusa ko tsada. Zai zama mafi ma'ana idan kun kunna kyamarar ta amfani da maɓallin da aka ajiye a cikin jiki, da tsara kallon faifan ta amfani da wani maɓalli, wanda ya fi sauƙi da sauri, kuma masu fafatawa sun yi kuskure.

Kuma a ƙarshe, nunin LCD mai inch 2 karkata-da-juya. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi, wannan ƙira ya dace lokacin harbi daga kusurwoyi marasa ƙarfi da babba, duka a cikin hoto da yanayin shimfidar wuri? Ta hanyar juya allon zuwa ruwan tabarau, zaku iya ɗaukar hoto mai ɗaukar hoto ko, ta hanyar hawa kamara a kan tudu, hoton kanku tare da dangi ko abokai. Anan shine wurin da aka haɗa remote control ya zo da amfani. Mai duba kyamarar na gani ne, tare da yuwuwar gyara diopter +/-2 DS. Gaskiya ne, ɗaukar hoto kusan kashi 85% na firam ɗin ne kawai, don haka amfani da mai duba zai zama barata ne kawai lokacin da kuke buƙatar adana batura, kuma a cikin yanayin fashe mai sauri lokacin da aka kashe allon LCD.

Af, game da baturi. G6 yana amfani da baturan lithium-ion na BP-511A iri ɗaya, tare da ɗan ƙaramin ƙarfi (1390mAh), kodayake tsoffin za su yi. Cajin yawanci yana ɗaukar mintuna 90-100, kuma baturin ya isa, bisa ga abin da na lura, don firam 300, kodayake wannan, ba shakka, ya dogara da salon harbi. Kuma a nan wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa yana jiran mu - alamar rabin fitar da baturin yana bayyana akan allon a zahiri firam goma sha biyu kafin ya ƙare gaba ɗaya. Koyaya, kash, wannan sifa ce ta “mallaka” na yawancin Canon DSCs. Tushen matsalar da alama sun ta'allaka ne a cikin gine-gine na Canon DIGIC processor.

Lens

An tsara asali don 4-megapixel G3, 4x 35-140mm (35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 zuƙowa ruwan tabarau yana da kyau sosai cewa injiniyoyin Canon sun sami damar sake amfani da shi. Ƙimar gani na ruwan tabarau ya juya ya isa ya bayyana cikakken yuwuwar matrix megapixel 7, kuma ta fuskar buɗaɗɗen rabo har yanzu ya fi abokan hamayyarsa da kusan mataki ɗaya (1 EV).

Ruwan tabarau yana ba da mafi girman kaifi da daki-daki a matsakaicin madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗewa da matsakaici, sannan tasirin diffraction ya fara tasiri, kuma hoton ya ɗan yi duhu. Vignetting a cikin wannan yanayin yana kan gab da rarrabewa. Karɓar ganga a kusurwoyi masu faɗi kaɗan ne, kuma a dogon mai da hankali kusan babu shi. Idan aka kwatanta da G5, chromatic aberration ya ragu sosai - a fili saboda sabbin kayan ruwan tabarau, saboda ƙirar ruwan tabarau kanta bai canza ba.

Matsakaicin tsayin daka, bisa ga ma'auni na yau, kodayake ba abin mamaki bane, ya isa sosai don magance yawancin matsaloli. Baya ga zuƙowa na gani, akwai zuƙowa na dijital 4x. Ingancin zuƙowa yana kwatankwacin saɓanin bicubic a cikin Adobe Photoshop. Don haka, ana iya ba da shawarar zuƙowa dijital da kyau idan ba ku da ikon sarrafa hotuna akan kwamfuta, ko kuma idan kuna da niyyar buga hotuna daga kyamarar ku kai tsaye zuwa firintar PictBridge mai jituwa.

Amma ikon macro na ruwan tabarau, a zahiri, sun fi rauni. Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin daka, sannan girman firam ɗin shine 56x42 mm (diagonal 70 mm), wanda shine kusan santimita girma fiye da daidaitaccen akwatin wasa. A lokaci guda kuma, akwai raguwa a cikin kaifi a cikin sasanninta. Amma a nan Canon yana da ɗan dabaru a cikin kantin sayar da - yanayin SuperMacro. A cikin wannan yanayin, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar abu sau huɗu ƙarami - 26.4x19.8 mm (diagonal 33 mm). Gaskiya ne, za ku yi hadaya da ƙudurin hoton sau biyu: 3 megapixels (2048x1536) maimakon 7. Da alama cewa wannan ba kawai amfanin gona daga babban firam ba, amma fasaha na gani na gaskiya - lokacin da aka kunna SuperMacro, sautin sautin. injin sake gina ruwan tabarau a fili yana jin sauti a cikin ruwan tabarau, sa'an nan kuma ya zama mai yiwuwa a mai da hankali daga ɗan gajeren nesa, kuma zurfin filin yana raguwa daidai gwargwado. Ana iya haifar da amfanin gona ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa ruwan tabarau a cikin wannan yanayin ba zai iya "fadada" hoton a duk faɗin matrix ba. Duk da haka, yana da daraja - ana samun macro shots masu kyau sosai, kuma ƙwaƙƙwaran duk filin firam ɗin ya zama mai kyau.

Wani fasali mai ban sha'awa na G6 shine ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8. Yana "snaps" cikin tsarin gani akan umarni daga menu kuma yana rage hasken haske da sau 8. Wato, godiya ga wannan tacewa, zaku iya buɗe buɗewar ta matakai 3, ko kuma ƙara saurin rufewa da matakai 3. Ma'anar waɗannan magudi, ina fata, a bayyane yake ga kowa. Idan kana buƙatar amfani da wasu masu tacewa ko abubuwan da aka makala, dole ne ka sayi adaftar Canon LA-DC58D ko mai dacewa (an ƙaddamar da sakin su), wanda zai iya zama mai rahusa.

Kyawun hoto

Kamar yadda na ambata, PowerShot G6 yana amfani da firikwensin 7-megapixel 1/1.8-inch (7.2 x 5.3 mm) mafi girma zuwa yau. Wannan ita ce firikwensin da Sony ya ƙera, wanda aka shigar, misali, a cikin Sony CyberShot DSC-V3 (PD # 12'04), Casio Exilim EX-P700 (PD # 11'04) da wasu kyamarori da yawa. Sabanin hasashe na rashin rashin tabbas, sabon matrix, ko da yake an sanya shi ƙasa da mataki ɗaya, ya zama, gabaɗaya, bai fi 8-megapixel 2/3" ɗan shekara biyu ba. Bugu da ƙari, duk da ƙarami. Girman, matrix hasken hankali ya karu kadan: ainihin hankali ga G6 shine rabin tasha (1/2 EV) sama da wanda aka bayyana kuma shine ISO 80-160-320-640 bi da bi.

Tabbas, harbin da aka yi a yanayin ISO 400 suna da hayaniya sosai. Duk da haka, lokacin da na ajiye wannan hoton a cikin tsarin RAW kuma in kwatanta shi (a kan allon kwamfuta) da abin da ya fito a cikin JPEG, na yi mamaki sosai: babu alamar ƙazantattun launi da kuma baƙar fata "waƙafi" a cikin tashar haske! Haka ne, har ila yau amo yana cikin RAW, amma a nan, ba a tsanantawa ta hanyar sarrafa kyamara da kuma matsawa algorithms ba, yana da karami, ya fi dacewa kuma yana kama da fim din "hatsi" - irin wannan hayaniya ba ta da haushi ko kadan, zaka iya barin shi. kamar yadda yake, kuma idan kuna so, ana iya cire shi cikin sauƙi ta amfani da editan hoto.

A zahiri, aikin G6 tare da RAW "digital negatives" ya cancanci duk yabo! Na farko, ba kamar G5 ba, yana yiwuwa a canza ƙudurin kwafin JPEG, wanda aka ƙara zuwa RAW kuma yana aiki don kallo mai sauri akan allon kyamara. G5 daidai gwargwado ya sanya hoton 640x480, wanda yayi kyau ga ƙananan hotuna kawai, amma bai da amfani gabaɗaya lokacin da zaku zuƙowa kan nunin don jin daɗin kaifinsa. Yanzu za ku iya zaɓar kowane nau'in tsarin da kyamara ke goyan bayan. A aikace, 1600x1200 ya riga ya taimaka sosai, ba tare da ambaton cikakken girman 3072x2304 ba. Ciniki-kashe don dacewa shine, ba shakka, haɓaka daidaitaccen girman girman fayil. A gefe guda, Canon yana matsa fayilolin RAW don haka suna da ƙanƙanta, sau 2 zuwa 2.5 kawai girman madaidaicin ingancin JPEG.

Na biyu, kyamarar tana sanye take da faffadan buffer mai fa'ida wanda zai iya ɗaukar aƙalla firam ɗin RAW 5 ko kusan dozin mafi ingancin JPEGs. Sabili da haka, lokacin harbi firam guda ɗaya a cikin RAW, ba kwa fuskantar kowane rashin jin daɗi da jinkiri kwata-kwata - kamara tana shirye don firam na gaba da sauri kamar yadda aka saba, yayin yin rikodin zuwa katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, a halin yanzu, yana faruwa a bango. Ko da fashe yanayin yana samuwa, kuma a daidai wannan gudun kamar yadda na JPEG, game da 0.6 frame / s (ko 1 firam a cikin 1.5 s), amma Frames a cikin jerin ne sau 2 kasa da - duk guda 5 Kuma kawai high-gudun ci gaba. harbi a tsarin RAW ba ya samuwa, adadin wutar ya kasance iri ɗaya, yayin da a cikin JPEG kyamarar ta harba kusan firam 1.6 / s.

SuperFine JPEGs sun kusan yin kyau kamar RAWs, tare da kyakkyawan kaifi da cikakkun bayanai. Duk da haka, ban da ikon da aka ambata a sama don "nanata" amo a babban ISO, wanda ya dace da yawancin DSCs (kuma ɗayan zaɓin yana haskaka hoton), G6 yana da fasalin guda ɗaya. A kan firam ɗin a cikin JPEG, zaku iya lura da ɓarkewar ƙananan ƙananan bayanai. Mafi sau da yawa, asarar daki-daki yana bayyana akan ci gaba da kafet na ciyawa ko ganyayen bishiya, akan sigar abubuwa da gine-gine. A lokaci guda, cikakkun bayanai masu bambanta, har ma da mafi ƙanƙanta, sun kasance masu kaifi. Wannan tasirin yana faruwa ne ta hanyar aikin tsarin rage amo ko kuma sakamakon aikin takamaiman algorithm matsa lamba - ba zan iya faɗi ba. Af, ana kuma lura da wannan a wasu kyamarori na Canon.

A kowane hali, idan kuna son samun mafi kyawun hoto, yakamata kuyi amfani da RAW. Yana rage tasirin amo, yana isar da cikakken daki-daki, faffadan kewayo mai ƙarfi, da babban sassauƙa wajen gyara fallasa da kurakuran ma'auni na fari. Abin farin ciki, da farko zabar RAW ba lallai ba ne! Kuna iya yin harbi a cikin JPEG, kuma, bayan ɗaukar firam ɗin alhakin, dole ne ku danna maɓallin Falsh nan da nan bayan haka, kuma za a sa ku ajiye wannan firam ɗin a cikin tsarin RAW. Ya dace sosai.

Aiki ta atomatik

Haɗin kai na kyamara yana haifar da kusan babu korafe-korafe. Ma'aunin fari ta atomatik yana sarrafa kowane nau'in hasken halitta da na wucin gadi tare da amincewa. Banda, a al'ada, su ne fitilun gida na yau da kullun - hoton yana da "dumi". Kuma hanyar fita ta al'ada ita ce amfani da ma'auni na fari da aka saita, kuma da kyau wanda aka daidaita. Af, kamara tana ba ku damar tunawa da ƙima biyu na WB kuma kuyi saurin canzawa tsakanin su.

Ma'amalar fallasa daidai ne kuma karko, wanda ake tsammanin daga ci-gaba CTC. Kyamara tana ba da zaɓi na daidaitattun nau'ikan ma'auni guda uku: Multi-zone (ƙimantawa a cikin Canon terminology), matsakaici-ma'auni da tabo (ana iya daidaita shi a tsakiya, ko motsawa tare da wurin mayar da hankali).

Abin takaici, kuskuren "mallaka" tare da nau'ikan ƙididdiga yana tare da mu. An san shekaru da yawa yanzu cewa yankuna da yawa da ma'auni masu nauyi na tsakiya suna haɗuwa a cikin Canon DSC. Wannan ya shafi duk kyamarori akan na'urar sarrafa DIGIC. Ee, kuma tare da Canon 350D, wanda ke amfani da DIGIC-II, labarin iri ɗaya. Ya isa a kalli fallasa harbe-harbe kamar "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske" (ko akasin haka) don gano rashin daidaituwa.

Amma ku kula da gumakan:

  • multizone (mai kimantawa)
  • masu nauyi na tsakiya
  • digo

Na farko yana aiki kamar na tsakiya mai nauyi, kuma na biyu yana aiki kamar yanki mai yawa. Kuma gumakan sun dace da ainihin halin da ake ciki! Akwai rudani a cikin bayanin kamara, a cikin firmware da kuma a cikin EXIF ​​​​hoton.

To, ni da kai mun san wannan "fasalin" kuma a cikin P, TV, Av da M yanayin za mu iya zaɓar daidai nau'in mita. Abin takaici, a cikin yanayin atomatik da shirye-shiryen batutuwa, nau'ikan suma suna gauraye, kuma ba zai yuwu a ƙara yin tasiri ga wannan ba. Ya rage kawai don gabatar da gyare-gyare ga fallasa kuma ... jira amsar Canon, wanda, duk da haka, ya ci gaba da yin watsi da matsalar.

Dan ɓacin rai tare da saurin autofocus. Da alama G6 yana mai da hankali akan kusan gudu ɗaya da Pro1, kuma wannan shine, gabaɗaya, matsakaicin matakin ga waɗanda ba madubi DSCs. Amma yana da ma'ana don tsammanin wani abu "fiye da matsakaici" daga kyamarar wannan ajin! Kuma dole ne in yarda cewa G6 yana da mafi saurin mayar da hankali a cikin kyamarori bakwai na gaba.

A lokaci guda, ingancin autofocus yana da kyau sosai. A kan titin, a cikin yanayin haske mai kyau, babu kuskure da gazawa. Yayin da matakin haske ya faɗi, ƙarfin mai da hankali yana raguwa a hankali, da farko yana bayyana kansa a matsakaicin tsayin daka, musamman a cikin gida. Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2 m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa da yawa. G6 yana da niyyar mai da hankali kan sabanin layukan tsaye - yana kama da duk na'urorin firikwensin sa a kwance kuma babu giciye guda ɗaya, har ma a tsakiyar. Ya kamata a tuna da wannan, idan kawai saboda a cikin yanayi mai wahala, lokacin da kyamara ba ta son mayar da hankali ta kowace hanya, yana iya isa ya juya shi 45o ko 90o, "kama" mayar da hankali, sannan mayar da shi zuwa matsayinsa na asali. kuma a dauki hoto.

Wani al'adar Canon mara kyau ita ce rashin tarihin "rayuwa" a yanayin harbi. Kuma saboda rashin son matrices CCD don wuce gona da iri, sarrafa haske kafin ɗaukar hoto yana da matuƙar kyawawa! Mafita kawai a cikin wannan yanayin shine a nuna histogram akan hoton auto, wanda ke bayyana akan allon nan da nan bayan “kama” firam. Yana juya kusan kamar duk dijital SLRs. Ba mai girma ba, amma akalla wani abu. Bugu da ƙari, za ku iya ta'azantar da kanku cewa masu DSLR masu farin ciki suna shan wahala iri ɗaya.

Na yi mamaki kuma na gamsu da aikin “hankali” na tsarin rage amo. Duk kafofin sun nuna cewa rage amo (Dark Frame Substruction) a cikin G6 ana kunna shi a saurin rufewa fiye da 1.3 s. (Bari in tunatar da ku cewa "rage firam ɗin duhu" yana aiki don kawar da pixels "zafi" masu haske waɗanda ke bayyana a jinkirin saurin rufewa.) Duk da haka, bisa ga abin da na gani, Dark Frame yana kunna yayin da matrix ɗin ke zafi. Wato, zaku iya harbi, alal misali, a saurin rufewa na 0.8 s, kuma bayan wasu adadin firam ɗin a cikin gudu iri ɗaya, kamara za ta kunna rage amo. Rage saurin rufewa ko hankali kuma ci gaba da harbi - bayan takamaiman adadin firam ɗin duhun duhu yana nan kuma! Tasirin a zahiri yana bayyana da sauri a mafi girman hankali. Don haka da alama cewa 1.3 s shine ƙimar kofa wanda aka kunna rage amo koda akan matrix mara zafi. Ra'ayi mai ban sha'awa sosai!

Yanayin Av, SuperMacro mayar da hankali (3Mpix), 200 ISO, haske - safiya, farin ma'auni - rana, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -0.3 EV, fallasa 1/100 f/4.0, tsayin tsayi 86mm (daidai.).

Hoton macro

A cikin matsayi mai faɗin kusurwa, ana iya ɗaukar hoto tare da ƙaramin diagonal na 96 mm (girman firam 76.8 x 57.6 mm). Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin tsayi: 70 mm diagonal (firam 56 x 42 mm). Kuma a cikin yanayin SuperMacro, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar hoto ko da ƙasa da sau huɗu: diagonal na 33 mm, firam na 26.4 x 19.8 mm.

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanawa 0.3 f/2.0, Bayyanar Raya +1EV, Tsawon Tsawon 35mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanar 1/2 f/3.0, Bayyanar Raya +1 EV, Tsawon Tsawon 140mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, SuperMacro (3Mpix) mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, farin ma'auni - farar takarda calibration, fallasa 1/2 f/2.5, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto +1 EV, tsayi mai tsayi 86 mm (daidai) (mafi girman yanayin SuperMacro) .

Harbin dare

Gwajin harbin dare na gargajiya. Amo a 200 da 400 ISO yana da kyau sosai. Duk da haka, ya kamata a lura cewa G6 bai fi surutu ba fiye da megapixel takwas Canon Pro1 da muka gwada shekara guda da ta gabata (#7'04).

Yanayin TV, 50 ISO, farin ma'auni - rana, fallasa 5s f/5.6, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -1 EV, tsayi mai tsayi 77mm (daidai.), Tsarin fayil - RAW, juyawa zuwa Canon RAW Task.

p >

100 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/2.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

200 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/3.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

400 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/5.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

Nau'in awo

Amfani da ci gaba da yankuna da yawa, masu matsakaicin nauyi da tabo don yanayin "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske", ya kamata mu sami karuwa a hankali. Don haka shi ne: daga hoto na 1 zuwa hoto na 3, bayyanar yana ƙaruwa, wato, abu na tsakiya (duhu) yana ba da gudummawa mai girma ga bayyanar. Koyaya, an ɗauki hoto 1 (mafi duhu) a cikin yanayin matsakaicin nauyi, kuma an ɗauki hoto 2 (matsakaicin yawan yawa) a cikin yanayin yankuna da yawa. Babu shakka, waɗannan nau'ikan guda biyu sun haɗu a cikin G6.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/250 f/4.0, ma'aunin nauyi na tsakiya

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, 1/160 f/4.0, Multimetering

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/40 f/4.0, auna tabo

Tsawon tsayin tsayin daka na 35-140mm (a cikin 35mm equiv.), kodayake ba mai ban mamaki ba ne, ya isa ga yawancin ayyuka.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, farin ma'auni - Auto, fallasa 1/200 f / 2.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka - 0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 35 mm (daidai).

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, ma'auni fari - Auto, fallasa 1/160 f / 3.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 140 mm (daidai).

Mayar da hankali ga dare

Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa sosai. An yi harbin ne a iyakar iyawar gani, kuma an yi amfani da hasken baya, wanda aka kunna a cikin yanayin "rage ja-jayen ido", a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, a matsayin haske mai sauƙi don neman asu.

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.)

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.) .

Riba

  • Maɗaukaki mai inganci, ruwan tabarau mai sauri (f/2.0-3.0) tare da gyara ɓarna na chromatic.
  • Mafi girman ƙudurin hoto da cikakkun bayanai.
  • Ƙaramar amo.
  • Babban aiwatar da harbi a RAW.
  • Matakin ISO ya fi rabin mataki sama da yadda aka bayyana.
  • Fitar NDx8 na musamman.
  • Takalmi mai zafi don walƙiya na waje, E-TTL.
  • Mai amfani 2" nuni karkata-da-juya
  • Saurin isa ga mafi yawan saitunan harbi.
  • Hannun Ergonomic
  • Batir mai ƙarfi, caji mai sauri.
  • Ingantacciyar girma.
  • An haɗa da sarrafa nesa.

Sakamakon

  • Mayar da hankali ta atomatik yana sannu a hankali.
  • Macro (cikakken ƙuduri).
  • Rashin aiwatar da sarrafa fidda baturi.
  • Babu ​​histogram na "rayuwa".
  • Asara daki-daki kan ƙananan nau'ikan rubutu zuwa JPEG)
  • Ƙarancin saurin kebul na 1.1, ana buƙatar mai karanta kati don jin daɗin aiki tare da kwamfuta.

Kammalawa

Ina tsammanin "dawowar almara" ta faru. Kamara ba kawai ta gaji daga magabata ba duk mafi kyawun halaye, godiya ga wanda G-jerin ya sami ƙaunar masu amfani da mutunta masu fafatawa, amma kuma ya ɗaga waɗannan halaye zuwa sabon matakin. An warware matsaloli da kasawa da yawa ko kuma an rage su sosai. Wasu abubuwa, kash, ba su canza ba. Amma aƙalla babu sababbin matsaloli. Gabaɗaya, juyin halitta a bayyane yake.

Babban daki-daki na Canon PowerShot G6, haɓakar launi mai kyau da ƙaramar amo sun sanya shi daidai da mafi kyawun kyamarori na dijital na yau. Wannan, ba shakka, ba har yanzu matakin DSLR ba ne, amma ingancin hotuna wani lokaci ana iya kwatanta su. Kuma, idan aka yi la'akari da girman matrix da kyakkyawar budewar ruwan tabarau na G6, za mu iya cewa da gaske "matakai a kan diddige" na kasafin kudin DSLRs tare da daidaitattun ruwan tabarau na zuƙowa.

PowerShot G6 shine na waɗanda suke son ɗaukar hotuna masu inganci, amma saboda wasu dalilai ba za su iya ko ba sa so su yi amfani da DSLR: kyamarar tana da haske kuma tana da ƙarfi sosai, kuma nunin swivel yana sa kusurwar harbi ya fi sauƙi. Duk da haka

Canon PowerShot G6. Komawar labari.

Shekaru biyar da suka wuce, a cikin Satumba 2000 (ta hanyar dijital), Canon ya sanar da 3-megapixel PowerShot G1. A matsayin babban samfurin mara madubi a cikin jeri na Canon, G1 shima sabon nau'in kamara ne. Lallai, haɗe-haɗen jikin ɗan adam na kyamarorin mai son tare da babban ruwan tabarau mai inganci (f / 2.0) da goyan baya ga tsarin RAW ya kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin. Matsakaicin matsayi tsakanin mai son da kyamarori masu ƙwararru, G1 an yi niyya ne ga ci gaba, ƙwararrun masu daukar hoto mai son kuma, a zahiri, alama ce ta farkon ajin ƙwararrun ƙwararru (mai siye) CPC.

Tare da sabuntawa na shekara-shekara tun daga wannan lokacin, jerin G ya zama ba kawai almara na gaske ba, samun masu bin aminci, amma har ma mafi tsayin gudu a cikin duniyar ɗaukar hoto na dijital. Ragewar yanayi mai canzawa ba ze taɓa wannan ra'ayi ba - jiki iri ɗaya, kyakkyawan ruwan tabarau, tallafin RAW da ingancin hoto mai kyau

Canon G6 ƙayyadaddun bayanai

Sensor
1/1.8" CCD, 7.1M pixels, firikwensin launi na farko (RGB)
Tsarin fayil < br/>RAW, JPEG (Exif 2.2) tare da Super Fine, Fine, matsawa na al'ada
Bidiyo - AVI [Motion JPEG + WAVE (mono)]
Shariɗɗan Tallafawa
3072 x 2304 ( L) - 7 MPix, 2592 x 1944 (M1) - 5 MPix,
2048 x 1536 (M2) - 3 MPix, 1600 x 1200 (M3) - 2 MPix, 640 x 480 (S) - VGA
Lens
Canon 7.2-28.8mm (35-140mm a cikin 35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 (har zuwa f/8.0)
8 abubuwa a cikin ƙungiyoyi 7 ( 2 abubuwan aspherical)
Hanyoyin mayar da hankali
TTL bambanci autofocus, 9-aya AiAF
1-maki AF (kowane matsayi ko kafaffen cibiyar). Juyin-frame autofocus, ci gaba da autofocus. Hannun Hannun Hannu
Kewayon Mayar da hankali
Misali: 50 cm zuwa mara iyaka
Macro: 15 cm zuwa 50 cm
Super macro: 5 cm zuwa 50 cm
Mitar fallasa
Yankuna da yawa, matsakaicin nauyi, cibiyar tabo ko wurin mayar da hankali.Rayya +/- 2 EV a cikin 1/3-tsayawa karuwa
Shirye-shiryen fallasa
Auto, Shirye-shiryen auto (P), fifikon Shutter (Tv), fifikon budewa (Av), Manual (M), Yanayin Scene (Portrait, Landscape, Night Hoton, Panorama), 2 mai iya daidaita yanayin mai amfani
Shutter
Haɗin injin lantarki, 1-1/2000 s ( har zuwa 15 s a cikin Yanayin TV da M), babu fallasa kwan fitila
Sauyi
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400 ISO
White balance. /strong>
Auto, saitattu 6, daidaitawar hannu (zaɓi 2)
Timer
10 s, 2 s
Flash >
Gina ciki, lambar jagora 5.0
Halaye: Auto, tilastawa, rage jajayen ido, jinkirin daidaitawa (labule na 1 ko na 2), kashe .
Pulse Compensation: +/- 2 EV a cikin matakai 1/3.
Aiki tare da filasha na waje E-TTL Speedlite EX Series
Mai gani
Na gani, mai zuƙowa
Nuni
LCD
2.0" TFT launi karkata-da-juya nuni, 118,000 pixels

Don haka, a gabana akwai alamar G-jerin yau - 7-megapixel Canon PowerShot G6. An sanar da kyamarar a ƙarshen watan Agustan bara kuma ta bayyana a cikin shagunan mu bayan watanni biyu. Gabaɗaya, fitowar G6 ya zama abin da ba a zata ba. Bari in tunatar da ku: a cikin Fabrairu 2004, Canon ya saki takwas-megapixel PowerShot Pro1, wanda jama'a suka dauka a matsayin wanda zai maye gurbin PowerShot G5 wanda bai yi nasara ba. Da alama ba za a ci gaba da G-jerin ba. Amma a watan Agusta, kamar yadda aka tsara, Canon ya sanar da G6, wanda (oh, tsoro!) Yana amfani da sabon firikwensin 7-megapixel daga Sony. Gaskiyar ita ce, mutane da yawa sun fahimci wannan matrix da shakku sosai - megapixel 1 kawai ƙasa da manyan matrices, tare da ƙaramin ƙarami: 1/1.8 da inci 2/3. Yana da ma'ana don tsammanin cewa wannan zai haifar da haɓakar hayaniya da raguwa a ainihin ƙudurin matrix.

Abin farin ciki, tsoro na bai da tushe. Amma da farko abubuwan farko…

Kira da ergonomics

Riƙe bai taɓa zama maƙasudi mai ƙarfi na jerin G ba. The classic rectangular "bulo" za a iya gafarta saboda m, amma idan kamara ne nauyi, ya zama m riko da shi. Kuma ko da yake rike da hankali ya karu daga G1 zuwa G3 (G5), ergonomics na su ya haifar da zargi. Samfuran Pro1 sun fi kyau, kodayake ba cikakke ba (duba PD No. 7'04). Kuma a ƙarshe, ci gaba! Kyamarar ta dace daidai a cikin hannu, an rufe hannun da roba kuma yana da haɓaka sama da yatsunsu a cikin babba - ƙugiya yana da tabbaci, ba ya zamewa, koda kuwa kun riƙe shi da hannu ɗaya. Duk da haka, kamarar tana da nauyi, kamar waɗanda suka gabace ta, kusan gram 500, don haka za ku iya riƙe ta da hannu ɗaya, amma ba dadewa ba.

Daga waje, kyamarar tana kama da Pro1 da aka sake fasalin dan kadan tare da ruwan tabarau daga G3 (G5). Mummuna babu isashen wurin hannun hagu. A kan Pro1 ya dace don ɗaukar kyamarar ƙarƙashin ruwan tabarau, kamar DSLR, amma akan G6 wannan baya aiki - ruwan tabarau ya fi ƙanƙanta kuma yana motsawa lokacin zuƙowa. Ya rage kawai don riƙe ga mandrel kusa da gindin ruwan tabarau. Koyaya, nan da nan na dunƙule adaftar LA-DC58D gare shi (tare da zaren 58 mm don masu tacewa da haɗe-haɗe na gani) - wannan babbar hanya ce ta fita. Amma adaftan, kash, ba a haɗa shi a cikin kit ɗin kuma ana siyar da shi daban.

Gaban kyamara da murfin allo an yi su da ƙarfe ne, bayan kuma an yi su da filastik. Yatsa mai maƙasudin yana kwantar da hankali a kan maɓallin rufewa, wanda ke kan saman madaidaicin gaba na hannun. A gaban maballin sakin rufewa akwai lefa mai zuƙowa, kuma a bayansa akwai bugun kiran umarni - juyawa bugun kiran yana zaɓar ƙimar zaɓuɓɓuka daban-daban, kuma danna shi yana tabbatar da zaɓin. Af, faifan, a ganina, ya fi dacewa fiye da Pro1 ko Canon DSLRs, saboda a nan ba a tsaye ba, amma an karkatar da 45o gaba.

An matsar da bugun kiran yanayin harbi har abada zuwa sashin baya. Yanzu shi ne karfe, tare da dunƙule baki, kamar yadda yake a kan kyamarori na fina-finai na gargajiya, tare da tsayayyen matsayi, wanda aka canza tare da babban yatsan hannun dama.

Ana iya canza yawancin saitunan harbi na asali ba tare da shigar da menu ba, ta amfani da maɓalli na musamman a jikin kyamara. A saman akwai maɓallai don sarrafa yanayin walƙiya, canza nau'in ma'aunin faɗakarwa, da kuma sauyawa tsakanin harbi ɗaya, fashewar harbi da jinkirin lokacin kai. Hakanan akwai nunin monochrome wanda ke nuna manyan sigogin harbi, maɓalli don kunna hasken baya da kuma takalmi don haɗa filasha E-TTL. A baya akwai maɓallai don yanayin macro, kulle mayar da hankali da kuma mai da hankali kan hannu. Af, ana yin aikin mai da hankali ta hanyar jujjuya bugun kira, wanda ya dace sosai.Bugu da ƙari, akwai maɓallai a gefen baya don sarrafa yanayin autofocus (maki 9, 1-maki, yanki mai motsi), don sarrafa nunin bayanai akan nunin, don shigar da menu na harbi, don kiran kyamara. menu na zaɓuka, da kuma hanyar joystick mai hawa huɗu. Ana amfani da shi don matsawa cikin menu, zaɓi wurin mayar da hankali, kuma a cikin yanayin harbi, kibiyanta ta sama tana ba ku damar shigar da diyya, kuma kibiya ƙasa tana kiran saitunan ma'auni na fari. Idan har yanzu yana yiwuwa a sanya wasu ƙarin ayyuka da ake amfani da su akai-akai zuwa kiban "dama / hagu" (kamar yadda ake yi a wasu kyamarori na masu fafatawa), to ana iya kiran ikon sarrafa na'urar gaba ɗaya.

A cikin kusurwar dama ta sama na rukunin baya, kusa da babban yatsan hannu, akwai maɓallin makulli (kulle AE). Af, a cikin yanayin "Programmable Machine" (P), ta kunna makullin AE da jujjuya bugun kira, zaku iya canza saurin rufewa da nau'ikan buɗe ido. Kuma a saman wannan maɓallin akwai faifan lever mai ƙarfi tare da ƙarin maɓallin kullewa. Ta danna maɓallin da karkatar da lever zuwa dama, muna kunna kyamara a yanayin harbi, ta hanyar karkatar da shi zuwa hagu, mu canza zuwa firam ɗin kallo. Ana kashe kyamarar da maɓalli a tsakiyar diski. Kamata ya kamata a ka'ida ta kare kariya daga haɗa kai tsaye, amma a aikace, kamara wani lokacin har yanzu tana sarrafa kunna lokacin da kuka saka ta cikin ƙaramin akwati ko fitar da ita. To, idan kawai a cikin yanayin kallo - ruwan tabarau ba ya shimfiɗa, amma in ba haka ba. Wannan sanannen tsarin da ba shi da kyau shi ma an gadar shi ne daga G3 (G5) da kuma Pro1, kuma ma’anar amfani da shi bai fito fili ba, domin ba a amfani da shi a cikin layukan kyamarar Canon mai rahusa ko tsada. Zai zama mafi ma'ana idan kun kunna kyamarar ta amfani da maɓallin da aka ajiye a cikin jiki, da tsara kallon faifan ta amfani da wani maɓalli, wanda ya fi sauƙi da sauri, kuma masu fafatawa sun yi kuskure.

Kuma a ƙarshe, nunin LCD mai inch 2 karkata-da-juya. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi, wannan ƙira ya dace lokacin harbi daga kusurwoyi marasa ƙarfi da babba, duka a cikin hoto da yanayin shimfidar wuri? Ta hanyar juya allon zuwa ruwan tabarau, zaku iya ɗaukar hoto mai ɗaukar hoto ko, ta hanyar hawa kamara a kan tudu, hoton kanku tare da dangi ko abokai. Anan shine wurin da aka haɗa remote control ya zo da amfani. Mai duba kyamarar na gani ne, tare da yuwuwar gyara diopter +/-2 DS. Gaskiya ne, ɗaukar hoto kusan kashi 85% na firam ɗin ne kawai, don haka amfani da mai duba zai zama barata ne kawai lokacin da kuke buƙatar adana batura, kuma a cikin yanayin fashe mai sauri lokacin da aka kashe allon LCD.

Af, game da baturi. G6 yana amfani da baturan lithium-ion na BP-511A iri ɗaya, tare da ɗan ƙaramin ƙarfi (1390mAh), kodayake tsoffin za su yi. Cajin yawanci yana ɗaukar mintuna 90-100, kuma baturin ya isa, bisa ga abin da na lura, don firam 300, kodayake wannan, ba shakka, ya dogara da salon harbi. Kuma a nan wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa yana jiran mu - alamar rabin fitar da baturin yana bayyana akan allon a zahiri firam goma sha biyu kafin ya ƙare gaba ɗaya. Koyaya, kash, wannan sifa ce ta “mallaka” na yawancin Canon DSCs. Tushen matsalar da alama sun ta'allaka ne a cikin gine-gine na Canon DIGIC processor.

Lens

An tsara asali don 4-megapixel G3, 4x 35-140mm (35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 zuƙowa ruwan tabarau yana da kyau sosai cewa injiniyoyin Canon sun sami damar sake amfani da shi. Ƙimar gani na ruwan tabarau ya juya ya isa ya bayyana cikakken yuwuwar matrix megapixel 7, kuma ta fuskar buɗaɗɗen rabo har yanzu ya fi abokan hamayyarsa da kusan mataki ɗaya (1 EV).

Ruwan tabarau yana ba da mafi girman kaifi da daki-daki a matsakaicin madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗewa da matsakaici, sannan tasirin diffraction ya fara tasiri, kuma hoton ya ɗan yi duhu. Vignetting a cikin wannan yanayin yana kan gab da rarrabewa. Karɓar ganga tana da ƙanƙanta sosai a kusurwoyi masu faɗi, kuma kusan babu shi a dogon mai da hankali. Idan aka kwatanta da G5, chromatic aberration ya ragu sosai - a fili saboda sabbin kayan ruwan tabarau, saboda ƙirar ruwan tabarau kanta bai canza ba.

Matsakaicin tsayin daka, bisa ga ma'auni na yau, kodayake ba abin mamaki bane, ya isa sosai don magance yawancin matsaloli. Baya ga zuƙowa na gani, akwai zuƙowa na dijital 4x. Ingancin zuƙowa yana kwatankwacin saɓanin bicubic a cikin Adobe Photoshop. Don haka, ana iya ba da shawarar zuƙowa dijital da kyau idan ba ku da ikon sarrafa hotuna akan kwamfuta, ko kuma idan kuna da niyyar buga hotuna daga kyamarar ku kai tsaye zuwa firintar PictBridge mai jituwa.

Amma ikon macro na ruwan tabarau, a zahiri, sun fi rauni. Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin daka, sannan girman firam ɗin shine 56x42 mm (diagonal 70 mm), wanda shine kusan santimita girma fiye da daidaitaccen akwatin wasa. A lokaci guda kuma, akwai raguwa a cikin kaifi a cikin sasanninta. Amma a nan Canon yana da ɗan dabaru a cikin kantin sayar da - yanayin SuperMacro. A cikin wannan yanayin, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar abu sau huɗu ƙarami - 26.4x19.8 mm (diagonal 33 mm). Gaskiya ne, za ku yi hadaya da ƙudurin hoton sau biyu: 3 megapixels (2048x1536) maimakon 7. Da alama cewa wannan ba kawai amfanin gona daga babban firam ba, amma fasaha na gani na gaskiya - lokacin da aka kunna SuperMacro, sautin sautin. injin sake gina ruwan tabarau a fili yana jin sauti a cikin ruwan tabarau, sa'an nan kuma ya zama mai yiwuwa a mai da hankali daga ɗan gajeren nesa, kuma zurfin filin yana raguwa daidai gwargwado. Ana iya haifar da amfanin gona ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa ruwan tabarau a cikin wannan yanayin ba zai iya "fadada" hoton a duk faɗin matrix ba. Duk da haka, yana da daraja - ana samun macro shots masu kyau sosai, kuma ƙwaƙƙwaran duk filin firam ɗin ya zama mai kyau.

Wani fasali mai ban sha'awa na G6 shine ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8. Yana "snaps" cikin tsarin gani akan umarni daga menu kuma yana rage hasken haske da sau 8. Wato, godiya ga wannan tacewa, zaku iya buɗe buɗewar ta matakai 3, ko kuma ƙara saurin rufewa da matakai 3. Ma'anar waɗannan magudi, ina fata, a bayyane yake ga kowa. Idan kana buƙatar amfani da wasu masu tacewa ko abubuwan da aka makala, dole ne ka sayi adaftar Canon LA-DC58D ko mai dacewa (an ƙaddamar da sakin su), wanda zai iya zama mai rahusa.

Kyawun hoto

Kamar yadda na ambata, PowerShot G6 yana amfani da firikwensin 7-megapixel 1/1.8-inch (7.2 x 5.3 mm) mafi girma zuwa yau. Wannan ita ce firikwensin da Sony ya ƙera, wanda aka shigar, misali, a cikin Sony CyberShot DSC-V3 (PD # 12'04), Casio Exilim EX-P700 (PD # 11'04) da wasu kyamarori da yawa. Sabanin hasashe na rashin rashin tabbas, sabon matrix, ko da yake an sanya shi ƙasa da mataki ɗaya, ya zama, gabaɗaya, bai fi 8-megapixel 2/3" ɗan shekara biyu ba. Bugu da ƙari, duk da ƙarami. Girman, hasken hasken matrix ya ɗan ƙara ƙaruwa: ainihin hankali ga G6 shine rabin tasha (1/2 EV) sama da wanda aka bayyana kuma shine ISO 80-160-320-640 bi da bi.

Tabbas, harbin da aka yi a yanayin ISO 400 suna da hayaniya sosai. Duk da haka, lokacin da na ajiye wannan hoton a cikin tsarin RAW kuma in kwatanta shi (a kan allon kwamfuta) da abin da ya fito a cikin JPEG, na yi mamaki sosai: babu alamar ƙazantattun launi da kuma baƙar fata "waƙafi" a cikin tashar haske! Haka ne, har ila yau amo yana cikin RAW, amma a nan, ba a tsanantawa ta hanyar sarrafa kyamara da kuma matsawa algorithms ba, yana da karami, ya fi dacewa kuma yana kama da fim din "hatsi" - irin wannan hayaniya ba ta da haushi ko kadan, zaka iya barin shi. kamar yadda yake, kuma idan kuna so, ana iya cire shi cikin sauƙi ta amfani da editan hoto.

A zahiri, aikin G6 tare da RAW "digital negatives" ya cancanci duk yabo! Na farko, ba kamar G5 ba, yana yiwuwa a canza ƙudurin kwafin JPEG, wanda aka ƙara zuwa RAW kuma yana aiki don kallo mai sauri akan allon kyamara. G5 daidai gwargwado ya sanya hoton 640x480, wanda yayi kyau ga ƙananan hotuna kawai, amma bai da amfani gabaɗaya lokacin da zaku zuƙowa kan nunin don jin daɗin kaifinsa. Yanzu za ku iya zaɓar kowane nau'in tsarin da kyamara ke goyan bayan. A aikace, 1600x1200 ya riga ya taimaka sosai, ba tare da ambaton cikakken girman 3072x2304 ba. Ciniki-kashe don dacewa shine, ba shakka, haɓaka daidaitaccen girman girman fayil. A gefe guda, Canon yana matsa fayilolin RAW don haka suna da ƙanƙanta, sau 2 zuwa 2.5 kawai girman madaidaicin ingancin JPEG.

Na biyu, kyamarar tana sanye take da faffadan buffer mai fa'ida wanda zai iya ɗaukar aƙalla firam ɗin RAW 5 ko kusan dozin mafi ingancin JPEGs. Sabili da haka, lokacin harbi firam guda ɗaya a cikin RAW, ba za ku fuskanci wani rashin jin daɗi da jinkiri kwata-kwata - kamara tana shirye don firam na gaba da sauri kamar yadda aka saba, yayin yin rikodin zuwa katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, a halin yanzu, yana faruwa a bango. Ko da fashe yanayin yana samuwa, kuma a daidai wannan gudun kamar yadda na JPEG, game da 0.6 frame / s (ko 1 firam a cikin 1.5 s), amma Frames a cikin jerin ne sau 2 kasa da - duk guda 5 Kuma kawai high-gudun ci gaba. harbi a tsarin RAW ba ya samuwa, adadin wutar ya kasance iri ɗaya, yayin da a cikin JPEG kyamarar ta harba kusan firam 1.6 / s.

SuperFine JPEGs kusan suna da inganci kamar RAWs, tare da ingantacciyar kaifi da cikakkun bayanai. Duk da haka, ban da ikon da aka ambata a sama don "nanata" amo a babban ISO, wanda ya dace da yawancin DSCs (kuma ɗayan zaɓin yana haskaka hoton), G6 yana da fasalin guda ɗaya. A kan firam ɗin a cikin JPEG, zaku iya lura da ɓarkewar ƙananan ƙananan bayanai. Mafi sau da yawa, asarar daki-daki yana bayyana akan ƙaƙƙarfan kafet na ciyawa ko ganyayen bishiya, akan sigar abubuwa da gine-gine. A lokaci guda, cikakkun bayanai masu bambanta, har ma da mafi ƙanƙanta, sun kasance masu kaifi. Wannan tasirin yana faruwa ne ta hanyar aikin tsarin rage amo ko kuma sakamakon aikin takamaiman algorithm matsa lamba - ba zan iya faɗi ba. Af, ana kuma lura da wannan a wasu kyamarori na Canon.

A kowane hali, idan kuna son samun mafi kyawun hoto, yakamata kuyi amfani da RAW. Yana rage tasirin amo, yana isar da cikakken daki-daki, faffadan kewayo mai ƙarfi, da babban sassauƙa wajen gyara fallasa da kurakuran ma'auni na fari. Abin farin ciki, da farko zabar RAW ba lallai ba ne! Kuna iya yin harbi a cikin JPEG, kuma, bayan ɗaukar firam ɗin alhakin, dole ne ku danna maɓallin Falsh nan da nan bayan haka, kuma za a sa ku ajiye wannan firam ɗin a cikin tsarin RAW. Ya dace sosai.

Aiki ta atomatik

Haɗin kai na kyamara yana haifar da kusan babu korafe-korafe. Ma'aunin fari ta atomatik yana sarrafa kowane nau'in hasken halitta da na wucin gadi tare da amincewa. Banda, a al'ada, su ne fitilun gida na yau da kullun - hoton yana da "dumi". Kuma hanyar fita ta al'ada ita ce amfani da ma'auni na fari da aka saita, kuma da kyau wanda aka daidaita. Af, kamara tana ba ku damar tunawa da ƙima biyu na WB kuma kuyi saurin canzawa tsakanin su.

Ma'amalar fallasa daidai ne kuma karko, wanda ake tsammanin daga ci-gaba CTC. Kyamara tana ba da zaɓi na daidaitattun nau'ikan ma'auni guda uku: Multi-zone (ƙimantawa a cikin Canon terminology), matsakaici-ma'auni da tabo (ana iya daidaita shi a tsakiya, ko motsawa tare da wurin mayar da hankali).

Abin takaici, kuskuren "mallaka" tare da nau'ikan ƙididdiga yana tare da mu. An san shekaru da yawa yanzu cewa an haɗu da ma'aunin yanki da yawa da na tsakiya a cikin Canon DSC. Wannan ya shafi duk kyamarori akan na'urar sarrafa DIGIC. Ee, kuma tare da Canon 350D, wanda ke amfani da DIGIC-II, labarin iri ɗaya. Ya isa a kalli fallasa harbe-harbe kamar "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske" (ko akasin haka) don gano rashin daidaituwa.

Amma ku kula da gumakan:

  • multizone (mai kimantawa)
  • masu nauyi na tsakiya
  • digo

Na farko yana aiki kamar na tsakiya mai nauyi, kuma na biyu yana aiki kamar yanki mai yawa. Kuma gumakan sun dace da ainihin halin da ake ciki! Akwai rudani a cikin bayanin kamara, a cikin firmware da kuma a cikin EXIF ​​​​hoton.

To, ni da kai mun san wannan "fasalin" kuma a cikin P, TV, Av da M yanayin za mu iya zaɓar daidai nau'in mita. Abin takaici, a cikin yanayin atomatik da shirye-shiryen batutuwa, nau'ikan suma suna gauraye, kuma ba zai yuwu a ƙara yin tasiri ga wannan ba. Ya rage kawai don gabatar da gyare-gyare ga fallasa kuma ... jira amsar Canon, wanda, duk da haka, ya ci gaba da yin watsi da matsalar.

Dan ɓacin rai tare da saurin autofocus. Da alama G6 yana mai da hankali akan kusan gudu ɗaya da Pro1, kuma wannan shine, gabaɗaya, matsakaicin matakin ga waɗanda ba madubi DSCs. Amma yana da ma'ana don tsammanin wani abu "fiye da matsakaici" daga kyamarar wannan ajin! Kuma dole ne in yarda cewa G6 yana da mafi saurin mayar da hankali a cikin kyamarori bakwai na gaba.

A lokaci guda, ingancin autofocus yana da kyau sosai. A kan titin, a cikin yanayin haske mai kyau, babu kuskure da gazawa. Yayin da matakin haske ya faɗi, ƙarfin mai da hankali yana raguwa a hankali, da farko yana bayyana kansa a matsakaicin tsayin daka, musamman a cikin gida. Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2 m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa da yawa. G6 yana da niyyar mai da hankali kan sabanin layukan tsaye - yana kama da duk na'urorin firikwensin sa a kwance kuma babu giciye guda ɗaya, har ma a tsakiyar. Ya kamata a tuna da wannan, idan kawai saboda a cikin yanayi mai wahala, lokacin da kyamara ba ta son mayar da hankali ta kowace hanya, yana iya isa ya juya shi 45o ko 90o, "kama" mayar da hankali, sannan mayar da shi zuwa matsayinsa na asali. kuma a dauki hoto.

Wani al'adar Canon mara kyau ita ce rashin tarihin "rayuwa" a yanayin harbi. Kuma saboda rashin son matrices CCD don wuce gona da iri, sarrafa haske kafin ɗaukar hoto yana da matuƙar kyawawa! Mafita kawai a cikin wannan yanayin shine a nuna histogram akan hoton auto, wanda ke bayyana akan allon nan da nan bayan “kama” firam. Yana juya kusan kamar duk dijital SLRs. Ba mai girma ba, amma akalla wani abu. Bugu da ƙari, za ku iya ta'azantar da kanku cewa masu DSLR masu farin ciki suna shan wahala iri ɗaya.

Na yi mamaki kuma na gamsu da aikin “hankali” na tsarin rage amo. Duk kafofin sun nuna cewa rage amo (Dark Frame Substruction) a cikin G6 ana kunna shi a saurin rufewa fiye da 1.3 s. (Bari in tunatar da ku cewa "rage firam ɗin duhu" yana aiki don kawar da pixels "zafi" masu haske waɗanda ke bayyana a jinkirin saurin rufewa.) Duk da haka, bisa ga abin da na gani, Dark Frame yana kunna yayin da matrix ɗin ke zafi. Wato, zaku iya harbi, alal misali, a saurin rufewa na 0.8 s, kuma bayan wasu adadin firam ɗin a cikin gudu iri ɗaya, kamara za ta kunna rage amo. Rage saurin rufewa ko hankali kuma ci gaba da harbi - bayan takamaiman adadin firam ɗin duhun duhu yana nan kuma! Tasirin a zahiri yana bayyana da sauri a mafi girman hankali. Don haka da alama cewa 1.3 s shine ƙimar kofa wanda aka kunna rage amo koda akan matrix mara zafi. Ra'ayi mai ban sha'awa sosai!

Yanayin Av, SuperMacro (3Mpix) mayar da hankali, 200 ISO, walƙiya - safiya, farin ma'auni - rana, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -0.3 EV, fallasa 1/100 f/4.0, tsayin tsayi 86mm (daidai.).

Hoton macro

A cikin matsayi mai faɗin kusurwa, ana iya ɗaukar hoto tare da ƙaramin diagonal na 96 mm (girman firam 76.8 x 57.6 mm). Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin tsayi: diagonal 70 mm (firam 56 x 42 mm). Kuma a cikin yanayin SuperMacro, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar hoto ko da ƙasa da sau huɗu: diagonal na 33 mm, firam na 26.4 x 19.8 mm.

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanawa 0.3 f/2.0, Bayyanar Raya +1EV, Tsawon Tsawon 35mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanar 1/2 f/3.0, Bayyanar Raya +1 EV, Tsawon Tsawon 140mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, SuperMacro Focus (3Mpix), ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Exposure 1/2 f/2.5, Exposure Compensation +1 EV, Focal Length 86mm (Eq.) (Mafi girman don yanayin SuperMacro).

Harbin dare

Gwajin harbin dare na gargajiya. Amo a 200 da 400 ISO yana da kyau sosai. Duk da haka, ya kamata a lura cewa G6 bai fi surutu ba fiye da 8-megapixel Canon Pro1 da muka gwada shekara guda da ta gabata (#7'04).

Yanayin TV, 50 ISO, farin ma'auni - rana, fallasa 5s f/5.6, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -1 EV, tsayi mai tsayi 77mm (daidai.), Tsarin fayil - RAW, juyawa zuwa Canon RAW Task.

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100 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/2.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

200 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/3.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

400 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/5.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

Nau'in awo

Amfani da ci gaba da yankuna da yawa, masu matsakaicin nauyi da tabo don yanayin "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske", ya kamata mu sami karuwa a hankali. Don haka shi ne: daga hoto na 1 zuwa hoto na 3, bayyanar yana ƙaruwa, wato, abu na tsakiya (duhu) yana ba da gudummawa mai girma ga bayyanar. Koyaya, an ɗauki hoto 1 (mafi duhu) a cikin yanayin awo na tsakiya, kuma an ɗauki hoto 2 (matsakaicin ƙima) cikin yanayin yankuna da yawa. Babu shakka, waɗannan nau'ikan guda biyu sun haɗu a cikin G6.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/250 f/4.0, ma'aunin nauyi na tsakiya

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, 1/160 f/4.0, Multimetering

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/40 f/4.0, auna tabo

Tsawon tsayin tsayin daka na 35-140mm (a cikin 35mm equiv.), kodayake ba mai ban mamaki ba ne, ya isa ga yawancin ayyuka.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, farin ma'auni - Auto, fallasa 1/200 f / 2.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka - 0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 35 mm (daidai).

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, ma'auni fari - Auto, fallasa 1/160 f / 3.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 140 mm (daidai).

Mayar da hankali ga dare

Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa sosai. An yi harbin ne a iyakar iyawar gani, kuma an yi amfani da hasken baya, wanda aka kunna a cikin yanayin "rage ja-jayen ido", a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, a matsayin haske mai sauƙi don neman asu.

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.)

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.) .

Riba

  • Maɗaukaki mai inganci, ruwan tabarau mai sauri (f/2.0-3.0) tare da gyara ɓarna na chromatic.
  • Mafi girman ƙudurin hoto da cikakkun bayanai.
  • Ƙaramar amo.
  • Babban aiwatar da harbi a RAW.
  • Matakin ISO ya fi rabin mataki sama da yadda aka bayyana.
  • Fitar NDx8 na musamman.
  • Takalmi mai zafi don walƙiya na waje, E-TTL.
  • Mai amfani 2" nuni karkata-da-juya
  • Saurin isa ga mafi yawan saitunan harbi.
  • Hannun Ergonomic
  • Batir mai ƙarfi, caji mai sauri.
  • Ingantacciyar girma.
  • An haɗa da sarrafa nesa.

Sakamakon

  • Mayar da hankali ta atomatik yana sannu a hankali.
  • Macro (cikakken ƙuduri).
  • Rashin aiwatar da sarrafa fidda baturi.
  • Babu ​​histogram na "rayuwa".
  • Asara daki-daki kan ƙananan nau'ikan rubutu zuwa JPEG)
  • Ƙarancin saurin kebul na 1.1, ana buƙatar mai karanta kati don jin daɗin aiki tare da kwamfuta.

Kammalawa

Ina tsammanin "dawowar almara" ta faru. Kamara ba kawai ta gaji daga magabata ba duk mafi kyawun halaye, godiya ga wanda G-jerin ya sami ƙaunar masu amfani da mutunta masu fafatawa, amma kuma ya ɗaga waɗannan halaye zuwa sabon matakin. An warware matsaloli da kasawa da yawa ko kuma an rage su sosai. Wasu abubuwa, kash, ba su canza ba. Amma aƙalla babu sababbin matsaloli. Gabaɗaya, juyin halitta a bayyane yake.

Babban daki-daki na Canon PowerShot G6, haɓakar launi mai kyau da ƙaramar amo sun sanya shi daidai da mafi kyawun kyamarori na dijital na yau. Wannan, ba shakka, ba har yanzu matakin DSLR ba ne, amma ingancin hotuna wani lokaci ana iya kwatanta su. Kuma, idan aka yi la'akari da girman matrix da kyakkyawar budewar ruwan tabarau na G6, za mu iya cewa da gaske "matakai a kan diddige" na kasafin kudin DSLRs tare da daidaitattun ruwan tabarau na zuƙowa.

PowerShot G6 shine na waɗanda suke son ɗaukar hotuna masu inganci, amma saboda wasu dalilai ba za su iya ko ba sa so su yi amfani da DSLR: kyamarar tana da haske kuma tana da ƙarfi sosai, kuma nunin swivel yana sa kusurwar harbi ya fi sauƙi. Duk da haka

Canon PowerShot G6. Komawar labari.

Shekaru biyar da suka wuce, a cikin Satumba 2000 (ta hanyar dijital), Canon ya sanar da 3-megapixel PowerShot G1. A matsayin babban samfurin mara madubi a cikin jeri na Canon, G1 shima sabon nau'in kamara ne. Lallai, haɗe-haɗen jikin ɗan adam na kyamarorin mai son tare da babban ruwan tabarau mai inganci (f / 2.0) da goyan baya ga tsarin RAW ya kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin. Matsakaicin matsayi tsakanin mai son da kyamarori masu ƙwararru, G1 an yi niyya ne ga ci gaba, ƙwararrun masu daukar hoto mai son kuma, a zahiri, alama ce ta farkon ajin ƙwararrun ƙwararru (mai siye) CPC.

Tare da sabuntawa na shekara-shekara tun daga wannan lokacin, jerin G ya zama ba kawai almara na gaske ba, samun masu bin aminci, amma har ma mafi tsayin gudu a cikin duniyar ɗaukar hoto na dijital. Ragewar yanayi mai canzawa ba ze taɓa wannan ra'ayi ba - jiki iri ɗaya, kyakkyawan ruwan tabarau, tallafin RAW da ingancin hoto mai kyau

Canon G6 ƙayyadaddun bayanai

Sensor
1/1.8" CCD, 7.1M pixels, firikwensin launi na farko (RGB)
Tsarin fayil < br/>RAW, JPEG (Exif 2.2) tare da Super Fine, Fine, matsawa na al'ada
Bidiyo - AVI [Motion JPEG + WAVE (mono)]
Shariɗɗan Tallafawa
3072 x 2304 ( L) - 7 MPix, 2592 x 1944 (M1) - 5 MPix,
2048 x 1536 (M2) - 3 MPix, 1600 x 1200 (M3) - 2 MPix, 640 x 480 (S) - VGA
Lens
Canon 7.2-28.8mm (35-140mm a cikin 35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 (har zuwa f/8.0)
8 abubuwa a cikin ƙungiyoyi 7 ( 2 abubuwan aspherical)
Hanyoyin mayar da hankali
TTL bambanci autofocus, 9-aya AiAF
1-maki AF (kowane matsayi ko kafaffen cibiyar). Juyin-frame autofocus, ci gaba da autofocus. Hannun Hannun Hannu
Kewayon Mayar da hankali
Misali: 50 cm zuwa mara iyaka
Macro: 15 cm zuwa 50 cm
Super macro: 5 cm zuwa 50 cm
Mitar fallasa
Yankuna da yawa, matsakaicin nauyi, cibiyar tabo ko wurin mayar da hankali.Rayya +/- 2 EV a cikin 1/3-tsayawa karuwa
Shirye-shiryen fallasa
Auto, Shirye-shiryen auto (P), fifikon Shutter (Tv), fifikon budewa (Av), Manual (M), Yanayin Scene (Portrait, Landscape, Night Hoton, Panorama), 2 mai iya daidaita yanayin mai amfani
Shutter
Haɗin injin lantarki, 1-1/2000 s ( har zuwa 15 s a cikin Yanayin TV da M), babu fallasa kwan fitila
Sauyi
Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400 ISO
White balance. /strong>
Auto, saitattu 6, daidaitawar hannu (zaɓi 2)
Timer
10 s, 2 s
Flash >
Gina ciki, lambar jagora 5.0
Halaye: Auto, tilastawa, rage jajayen ido, jinkirin daidaitawa (labule na 1 ko na 2), kashe .
Pulse Compensation: +/- 2 EV a cikin matakai 1/3.
Aiki tare da filasha na waje E-TTL Speedlite EX Series
Mai gani
Na gani, mai zuƙowa
Nuni
LCD
2.0" TFT launi karkata-da-juya nuni, 118,000 pixels

Don haka, a gabana akwai alamar G-jerin yau - 7-megapixel Canon PowerShot G6. An sanar da kyamarar a ƙarshen watan Agustan bara kuma ta bayyana a cikin shagunan mu bayan watanni biyu. Gabaɗaya, fitowar G6 ya zama abin da ba a zata ba. Bari in tunatar da ku: a cikin Fabrairu 2004, Canon ya saki takwas-megapixel PowerShot Pro1, wanda jama'a suka dauka a matsayin wanda zai maye gurbin PowerShot G5 wanda bai yi nasara ba. Da alama ba za a ci gaba da G-jerin ba. Amma a watan Agusta, kamar yadda aka tsara, Canon ya sanar da G6, wanda (oh, tsoro!) Yana amfani da sabon firikwensin 7-megapixel daga Sony. Gaskiyar ita ce, mutane da yawa sun fahimci wannan matrix da shakku sosai - megapixel 1 kawai ƙasa da manyan matrices, tare da ƙaramin ƙarami: 1/1.8 da inci 2/3. Yana da ma'ana don tsammanin cewa wannan zai haifar da haɓakar hayaniya da raguwa a ainihin ƙudurin matrix.

Abin farin ciki, tsoro na bai da tushe. Amma da farko abubuwan farko…

Kira da ergonomics

Riƙe bai taɓa zama maƙasudi mai ƙarfi na jerin G ba. The classic rectangular "bulo" za a iya gafarta saboda m, amma idan kamara ne nauyi, ya zama m riko da shi. Kuma ko da yake rike da hankali ya karu daga G1 zuwa G3 (G5), ergonomics na su ya haifar da zargi. Samfuran Pro1 sun fi kyau, kodayake ba cikakke ba (duba PD No. 7'04). Kuma a ƙarshe, ci gaba! Kyamarar ta dace daidai a cikin hannu, an rufe hannun da roba kuma yana da haɓaka sama da yatsunsu a cikin babba - ƙugiya yana da tabbaci, ba ya zamewa, koda kuwa kun riƙe shi da hannu ɗaya. Duk da haka, kamarar tana da nauyi, kamar waɗanda suka gabace ta, kusan gram 500, don haka za ku iya riƙe ta da hannu ɗaya, amma ba dadewa ba.

Daga waje, kyamarar tana kama da Pro1 da aka sake fasalin dan kadan tare da ruwan tabarau daga G3 (G5). Mummuna babu isashen wurin hannun hagu. A kan Pro1 ya dace don ɗaukar kyamarar ƙarƙashin ruwan tabarau, kamar DSLR, amma akan G6 wannan baya aiki - ruwan tabarau ya fi ƙanƙanta kuma yana motsawa lokacin zuƙowa. Ya rage kawai don riƙe ga mandrel kusa da gindin ruwan tabarau. Koyaya, nan da nan na dunƙule adaftar LA-DC58D gare shi (tare da zaren 58 mm don masu tacewa da haɗe-haɗe na gani) - wannan babbar hanya ce ta fita. Amma adaftan, kash, ba a haɗa shi a cikin kit ɗin kuma ana siyar da shi daban.

Gaban kyamarar da murfin allo an yi su ne da ƙarfe, yayin da bayan an yi shi da filastik. Yatsa mai maƙasudin yana kwantar da hankali a kan maɓallin rufewa, wanda ke kan saman madaidaicin gaba na hannun. A gaban maballin sakin rufewa akwai lefa mai zuƙowa, kuma a bayansa akwai bugun kiran umarni - juyawa bugun kiran yana zaɓar ƙimar zaɓuɓɓuka daban-daban, kuma danna shi yana tabbatar da zaɓin. Af, faifan, a ganina, ya fi dacewa fiye da Pro1 ko Canon DSLRs, saboda a nan ba a tsaye ba, amma an karkatar da 45o gaba.

An matsar da bugun kiran yanayin harbi har abada zuwa sashin baya. Yanzu shi ne karfe, tare da dunƙule baki, kamar yadda yake a kan kyamarori na fina-finai na gargajiya, tare da tsayayyen matsayi, wanda aka canza tare da babban yatsan hannun dama.

Ana iya canza yawancin saitunan harbi na asali ba tare da shigar da menu ba, ta amfani da maɓalli na musamman a jikin kyamara. A saman akwai maɓallai don sarrafa yanayin walƙiya, canza nau'in ma'aunin faɗakarwa, da kuma sauyawa tsakanin harbi ɗaya, fashewar harbi da jinkirin lokacin kai. Hakanan akwai nunin monochrome wanda ke nuna manyan sigogin harbi, maɓalli don kunna hasken baya da kuma takalmi don haɗa filasha E-TTL. A baya akwai maɓallai don yanayin macro, kulle mayar da hankali da kuma mai da hankali kan hannu. Af, ana yin aikin mai da hankali ta hanyar jujjuya bugun kira, wanda ya dace sosai.Bugu da ƙari, akwai maɓallai a gefen baya don sarrafa yanayin autofocus (maki 9, 1-maki, yanki mai motsi), don sarrafa nunin bayanai akan nunin, don shigar da menu na harbi, don kiran kyamara. menu na zaɓuka, da kuma hanyar joystick mai hawa huɗu. Ana amfani da shi don matsawa cikin menu, zaɓi wurin mayar da hankali, kuma a cikin yanayin harbi, kibiyanta ta sama tana ba ku damar shigar da diyya, kuma kibiya ƙasa tana kiran saitunan ma'auni na fari. Idan har yanzu yana yiwuwa a sanya wasu ƙarin ayyuka da ake amfani da su akai-akai zuwa kiban "dama / hagu" (kamar yadda ake yi a wasu kyamarori na masu fafatawa), to ana iya kiran ikon sarrafa na'urar gaba ɗaya.

A cikin kusurwar dama ta sama na rukunin baya, kusa da babban yatsan hannu, akwai maɓallin makulli (kulle AE). Af, a cikin yanayin "Programmable Machine" (P), ta kunna makullin AE da jujjuya bugun kira, zaku iya canza saurin rufewa da nau'ikan buɗe ido. Kuma a saman wannan maɓallin akwai faifan lever mai ƙarfi tare da ƙarin maɓallin kullewa. Ta danna maɓallin da karkatar da lever zuwa dama, muna kunna kyamara a yanayin harbi, ta hanyar karkatar da shi zuwa hagu, mu canza zuwa firam ɗin kallo. Ana kashe kyamarar da maɓalli a tsakiyar diski. Kamata ya kamata a ka'ida ta kare kariya daga haɗa kai tsaye, amma a aikace, kamara wani lokacin har yanzu tana sarrafa kunna lokacin da kuka saka ta cikin ƙaramin akwati ko fitar da ita. To, idan kawai a cikin yanayin kallo - ruwan tabarau ba ya shimfiɗa, amma in ba haka ba. Wannan sanannen tsarin da ba shi da kyau shi ma an gadar shi ne daga G3 (G5) da kuma Pro1, kuma ma’anar amfani da shi bai fito fili ba, domin ba a amfani da shi a cikin layukan kyamarar Canon mai rahusa ko tsada. Zai zama mafi ma'ana idan kun kunna kyamarar ta amfani da maɓallin da aka ajiye a cikin jiki, da tsara kallon faifan ta amfani da wani maɓalli, wanda ya fi sauƙi da sauri, kuma masu fafatawa sun yi kuskure.

Kuma a ƙarshe, nunin LCD mai inch 2 karkata-da-juya. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi, wannan ƙira ya dace lokacin harbi daga kusurwoyi marasa ƙarfi da babba, duka a cikin hoto da yanayin shimfidar wuri? Ta hanyar juya allon zuwa ruwan tabarau, zaku iya ɗaukar hoto mai ɗaukar hoto ko, ta hanyar hawa kamara a kan tudu, hoton kanku tare da dangi ko abokai. Anan shine wurin da aka haɗa remote control ya zo da amfani. Mai duba kyamarar na gani ne, tare da yuwuwar gyara diopter +/-2 DS. Gaskiya ne, ɗaukar hoto kusan kashi 85% na firam ɗin ne kawai, don haka amfani da mai duba zai zama barata ne kawai lokacin da kuke buƙatar adana batura, kuma a cikin yanayin fashe mai sauri lokacin da aka kashe allon LCD.

Af, game da baturi. G6 yana amfani da baturan lithium-ion na BP-511A iri ɗaya, tare da ɗan ƙaramin ƙarfi (1390mAh), kodayake tsoffin za su yi. Cajin yawanci yana ɗaukar mintuna 90-100, kuma baturin ya isa, bisa ga abin da na lura, don firam 300, kodayake wannan, ba shakka, ya dogara da salon harbi. Kuma a nan wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa yana jiran mu - alamar rabin fitar da baturin yana bayyana akan allon a zahiri firam goma sha biyu kafin ya ƙare gaba ɗaya. Koyaya, kash, wannan sifa ce ta “mallaka” na yawancin Canon DSCs. Tushen matsalar da alama sun ta'allaka ne a cikin gine-gine na Canon DIGIC processor.

Lens

An tsara asali don 4-megapixel G3, 4x 35-140mm (35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 zuƙowa ruwan tabarau yana da kyau sosai cewa injiniyoyin Canon sun sami damar sake amfani da shi. Ƙimar gani na ruwan tabarau ya juya ya isa ya bayyana cikakken yuwuwar matrix megapixel 7, kuma ta fuskar buɗaɗɗen rabo har yanzu ya fi abokan hamayyarsa da kusan mataki ɗaya (1 EV).

Ruwan tabarau yana ba da mafi girman kaifi da daki-daki a matsakaicin madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗewa da matsakaici, sannan tasirin diffraction ya fara tasiri, kuma hoton ya ɗan yi duhu. Vignetting a cikin wannan yanayin yana kan gab da rarrabewa. Karɓar ganga a kusurwoyi masu faɗi kaɗan ne, kuma a dogon mai da hankali kusan babu shi. Idan aka kwatanta da G5, chromatic aberration ya ragu sosai - a fili saboda sabbin kayan ruwan tabarau, saboda ƙirar ruwan tabarau kanta bai canza ba.

Matsakaicin tsayin daka, bisa ga ma'auni na yau, kodayake ba abin mamaki bane, ya isa sosai don magance yawancin matsaloli. Baya ga zuƙowa na gani, akwai zuƙowa na dijital 4x. Ingancin zuƙowa yana kwatankwacin saɓanin bicubic a cikin Adobe Photoshop. Don haka, ana iya ba da shawarar zuƙowa dijital da kyau idan ba ku da ikon sarrafa hotuna akan kwamfuta, ko kuma idan kuna da niyyar buga hotuna daga kyamarar ku kai tsaye zuwa firintar PictBridge mai jituwa.

Amma ikon macro na ruwan tabarau, a zahiri, sun fi rauni. Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin daka, sannan girman firam ɗin shine 56x42 mm (diagonal 70 mm), wanda shine kusan santimita girma fiye da daidaitaccen akwatin wasa. A lokaci guda kuma, akwai raguwa a cikin kaifi a cikin sasanninta. Amma a nan Canon yana da ɗan dabaru a cikin kantin sayar da - yanayin SuperMacro. A cikin wannan yanayin, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar abu sau huɗu ƙarami - 26.4x19.8 mm (diagonal 33 mm). Gaskiya ne, za ku yi hadaya da ƙudurin hoton sau biyu: 3 megapixels (2048x1536) maimakon 7. Da alama cewa wannan ba kawai amfanin gona daga babban firam ba, amma fasaha na gani na gaskiya - lokacin da aka kunna SuperMacro, sautin sautin. injin sake gina ruwan tabarau a fili yana jin sauti a cikin ruwan tabarau, sa'an nan kuma ya zama mai yiwuwa a mai da hankali daga ɗan gajeren nesa, kuma zurfin filin yana raguwa daidai gwargwado. Ana iya haifar da amfanin gona ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa ruwan tabarau a cikin wannan yanayin ba zai iya "fadada" hoton a duk faɗin matrix ba. Duk da haka, yana da daraja - ana samun macro shots masu kyau sosai, kuma ƙwaƙƙwaran duk filin firam ɗin ya zama mai kyau.

Wani fasali mai ban sha'awa na G6 shine ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8. Yana "snaps" cikin tsarin gani akan umarni daga menu kuma yana rage hasken haske da sau 8. Wato, godiya ga wannan tacewa, zaku iya buɗe buɗewar ta matakai 3, ko kuma ƙara saurin rufewa da matakai 3. Ma'anar waɗannan magudi, ina fata, a bayyane yake ga kowa. Idan kana buƙatar amfani da wasu masu tacewa ko abubuwan da aka makala, dole ne ka sayi adaftar Canon LA-DC58D ko mai dacewa (an ƙaddamar da sakin su), wanda zai iya zama mai rahusa.

Kyawun hoto

Kamar yadda na ambata, PowerShot G6 yana amfani da firikwensin 7-megapixel 1/1.8-inch (7.2 x 5.3 mm) mafi girma zuwa yau. Wannan ita ce firikwensin da Sony ya ƙera, wanda aka shigar, misali, a cikin Sony CyberShot DSC-V3 (PD # 12'04), Casio Exilim EX-P700 (PD # 11'04) da sauran kyamarori da yawa. Sabanin hasashe na rashin rashin tabbas, sabon matrix, ko da yake an sanya shi ƙasa da mataki ɗaya, ya zama, gabaɗaya, bai fi 8-megapixel 2/3" ɗan shekara biyu ba. Bugu da ƙari, duk da ƙarami. Girman, matrix hasken hankali ya karu kadan: ainihin hankali ga G6 shine rabin tasha (1/2 EV) sama da wanda aka bayyana kuma shine ISO 80-160-320-640 bi da bi.

Tabbas, harbin da aka yi a yanayin ISO 400 suna da hayaniya sosai. Duk da haka, lokacin da na ajiye wannan hoton a cikin tsarin RAW kuma in kwatanta shi (a kan allon kwamfuta) da abin da ya fito a cikin JPEG, na yi mamaki sosai: babu alamar ƙazantattun launi da kuma baƙar fata "waƙafi" a cikin tashar haske! Haka ne, har ila yau amo yana cikin RAW, amma a nan, ba a tsanantawa ta hanyar sarrafa kyamara da kuma matsawa algorithms ba, yana da karami, ya fi dacewa kuma yana kama da fim din "hatsi" - irin wannan hayaniya ba ta da haushi ko kadan, zaka iya barin shi. kamar yadda yake, kuma idan kuna so, ana iya cire shi cikin sauƙi ta amfani da editan hoto.

A zahiri, aikin G6 tare da RAW "digital negatives" ya cancanci duk yabo! Na farko, ba kamar G5 ba, yana yiwuwa a canza ƙudurin kwafin JPEG, wanda aka ƙara zuwa RAW kuma yana aiki don kallo mai sauri akan allon kyamara. G5 daidai gwargwado ya sanya hoton 640x480, wanda yayi kyau ga ƙananan hotuna kawai, amma bai da amfani gabaɗaya lokacin da zaku zuƙowa kan nunin don jin daɗin kaifinsa. Yanzu za ku iya zaɓar kowane nau'in tsarin da kyamara ke goyan bayan. A aikace, 1600x1200 ya riga ya taimaka sosai, ba tare da ambaton cikakken girman 3072x2304 ba. Ciniki-kashe don dacewa shine, ba shakka, haɓaka daidaitaccen girman girman fayil. A gefe guda, Canon yana matsa fayilolin RAW don haka suna da ƙanƙanta, sau 2 zuwa 2.5 kawai girman madaidaicin ingancin JPEG.

Na biyu, kyamarar tana sanye take da faffadan buffer mai fa'ida wanda zai iya ɗaukar aƙalla firam ɗin RAW 5 ko kusan dozin mafi ingancin JPEGs. Sabili da haka, lokacin harbi firam guda ɗaya a cikin RAW, ba kwa fuskantar kowane rashin jin daɗi da jinkiri kwata-kwata - kamara tana shirye don firam na gaba da sauri kamar yadda aka saba, yayin yin rikodin zuwa katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, a halin yanzu, yana faruwa a bango. Ko da fashe yanayin yana samuwa, kuma a daidai wannan gudun kamar yadda na JPEG, game da 0.6 frame / s (ko 1 firam a cikin 1.5 s), amma Frames a cikin jerin ne sau 2 kasa da - duk guda 5 Kuma kawai high-gudun ci gaba. harbi a tsarin RAW ba ya samuwa, adadin wutar ya kasance iri ɗaya, yayin da a cikin JPEG kyamarar ta harba kusan firam 1.6 / s.

SuperFine JPEGs sun kusan yin kyau kamar RAWs, tare da kyakkyawan kaifi da cikakkun bayanai. Duk da haka, ban da ikon da aka ambata a sama don "nanata" amo a babban ISO, wanda ya dace da yawancin DSCs (kuma ɗayan zaɓin yana haskaka hoton), G6 yana da fasalin guda ɗaya. A kan firam ɗin a cikin JPEG, zaku iya lura da ɓarkewar ƙananan ƙananan bayanai. Mafi sau da yawa, asarar daki-daki yana bayyana akan ci gaba da kafet na ciyawa ko ganyayen bishiya, akan sigar abubuwa da gine-gine. A lokaci guda, cikakkun bayanai masu bambanta, har ma da mafi ƙanƙanta, sun kasance masu kaifi. Wannan tasirin yana faruwa ne ta hanyar aikin tsarin rage amo ko kuma sakamakon aikin takamaiman algorithm matsa lamba - ba zan iya faɗi ba. Af, ana kuma lura da wannan a wasu kyamarori na Canon.

A kowane hali, idan kuna son samun mafi kyawun hoto, yakamata kuyi amfani da RAW. Yana rage tasirin amo, yana isar da cikakken daki-daki, faffadan kewayo mai ƙarfi, da babban sassauƙa wajen gyara fallasa da kurakuran ma'auni na fari. Abin farin ciki, da farko zabar RAW ba lallai ba ne! Kuna iya yin harbi a cikin JPEG, kuma, bayan ɗaukar firam ɗin alhakin, dole ne ku danna maɓallin Falsh nan da nan bayan haka, kuma za a sa ku ajiye wannan firam ɗin a cikin tsarin RAW. Ya dace sosai.

Aiki ta atomatik

Automation na kyamara yana haifar da kusan babu korafe-korafe. Ma'aunin fari ta atomatik yana sarrafa kowane nau'in hasken halitta da na wucin gadi tare da amincewa. Banda, a al'ada, su ne fitilun gida na yau da kullun - hoton yana da "dumi". Kuma hanyar fita ta al'ada ita ce amfani da ma'auni na fari da aka saita, kuma da kyau wanda aka daidaita. Af, kamara tana ba ku damar tunawa da ƙima biyu na WB kuma kuyi saurin canzawa tsakanin su.

Ma'amalar fallasa daidai ne kuma karko, wanda ake tsammanin daga ci-gaba CTC. Kyamara tana ba da zaɓi na daidaitattun nau'ikan ma'auni guda uku: Multi-zone (ƙimantawa a cikin Canon terminology), matsakaici-ma'auni da tabo (ana iya daidaita shi a tsakiya, ko motsawa tare da wurin mayar da hankali).

Abin takaici, kuskuren "mallaka" tare da nau'ikan ƙididdiga yana tare da mu. An san shekaru da yawa yanzu cewa yankuna da yawa da ma'auni masu nauyi na tsakiya suna haɗuwa a cikin Canon DSC. Wannan ya shafi duk kyamarori akan na'urar sarrafa DIGIC. Ee, kuma tare da Canon 350D, wanda ke amfani da DIGIC-II, labarin iri ɗaya. Ya isa a kalli fallasa harbe-harbe kamar "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske" (ko akasin haka) don gano rashin daidaituwa.

Amma ku kula da gumakan:

  • multizone (mai kimantawa)
  • masu nauyi na tsakiya
  • digo

Na farko yana aiki kamar na tsakiya mai nauyi, kuma na biyu yana aiki kamar yanki mai yawa. Kuma gumakan sun dace da ainihin halin da ake ciki! Akwai rudani a cikin bayanin kamara, a cikin firmware da kuma a cikin EXIF ​​​​hoton.

To, ni da kai mun san wannan "fasalin" kuma a cikin P, TV, Av da M yanayin za mu iya zaɓar daidai nau'in mita. Abin takaici, a cikin yanayin atomatik da shirye-shiryen batutuwa, nau'ikan suma suna gauraye, kuma ba zai yuwu a ƙara yin tasiri ga wannan ba. Ya rage kawai don gabatar da gyare-gyare ga fallasa kuma ... jira amsar Canon, wanda, duk da haka, ya ci gaba da yin watsi da matsalar.

Dan ɓacin rai tare da saurin autofocus. Da alama G6 yana mai da hankali akan kusan gudu ɗaya da Pro1, kuma wannan shine, gabaɗaya, matsakaicin matakin ga waɗanda ba madubi DSCs. Amma yana da ma'ana don tsammanin wani abu "fiye da matsakaici" daga kyamarar wannan ajin! Kuma dole ne in yarda cewa G6 yana da mafi saurin mayar da hankali a cikin kyamarori bakwai na gaba.

A lokaci guda, ingancin autofocus yana da kyau sosai. A kan titin, a cikin yanayin haske mai kyau, babu kuskure da gazawa. Yayin da matakin haske ya faɗi, ƙarfin mai da hankali yana raguwa a hankali, da farko yana bayyana kansa a matsakaicin tsayin daka, musamman a cikin gida. Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2 m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa da yawa. G6 yana da niyyar mai da hankali kan sabanin layukan tsaye - yana kama da duk na'urorin firikwensin sa a kwance kuma babu giciye guda ɗaya, har ma a tsakiyar. Ya kamata a tuna da wannan, idan kawai saboda a cikin yanayi mai wahala, lokacin da kyamara ba ta son mayar da hankali ta kowace hanya, yana iya isa ya juya shi 45o ko 90o, "kama" mayar da hankali, sannan mayar da shi zuwa matsayinsa na asali. kuma a dauki hoto.

Wani al'adar Canon mara kyau ita ce rashin tarihin "rayuwa" a yanayin harbi. Kuma saboda rashin son matrices CCD don wuce gona da iri, sarrafa haske kafin ɗaukar hoto yana da matuƙar kyawawa! Mafita kawai a cikin wannan yanayin shine a nuna histogram akan hoton auto, wanda ke bayyana akan allon nan da nan bayan “kama” firam. Yana juya kusan kamar duk dijital SLRs. Ba mai girma ba, amma akalla wani abu. Bugu da ƙari, za ku iya ta'azantar da kanku cewa masu DSLR masu farin ciki suna shan wahala iri ɗaya.

Na yi mamaki kuma na gamsu da aikin “hankali” na tsarin rage amo. Duk kafofin sun nuna cewa rage amo (Dark Frame Substruction) a cikin G6 ana kunna shi a saurin rufewa fiye da 1.3 s. (Bari in tunatar da ku cewa "rage firam ɗin duhu" yana aiki don kawar da pixels "zafi" masu haske waɗanda ke bayyana a jinkirin saurin rufewa.) Duk da haka, bisa ga abin da na gani, Dark Frame yana kunna yayin da matrix ɗin ke zafi. Wato, zaku iya harbi, alal misali, a saurin rufewa na 0.8 s, kuma bayan wasu adadin firam ɗin a cikin gudu iri ɗaya, kamara za ta kunna rage amo. Rage saurin rufewa ko hankali kuma ci gaba da harbi - bayan takamaiman adadin firam ɗin duhun duhu yana nan kuma! Tasirin a zahiri yana bayyana da sauri a mafi girman hankali. Don haka da alama cewa 1.3 s shine ƙimar kofa wanda aka kunna rage amo koda akan matrix mara zafi. Ra'ayi mai ban sha'awa sosai!

Yanayin Av, SuperMacro mayar da hankali (3Mpix), 200 ISO, haske - safiya, farin ma'auni - rana, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -0.3 EV, fallasa 1/100 f/4.0, tsayin tsayi 86mm (daidai.).

Hoton macro

A cikin matsayi mai faɗin kusurwa, ana iya ɗaukar hoto tare da ƙaramin diagonal na 96 mm (girman firam 76.8 x 57.6 mm). Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin tsayi: 70 mm diagonal (firam 56 x 42 mm). Kuma a cikin yanayin SuperMacro, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar hoto ko da ƙasa da sau huɗu: diagonal na 33 mm, firam na 26.4 x 19.8 mm.

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanawa 0.3 f/2.0, Bayyanar Raya +1EV, Tsawon Tsawon 35mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanar 1/2 f/3.0, Bayyanar Raya +1 EV, Tsawon Tsawon 140mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, SuperMacro (3Mpix) mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, farin ma'auni - farar takarda calibration, fallasa 1/2 f/2.5, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto +1 EV, tsayi mai tsayi 86 mm (daidai) (mafi girman yanayin SuperMacro) .

Harbin dare

Gwajin harbin dare na gargajiya. Amo a 200 da 400 ISO yana da kyau sosai. Duk da haka, ya kamata a lura cewa G6 bai fi surutu ba fiye da 8-megapixel Canon Pro1 da muka gwada shekara guda da ta gabata (#7'04).

Yanayin TV, 50 ISO, farin ma'auni - rana, fallasa 5s f/5.6, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -1 EV, tsayi mai tsayi 77mm (eq.), Tsarin fayil - RAW, juyawa zuwa Canon RAW Task.

100 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/2.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

200 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/3.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

400 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/5.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

Nau'in awo

Amfani da ci gaba da yankuna da yawa, masu matsakaicin nauyi da tabo don yanayin "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske", ya kamata mu sami karuwa a hankali. Don haka shi ne: daga hoto na 1 zuwa hoto na 3, bayyanar yana ƙaruwa, wato, abu na tsakiya (duhu) yana ba da gudummawa mai girma ga bayyanar. Koyaya, an ɗauki hoto 1 (mafi duhu) a cikin yanayin awo na tsakiya, kuma an ɗauki hoto 2 (matsakaicin ƙima) cikin yanayin yankuna da yawa. Babu shakka, waɗannan nau'ikan guda biyu sun haɗu a cikin G6.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/250 f/4.0, ma'aunin nauyi na tsakiya

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, 1/160 f/4.0, Multimetering

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/40 f/4.0, auna tabo

Tsawon tsayin tsayin daka na 35-140mm (a cikin 35mm equiv.), kodayake ba mai ban mamaki ba ne, ya isa ga yawancin ayyuka.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, farin ma'auni - Auto, fallasa 1/200 f / 2.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka - 0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 35 mm (daidai).

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, ma'auni fari - Auto, fallasa 1/160 f / 3.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 140 mm (daidai).

Mayar da hankali ga dare

Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa sosai. An yi harbin ne a iyakar iyawar gani, kuma hasken baya, wanda aka kunna a cikin yanayin "rage ja-jayen ido", an yi amfani da shi, a matsayin wani haske mai sauƙi don neman asu.

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.)

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.) .

Riba

  • Maɗaukaki mai inganci, ruwan tabarau mai sauri (f/2.0-3.0) tare da gyara ɓarna na chromatic.
  • Mafi girman ƙudurin hoto da cikakkun bayanai.
  • Ƙaramar amo.
  • Babban aiwatar da harbi a RAW.
  • Matakin ISO ya fi rabin mataki sama da yadda aka bayyana.
  • Fitar NDx8 na musamman.
  • Takalmi mai zafi don walƙiya na waje, E-TTL.
  • Mai amfani 2" nuni karkata-da-juya
  • Saurin isa ga mafi yawan saitunan harbi.
  • Hannun Ergonomic
  • Batir mai ƙarfi, caji mai sauri.
  • Ingantacciyar girma.
  • An haɗa da sarrafa nesa.

Sakamakon

  • Mayar da hankali ta atomatik yana sannu a hankali.
  • Macro (cikakken ƙuduri).
  • Rashin aiwatar da sarrafa fidda baturi.
  • Babu ​​histogram na "rayuwa".
  • Asara daki-daki kan ƙananan nau'ikan rubutu zuwa JPEG)
  • Ƙarancin saurin kebul na 1.1, ana buƙatar mai karanta kati don jin daɗin aiki tare da kwamfuta.

Kammalawa

Ina tsammanin "dawowar almara" ta faru. Kamara ba kawai ta gaji daga magabata ba duk mafi kyawun halaye, godiya ga wanda G-jerin ya sami ƙaunar masu amfani da mutunta masu fafatawa, amma kuma ya ɗaga waɗannan halaye zuwa sabon matakin. An warware matsaloli da kasawa da yawa ko kuma an rage su sosai. Wasu abubuwa, kash, ba su canza ba. Amma aƙalla babu sababbin matsaloli. Gabaɗaya, juyin halitta a bayyane yake.

Babban daki-daki na Canon PowerShot G6, haɓakar launi mai kyau da ƙaramar amo sun sanya shi daidai da mafi kyawun kyamarori na dijital na yau. Wannan, ba shakka, ba har yanzu matakin DSLR ba ne, amma ingancin hotuna wani lokaci ana iya kwatanta su. Kuma, idan aka yi la'akari da girman matrix da kyakkyawar budewar ruwan tabarau na G6, za mu iya cewa da gaske "matakai a kan diddige" na kasafin kudin DSLRs tare da daidaitattun ruwan tabarau na zuƙowa.

PowerShot G6 shine na waɗanda suke son ɗaukar hotuna masu inganci, amma saboda wasu dalilai ba za su iya ko ba sa so su yi amfani da DSLR: kyamarar tana da haske kuma tana da ƙarfi sosai, kuma nunin swivel yana sa kusurwar harbi ya fi sauƙi. Duk da haka

Canon PowerShot G6. Komawar labari.

Shekaru biyar da suka wuce, a cikin Satumba 2000 (ta hanyar dijital), Canon ya sanar da 3-megapixel PowerShot G1. A matsayin babban samfurin mara madubi a cikin jeri na Canon, G1 shima sabon nau'in kamara ne. Lallai, haɗe-haɗen jikin ɗan adam na kyamarorin mai son tare da babban ruwan tabarau mai inganci (f / 2.0) da goyan baya ga tsarin RAW ya kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin. Matsakaicin matsayi tsakanin mai son da kyamarori masu ƙwararru, G1 an yi niyya ne ga ci gaba, ƙwararrun masu daukar hoto mai son kuma, a zahiri, alama ce ta farkon ajin ƙwararrun ƙwararru (mai siye) CPC.

Tare da sabuntawa na shekara-shekara tun daga wannan lokacin, jerin G ya zama ba kawai almara na gaske ba, samun masu bin aminci, amma har ma mafi tsayin gudu a cikin duniyar ɗaukar hoto na dijital. Ragewar yanayi mai canzawa ba ze taɓa wannan ra'ayi ba - jiki iri ɗaya, kyakkyawan ruwan tabarau, tallafin RAW da ingancin hoto mai kyau

Canon G6 ƙayyadaddun bayanai

1/1.8-inch CCD firikwensin, pixels miliyan 7.1, masu tace launi na farko (RGB) Tsarin fayil RAW, JPEG (Exif 2.2) tare da Super Fine, Fine, Bidiyo na matsawa na al'ada - AVI [Motion JPEG + WAVE (mono)] Ƙaddamar da ƙuduri 3072 x 2304 (L) - 7 MP, 2592 x 1944 (M1) - 5 MP, 2048 x 1536 (M2) - 3 MP, 1600 x 1200 (M3) - 2 MP, 640 x 480 (S) - V Canon ruwan tabarau 7.2-28.8mm (35-140mm a cikin 35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 (har zuwa f/8.0) 8 abubuwa a cikin 7 kungiyoyin (2 aspherical abubuwa) Mayar da hankali Modes TTL-contrast AF, 9-point AiAF 1- aya AF (kowane matsayi ko kafaffen cibiyar). Juyin-frame autofocus, ci gaba da autofocus. Mayar da hankali kan Manual Mayar da hankali Matsakaicin: 50 cm zuwa macro mara iyaka: 15 cm zuwa 50 cm Super macro: 5 cm zuwa 50 cm Ma'aunin yanki da yawa, matsakaicin nauyi, cibiyar tabo ko wurin mayar da hankali. Rayya +/- 2 EV a cikin 1/3-tsayawa haɓaka Shirye-shiryen Bayyanawa Auto, Shirye-shiryen Auto (P), Babban fifiko (Tv), fifikon Buɗawa (Av), Manual (M), Shirye-shiryen Scene (Portrait, Filayen ƙasa) , Hoton dare , Panorama), 2 mai amfani-zaɓi yanayin Shutter Haɗin lantarki-makanikanci, 1-1/2000 s (har zuwa 15 s a cikin TV da kuma yanayin M), babu hasken kwan fitila Sensitivity Auto, 50, 100, 200, 400 ISO White balance Auto , Saitattun saiti 6, gyare-gyaren hannu (zaɓuɓɓukan 2) mai ƙidayar 10s, 2s Flash Ginawa, lambar jagora 5.0 Modes: Auto, tilastawa, rage jajayen ido, jinkirin daidaitawa (labule na 1 ko na 2), a kashe. Rarraba bugun jini: +/- 2 EV a cikin 1/3-tsayawa karuwa. Aiki tare da raka'o'in filasha na waje E-TTL Speedlite EX jerin Viewfinder Optical, Nuni mai zuƙowa 2.0" LCD launi TFT, pixels 118,000

Don haka, a gabana akwai alamar G-jerin yau - 7-megapixel Canon PowerShot G6. An sanar da kyamarar a ƙarshen watan Agustan bara kuma ta bayyana a cikin shagunan mu bayan watanni biyu. Gabaɗaya, fitowar G6 ya zama abin da ba a zata ba. Bari in tunatar da ku: a cikin Fabrairu 2004, Canon ya saki takwas-megapixel PowerShot Pro1, wanda jama'a suka dauka a matsayin wanda zai maye gurbin PowerShot G5 wanda bai yi nasara ba. Da alama ba za a ci gaba da G-jerin ba. Amma a watan Agusta, kamar yadda aka tsara, Canon ya sanar da G6, wanda (oh, tsoro!) Yana amfani da sabon firikwensin 7-megapixel daga Sony. Gaskiyar ita ce, mutane da yawa sun fahimci wannan matrix da shakku sosai - megapixel 1 kawai ƙasa da manyan matrices, tare da ƙaramin ƙarami: 1/1.8 da inci 2/3. Yana da ma'ana don tsammanin cewa wannan zai haifar da haɓakar hayaniya da raguwa a ainihin ƙudurin matrix.

Abin farin ciki, tsoro na bai da tushe. Amma da farko abubuwan farko…

Kira da ergonomics

Riƙe bai taɓa zama maƙasudi mai ƙarfi na jerin G ba. The classic rectangular "bulo" za a iya gafarta saboda m, amma idan kamara ne nauyi, ya zama m riko da shi. Kuma ko da yake rike da hankali ya karu daga G1 zuwa G3 (G5), ergonomics na su ya haifar da zargi. Samfuran Pro1 sun fi kyau, kodayake ba cikakke ba (duba PD No. 7'04). Kuma a ƙarshe, ci gaba! Kyamarar ta dace daidai a cikin hannu, an rufe hannun da roba kuma yana da haɓaka sama da yatsunsu a cikin babba - ƙugiya yana da tabbaci, ba ya zamewa, koda kuwa kun riƙe shi da hannu ɗaya. Duk da haka, kamarar tana da nauyi, kamar waɗanda suka gabace ta, kusan gram 500, don haka za ku iya riƙe ta da hannu ɗaya, amma ba dadewa ba.

Daga waje, kyamarar tana kama da Pro1 da aka sake fasalin dan kadan tare da ruwan tabarau daga G3 (G5). Mummuna babu isashen wurin hannun hagu. A kan Pro1 ya dace don ɗaukar kyamarar ƙarƙashin ruwan tabarau, kamar DSLR, amma akan G6 wannan baya aiki - ruwan tabarau ya fi ƙanƙanta kuma yana motsawa lokacin zuƙowa. Ya rage kawai don riƙe ga mandrel kusa da gindin ruwan tabarau. Koyaya, nan da nan na dunƙule adaftar LA-DC58D gare shi (tare da zaren 58 mm don masu tacewa da haɗe-haɗe na gani) - wannan babbar hanya ce ta fita. Amma adaftan, kash, ba a haɗa shi a cikin kit ɗin kuma ana siyar da shi daban.

Gaban kyamara da murfin allo an yi su da ƙarfe ne, bayan kuma an yi su da filastik. Yatsa mai maƙasudin yana kwantar da hankali a kan maɓallin rufewa, wanda ke kan saman madaidaicin gaba na hannun. A gaban maballin sakin rufewa akwai lefa mai zuƙowa, kuma a bayansa akwai bugun kiran umarni - juyawa bugun kiran yana zaɓar ƙimar zaɓuɓɓuka daban-daban, kuma danna shi yana tabbatar da zaɓin. Af, faifan, a ganina, ya fi dacewa fiye da Pro1 ko Canon DSLRs, saboda a nan ba a tsaye ba, amma an karkatar da 45o gaba.

An matsar da bugun kiran yanayin harbi har abada zuwa sashin baya. Yanzu shi ne karfe, tare da dunƙule baki, kamar yadda yake a kan kyamarori na fina-finai na gargajiya, tare da tsayayyen matsayi, wanda aka canza tare da babban yatsan hannun dama.

Ana iya canza yawancin saitunan harbi na asali ba tare da shigar da menu ba, ta amfani da maɓalli na musamman a jikin kyamara. A saman akwai maɓallai don sarrafa yanayin walƙiya, canza nau'in ma'aunin faɗakarwa, da kuma sauyawa tsakanin harbi ɗaya, fashewar harbi da jinkirin lokacin kai. Hakanan akwai nunin monochrome wanda ke nuna manyan sigogin harbi, maɓalli don kunna hasken baya da kuma takalmi don haɗa filasha E-TTL. A baya akwai maɓallai don yanayin macro, kulle mayar da hankali da kuma mai da hankali kan hannu. Af, ana yin aikin mai da hankali ta hanyar jujjuya bugun kira, wanda ya dace sosai. Bugu da ƙari, akwai maɓallai a gefen baya don sarrafa yanayin autofocus (maki 9, 1-maki, yanki mai motsi), don sarrafa nunin bayanai akan nunin, don shigar da menu na harbi, don kiran kyamara. menu na zaɓuka, da kuma hanyar joystick mai hawa huɗu. Ana amfani da shi don matsawa cikin menu, zaɓi wurin mayar da hankali, kuma a cikin yanayin harbi, kibiyanta ta sama tana ba ku damar shigar da diyya, kuma kibiya ƙasa tana kiran saitunan ma'auni na fari. Idan har yanzu yana yiwuwa a sanya wasu ƙarin ayyuka da ake amfani da su akai-akai zuwa kiban "dama / hagu" (kamar yadda ake yi a wasu kyamarori na masu fafatawa), to ana iya kiran ikon sarrafa na'urar gaba ɗaya.

A kusurwar dama ta sama na rukunin baya, kusa da babban yatsan hannu, akwai maɓallin kulle AE. Af, a cikin yanayin "aiki na shirye-shirye" (P), ta kunna kulle AE da jujjuya bugun kira, zaku iya canza daidai nau'i-nau'i na saurin rufewa da buɗewa. Kuma a saman wannan maɓallin akwai faifan lever mai ƙarfi tare da ƙarin maɓallin kullewa. Ta danna maɓallin da karkatar da lever zuwa dama, muna kunna kyamara a yanayin harbi, ta hanyar karkatar da shi zuwa hagu, mu canza zuwa firam ɗin kallo. Ana kashe kyamarar da maɓalli a tsakiyar diski. Kamata ya kamata a ka'ida ta kare kariya daga haɗa kai tsaye, amma a aikace, kamara wani lokacin har yanzu tana sarrafa kunna lokacin da kuka saka ta cikin ƙaramin akwati ko fitar da ita. To, idan kawai a cikin yanayin kallo - ruwan tabarau ba ya shimfiɗa, amma in ba haka ba. Wannan sanannen tsarin da ba shi da kyau shi ma an gadar shi ne daga G3 (G5) da kuma Pro1, kuma ma’anar amfani da shi bai fito fili ba, domin ba a amfani da shi a cikin layukan kyamarar Canon mai rahusa ko tsada. Zai zama mafi ma'ana idan kun kunna kyamarar ta amfani da maɓallin da aka ajiye a cikin jiki, da tsara kallon faifan ta amfani da wani maɓalli, wanda ya fi sauƙi da sauri, kuma masu fafatawa sun yi kuskure.

Kuma a ƙarshe, nunin LCD mai inch 2 karkata-da-juya. Ba lallai ba ne a faɗi, wannan ƙira ya dace lokacin harbi daga kusurwoyi marasa ƙarfi da babba, duka a cikin hoto da yanayin shimfidar wuri? Ta hanyar juya allon zuwa ruwan tabarau, zaku iya ɗaukar hoto mai ɗaukar hoto ko, ta hanyar hawa kamara a kan tudu, hoton kanku tare da dangi ko abokai. Anan shine wurin da aka haɗa remote control ya zo da amfani. Mai duba kyamarar na gani ne, tare da yuwuwar gyara diopter +/-2 DS. Gaskiya ne, ɗaukar hoto kusan kashi 85% na firam ɗin ne kawai, don haka amfani da mai duba zai zama barata ne kawai lokacin da kuke buƙatar adana batura, kuma a cikin yanayin fashe mai sauri lokacin da aka kashe allon LCD.

Af, game da baturi. G6 yana amfani da baturan lithium-ion na BP-511A iri ɗaya, tare da ɗan ƙaramin ƙarfi (1390mAh), kodayake tsoffin za su yi. Cajin yawanci yana ɗaukar mintuna 90-100, kuma baturin ya isa, bisa ga abin da na lura, don firam 300, kodayake wannan, ba shakka, ya dogara da salon harbi. Kuma a nan wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa yana jiran mu - alamar rabin fitar da baturin yana bayyana akan allon a zahiri firam goma sha biyu kafin ya ƙare gaba ɗaya. Koyaya, kash, wannan sifa ce ta “mallaka” na yawancin Canon DSCs. Tushen matsalar da alama sun ta'allaka ne a cikin gine-gine na Canon DIGIC processor.

Lens

An tsara asali don 4-megapixel G3, 4x 35-140mm (35mm equiv.) f/2.0-3.0 zuƙowa ruwan tabarau yana da kyau sosai cewa injiniyoyin Canon sun sami damar sake amfani da shi. Ƙimar gani na ruwan tabarau ya juya ya isa ya bayyana cikakken yuwuwar matrix megapixel 7, kuma ta fuskar buɗaɗɗen rabo har yanzu ya fi abokan hamayyarsa da kusan mataki ɗaya (1 EV).

Ruwan tabarau yana ba da mafi girman kaifi da daki-daki a matsakaicin madaidaicin buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗaɗɗen buɗewa da matsakaici, sannan tasirin diffraction ya fara tasiri, kuma hoton ya ɗan yi duhu. Vignetting a cikin wannan yanayin yana kan gab da rarrabewa. Karɓar ganga a kusurwoyi masu faɗi kaɗan ne, kuma a dogon mai da hankali kusan babu shi. Idan aka kwatanta da G5, chromatic aberration ya ragu sosai - a fili saboda sabbin kayan ruwan tabarau, saboda ƙirar ruwan tabarau kanta bai canza ba.

Matsakaicin tsayin daka, bisa ga ma'auni na yau, kodayake ba abin mamaki bane, ya isa sosai don magance yawancin matsaloli. Baya ga zuƙowa na gani, akwai zuƙowa na dijital 4x. Ingancin zuƙowa yana kwatankwacin saɓanin bicubic a cikin Adobe Photoshop. Don haka, ana iya ba da shawarar zuƙowa dijital da kyau idan ba ku da ikon sarrafa hotuna akan kwamfuta, ko kuma idan kuna da niyyar buga hotuna daga kyamarar ku kai tsaye zuwa firintar PictBridge mai jituwa.

Amma ikon macro na ruwan tabarau, a zahiri, sun fi rauni. Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin daka, sannan girman firam ɗin shine 56x42 mm (diagonal 70 mm), wanda shine kusan santimita girma fiye da daidaitaccen akwatin wasa. A lokaci guda kuma, akwai raguwa a cikin kaifi a cikin sasanninta. Amma a nan Canon yana da ɗan dabaru a cikin kantin sayar da - yanayin SuperMacro. A cikin wannan yanayin, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar abu sau huɗu ƙarami - 26.4x19.8 mm (diagonal 33 mm). Gaskiya ne, za ku yi hadaya da ƙudurin hoton sau biyu: 3 megapixels (2048x1536) maimakon 7. Da alama cewa wannan ba kawai amfanin gona daga babban firam ba, amma fasaha na gani na gaskiya - lokacin da aka kunna SuperMacro, sautin sautin. injin sake gina ruwan tabarau a fili yana jin sauti a cikin ruwan tabarau, sa'an nan kuma ya zama mai yiwuwa a mai da hankali daga ɗan gajeren nesa, kuma zurfin filin yana raguwa daidai gwargwado. Ana iya haifar da amfanin gona ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa ruwan tabarau a cikin wannan yanayin ba zai iya "fadada" hoton a duk faɗin matrix ba. Duk da haka, yana da daraja - ana samun macro shots masu kyau sosai, kuma ƙwaƙƙwaran duk filin firam ɗin ya zama mai kyau.

Wani fasali mai ban sha'awa na G6 shine ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8. Yana "snaps" cikin tsarin gani akan umarni daga menu kuma yana rage hasken haske da sau 8. Wato, godiya ga wannan tacewa, zaku iya buɗe buɗewar ta matakai 3, ko kuma ƙara saurin rufewa da matakai 3. Ma'anar waɗannan magudi, ina fata, a bayyane yake ga kowa. Idan kana buƙatar amfani da wasu masu tacewa ko abubuwan da aka makala, dole ne ka sayi adaftar Canon LA-DC58D ko mai dacewa (an ƙaddamar da sakin su), wanda zai iya zama mai rahusa.

Kyawun hoto

Kamar yadda na ambata, PowerShot G6 yana amfani da firikwensin 7-megapixel 1/1.8-inch (7.2 x 5.3 mm) mafi girma zuwa yau. Wannan ita ce firikwensin da Sony ya ƙera, wanda aka shigar, misali, a cikin Sony CyberShot DSC-V3 (PD # 12'04), Casio Exilim EX-P700 (PD # 11'04) da sauran kyamarori da yawa. Sabanin hasashe na rashin rashin tabbas, sabon matrix, ko da yake an sanya shi ƙasa da mataki ɗaya, ya zama, gabaɗaya, bai fi 8-megapixel 2/3" ɗan shekara biyu ba. Bugu da ƙari, duk da ƙarami. Girman, matrix hasken hankali ya karu kadan: ainihin hankali ga G6 shine rabin tasha (1/2 EV) sama da wanda aka bayyana kuma shine ISO 80-160-320-640 bi da bi.

Tabbas, harbin da aka yi a yanayin ISO 400 suna da hayaniya sosai. Duk da haka, lokacin da na ajiye wannan hoton a cikin tsarin RAW kuma in kwatanta shi (a kan allon kwamfuta) da abin da ya fito a cikin JPEG, na yi mamaki sosai: babu alamar ƙazantattun launi da kuma baƙar fata "waƙafi" a cikin tashar haske! Haka ne, har ila yau amo yana cikin RAW, amma a nan, ba a tsanantawa ta hanyar sarrafa kyamara da kuma matsawa algorithms ba, yana da karami, ya fi dacewa kuma yana kama da fim din "hatsi" - irin wannan hayaniya ba ta da haushi ko kadan, zaka iya barin shi. kamar yadda yake, kuma idan kuna so, ana iya cire shi cikin sauƙi ta amfani da editan hoto.

A zahiri, aikin G6 tare da RAW "digital negatives" ya cancanci duk yabo! Na farko, ba kamar G5 ba, yana yiwuwa a canza ƙudurin kwafin JPEG, wanda aka ƙara zuwa RAW kuma yana aiki don kallo mai sauri akan allon kyamara. G5 daidai gwargwado ya sanya hoton 640x480, wanda yayi kyau ga ƙananan hotuna kawai, amma bai da amfani gabaɗaya lokacin da zaku zuƙowa kan nunin don jin daɗin kaifinsa. Yanzu za ku iya zaɓar kowane nau'in tsarin da kyamara ke goyan bayan. A aikace, 1600x1200 ya riga ya taimaka sosai, ba tare da ambaton cikakken girman 3072x2304 ba. Ciniki-kashe don dacewa shine, ba shakka, haɓaka daidaitaccen girman girman fayil. A gefe guda, Canon yana matsa fayilolin RAW don haka suna da ƙanƙanta, sau 2 zuwa 2.5 kawai girman madaidaicin ingancin JPEG.

Na biyu, kyamarar tana sanye take da faffadan buffer mai fa'ida wanda zai iya ɗaukar aƙalla firam ɗin RAW 5 ko kusan dozin mafi ingancin JPEGs. Sabili da haka, lokacin harbi firam guda ɗaya a cikin RAW, ba kwa fuskantar kowane rashin jin daɗi da jinkiri kwata-kwata - kamara tana shirye don firam na gaba da sauri kamar yadda aka saba, yayin yin rikodin zuwa katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, a halin yanzu, yana faruwa a bango. Ko da fashe yanayin yana samuwa, kuma a daidai wannan gudun kamar yadda na JPEG, game da 0.6 frame / s (ko 1 firam a cikin 1.5 s), amma Frames a cikin jerin ne sau 2 kasa da - duk guda 5 Kuma kawai high-gudun ci gaba. harbi a tsarin RAW ba ya samuwa, adadin wutar ya kasance iri ɗaya, yayin da a cikin JPEG kyamarar ta harba kusan firam 1.6 / s.

SuperFine JPEGs sun kusan yin kyau kamar RAWs, tare da kyakkyawan kaifi da cikakkun bayanai. Duk da haka, ban da ikon da aka ambata a sama don "nanata" amo a babban ISO, wanda ya dace da yawancin DSCs (kuma ɗayan zaɓin yana haskaka hoton), G6 yana da fasalin guda ɗaya. A kan firam ɗin a cikin JPEG, zaku iya lura da ɓarkewar ƙananan ƙananan bayanai. Mafi sau da yawa, asarar daki-daki yana bayyana akan ci gaba da kafet na ciyawa ko ganyayen bishiya, akan sigar abubuwa da gine-gine. A lokaci guda, cikakkun bayanai masu bambanta, har ma da mafi ƙanƙanta, sun kasance masu kaifi. Wannan tasirin yana faruwa ne ta hanyar aikin tsarin rage amo ko kuma sakamakon aikin takamaiman algorithm matsa lamba - ba zan iya faɗi ba. Af, ana kuma lura da wannan a wasu kyamarori na Canon.

A kowane hali, idan kuna son samun mafi kyawun hoto, yakamata kuyi amfani da RAW. Yana rage tasirin amo, yana isar da cikakken daki-daki, faffadan kewayo mai ƙarfi, da babban sassauƙa wajen gyara fallasa da kurakuran ma'auni na fari. Abin farin ciki, da farko zabar RAW ba lallai ba ne! Kuna iya yin harbi a cikin JPEG, kuma, bayan ɗaukar firam ɗin alhakin, dole ne ku danna maɓallin Falsh nan da nan bayan haka, kuma za a sa ku ajiye wannan firam ɗin a cikin tsarin RAW. Ya dace sosai.

Aiki ta atomatik

Haɗin kai na kyamara yana haifar da kusan babu korafe-korafe. Ma'aunin fari ta atomatik yana sarrafa kowane nau'in hasken halitta da na wucin gadi tare da amincewa. Banda, a al'ada, su ne fitilun gida na yau da kullun - hoton yana da "dumi". Kuma hanyar fita ta al'ada ita ce amfani da ma'auni na fari da aka saita, kuma da kyau wanda aka daidaita. Af, kamara tana ba ku damar tunawa da ƙima biyu na WB kuma kuyi saurin canzawa tsakanin su.

Ma'amalar fallasa daidai ne kuma karko, wanda ake tsammanin daga ci-gaba CTC. Kyamara tana ba da zaɓi na daidaitattun nau'ikan ma'auni guda uku: Multi-zone (ƙimantawa a cikin Canon terminology), matsakaici-ma'auni da tabo (ana iya daidaita shi a tsakiya, ko motsawa tare da wurin mayar da hankali).

Abin takaici, kuskuren "mallaka" tare da nau'ikan ƙididdiga yana tare da mu. An san shekaru da yawa yanzu cewa an haɗu da ma'aunin yanki da yawa da na tsakiya a cikin Canon DSC. Wannan ya shafi duk kyamarori akan na'urar sarrafa DIGIC. Ee, kuma tare da Canon 350D, wanda ke amfani da DIGIC-II, labarin iri ɗaya. Ya isa a kalli fallasa harbe-harbe kamar "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske" (ko akasin haka) don gano rashin daidaituwa.

Amma ku kula da gumakan:

  • multizone (mai kimantawa)
  • masu nauyi na tsakiya
  • digo

Na farko yana aiki kamar na tsakiya mai nauyi, kuma na biyu yana aiki kamar yanki mai yawa. Kuma gumakan sun dace da ainihin halin da ake ciki! Akwai rudani a cikin bayanin kamara, a cikin firmware da kuma a cikin EXIF ​​​​hoton.

To, ni da kai mun san wannan "fasalin" kuma a cikin P, TV, Av da M yanayin za mu iya zaɓar daidai nau'in mita. Abin takaici, a cikin yanayin atomatik da shirye-shiryen batutuwa, nau'ikan suma suna gauraye, kuma ba zai yuwu a ƙara yin tasiri ga wannan ba. Ya rage kawai don gabatar da gyare-gyare ga fallasa kuma ... jira amsar Canon, wanda, duk da haka, ya ci gaba da yin watsi da matsalar.

Dan ɓacin rai tare da saurin autofocus. Da alama G6 yana mai da hankali akan kusan gudu ɗaya da Pro1, kuma wannan shine, gabaɗaya, matsakaicin matakin ga waɗanda ba madubi DSCs. Amma yana da ma'ana don tsammanin wani abu "fiye da matsakaici" daga kyamarar wannan ajin! Kuma dole ne in yarda cewa G6 yana da mafi saurin mayar da hankali a cikin kyamarori bakwai na gaba.

A lokaci guda, ingancin autofocus yana da kyau sosai. A kan titin, a cikin yanayin haske mai kyau, babu kuskure da gazawa. Yayin da matakin haske ya faɗi, ƙarfin mai da hankali yana raguwa a hankali, da farko yana bayyana kansa a matsakaicin tsayin daka, musamman a cikin gida. Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2 m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa da yawa. G6 yana da niyyar mai da hankali kan sabanin layukan tsaye - yana kama da duk na'urorin firikwensin sa a kwance kuma babu giciye guda ɗaya, har ma a tsakiyar. Ya kamata a tuna da wannan, idan kawai saboda a cikin yanayi mai wahala, lokacin da kyamara ba ta son mayar da hankali ta kowace hanya, yana iya isa ya juya shi 45o ko 90o, "kama" mayar da hankali, sannan mayar da shi zuwa matsayinsa na asali. kuma a dauki hoto.

Wani al'adar Canon mara kyau ita ce rashin tarihin "rayuwa" a yanayin harbi. Kuma saboda rashin son matrices CCD don wuce gona da iri, sarrafa haske kafin ɗaukar hoto yana da matuƙar kyawawa! Mafita kawai a cikin wannan yanayin shine a nuna histogram akan hoton auto, wanda ke bayyana akan allon nan da nan bayan “kama” firam. Yana juya kusan kamar duk dijital SLRs. Ba mai girma ba, amma akalla wani abu. Bugu da ƙari, za ku iya ta'azantar da kanku cewa masu DSLR masu farin ciki suna shan wahala iri ɗaya.

Na yi mamaki kuma na gamsu da aikin “hankali” na tsarin rage amo. Duk kafofin sun nuna cewa rage amo (Dark Frame Substruction) a cikin G6 ana kunna shi a saurin rufewa fiye da 1.3 s. (Bari in tunatar da ku cewa "rage firam ɗin duhu" yana aiki don kawar da pixels "zafi" masu haske waɗanda ke bayyana a jinkirin saurin rufewa.) Duk da haka, bisa ga abin da na gani, Dark Frame yana kunna yayin da matrix ɗin ke zafi. Wato, zaku iya harbi, alal misali, a saurin rufewa na 0.8 s, kuma bayan wasu adadin firam ɗin a cikin gudu iri ɗaya, kamara za ta kunna rage amo. Rage saurin rufewa ko hankali kuma ci gaba da harbi - bayan takamaiman adadin firam ɗin duhun duhu yana nan kuma! Tasirin a zahiri yana bayyana da sauri a mafi girman hankali. Don haka da alama cewa 1.3 s shine ƙimar kofa wanda aka kunna rage amo koda akan matrix mara zafi. Ra'ayi mai ban sha'awa sosai!

Yanayin Av, SuperMacro (3Mpix) mayar da hankali, 200 ISO, walƙiya - safiya, farin ma'auni - rana, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -0.3 EV, fallasa 1/100 f/4.0, tsayin tsayi 86mm (daidai.).

Hoton macro

A cikin matsayi mai faɗin kusurwa, ana iya ɗaukar hoto tare da ƙaramin diagonal na 96 mm (girman firam 76.8 x 57.6 mm). Ana samun sakamako mafi kyau a matsakaicin tsayin tsayi: diagonal 70 mm (firam 56 x 42 mm). Kuma a cikin yanayin SuperMacro, yana yiwuwa a iya ɗaukar hoto ko da ƙasa da sau huɗu: diagonal na 33 mm, firam na 26.4 x 19.8 mm.

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanawa 0.3 f/2.0, Bayyanar Raya +1EV, Tsawon Tsawon 35mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, Mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Bayyanar 1/2 f/3.0, Bayyanar Raya +1 EV, Tsawon Tsawon 140mm (Eq.).

Yanayin P, SuperMacro Focus (3Mpix), ISO Auto, Farin Ma'auni - Farin Daidaitawa na Sheet, Exposure 1/2 f/2.5, Exposure Compensation +1 EV, Focal Length 86mm (Eq.) (Mafi girman don yanayin SuperMacro).

Harbin dare

Gwajin harbin dare na gargajiya. Amo a 200 da 400 ISO yana da kyau sosai. Duk da haka, ya kamata a lura cewa G6 bai fi surutu ba fiye da 8-megapixel Canon Pro1 da muka gwada shekara guda da ta gabata (#7'04).

Yanayin TV, 50 ISO, farin ma'auni - rana, fallasa 5s f/5.6, ramuwa mai ɗaukar hoto -1 EV, tsayi mai tsayi 77mm (eq.), Tsarin fayil - RAW, juyawa zuwa Canon RAW Task.

100 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/2.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

200 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/3.5, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

400 ISO, fallasa 1/2 f/5.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -1 EV, ginanniyar tacewa ta NDx8.

Nau'in awo

Amfani da ci gaba da yankuna da yawa, masu matsakaicin nauyi da tabo don yanayin "abu mai duhu akan bangon haske", ya kamata mu sami karuwa a hankali. Don haka shi ne: daga hoto na 1 zuwa hoto na 3, bayyanar yana ƙaruwa, wato, abu na tsakiya (duhu) yana ba da gudummawa mai girma ga bayyanar. Koyaya, an ɗauki hoto 1 (mafi duhu) a cikin yanayin awo na tsakiya, kuma an ɗauki hoto 2 (matsakaicin ƙima) cikin yanayin yankuna da yawa. Babu shakka, waɗannan nau'ikan guda biyu sun haɗu a cikin G6.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/250 f/4.0, ma'aunin nauyi na tsakiya

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, 1/160 f/4.0, Multimetering

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, fallasa 1/40 f/4.0, auna tabo

Tsawon tsayin tsayin daka na 35-140mm (a cikin 35mm equiv.), kodayake ba mai ban mamaki ba ne, ya isa ga yawancin ayyuka.

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, farin ma'auni - Auto, fallasa 1/200 f / 2.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka - 0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 35 mm (daidai).

Yanayin Av, 50 ISO, haske - rana, ma'auni fari - Auto, fallasa 1/160 f / 3.0, ramuwa mai ɗauka -0.6 EV, tsayin tsayin 140 mm (daidai).

Mayar da hankali ga dare

Mai haskakawa na AF yana da tasiri a cikin 1.5-2m, kuma idan kuna ƙoƙarin yin nufin abubuwa tare da babban bambanci, yana taimakawa sosai. An yi harbin ne a iyakar iyawar gani, kuma an yi amfani da hasken baya, wanda aka kunna a cikin yanayin "rage ja-jayen ido", a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, a matsayin haske mai sauƙi don neman asu.

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.)

Yanayin P, Macro mayar da hankali, ISO Auto, Auto fari ma'auni, 1/60 f/3.0 fallasa, -2 EV ramuwa ramuwa, ja-ido rage walƙiya, -1 EV flash diyya, mai da hankali tsawon 140 mm (daidai.) .

Riba

  • Maɗaukaki mai inganci, ruwan tabarau mai sauri (f/2.0-3.0) tare da gyara ɓarna na chromatic.
  • Mafi girman ƙudurin hoto da cikakkun bayanai.
  • Ƙaramar amo.
  • Babban aiwatar da harbi a RAW.
  • Matakin ISO ya fi rabin mataki sama da yadda aka bayyana.
  • Fitar NDx8 na musamman.
  • Takalmi mai zafi don walƙiya na waje, E-TTL.
  • Mai amfani 2" nuni karkata-da-juya
  • Saurin isa ga mafi yawan saitunan harbi.
  • Hannun Ergonomic
  • Batir mai ƙarfi, caji mai sauri.
  • Ingantacciyar girma.
  • An haɗa da sarrafa nesa.

Sakamakon

  • Mayar da hankali ta atomatik yana sannu a hankali.
  • Macro (cikakken ƙuduri).
  • Rashin aiwatar da sarrafa fidda baturi.
  • Babu ​​histogram na "rayuwa".
  • Rashin daki-daki kan nau'ikan rubutu mara kyau (lokacin rubuta hoto a cikin JPEG).
  • Ƙarancin saurin kebul na 1.1, ana buƙatar mai karanta kati don jin daɗin aiki tare da kwamfuta.
  • Mayar da hankali ta atomatik yana sannu a hankali.
  • Macro (cikakken ƙuduri).
  • Rashin aiwatar da sarrafa fidda baturi.
  • Babu ​​histogram na "rayuwa".
  • Asara daki-daki kan ƙananan nau'ikan rubutu zuwa JPEG)
  • Asarar daki-daki akan ƙananan nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan (lokacin yin rikodin hoto a JPEG).
  • Ƙarancin saurin kebul na 1.1, ana buƙatar mai karanta kati don jin daɗin aiki tare da kwamfuta.
  • Kammalawa

    Ina tsammanin "dawowar almara" ta faru. Kamara ba kawai ta gaji daga magabata ba duk mafi kyawun halaye, godiya ga wanda G-jerin ya sami ƙaunar masu amfani da mutunta masu fafatawa, amma kuma ya ɗaga waɗannan halaye zuwa sabon matakin. An warware matsaloli da kasawa da yawa ko kuma an rage su sosai. Wasu abubuwa, kash, ba su canza ba. Amma aƙalla babu sababbin matsaloli. Gabaɗaya, juyin halitta a bayyane yake.

    Babban daki-daki na Canon PowerShot G6, haɓakar launi mai kyau da ƙaramar amo sun sanya shi daidai da mafi kyawun kyamarori na dijital na yau. Wannan, ba shakka, ba har yanzu matakin DSLR ba ne, amma ingancin hotuna wani lokaci ana iya kwatanta su. Kuma, idan aka yi la'akari da girman matrix da kyakkyawar budewar ruwan tabarau na G6, za mu iya cewa da gaske "matakai a kan diddige" na kasafin kudin DSLRs tare da daidaitattun ruwan tabarau na zuƙowa.

    PowerShot G6 shine na waɗanda suke son ɗaukar hotuna masu inganci, amma saboda wasu dalilai ba za su iya ko ba sa so su yi amfani da DSLR: kyamarar tana da haske kuma tana da ƙarfi sosai, kuma nunin swivel yana sa kusurwar harbi ya fi sauƙi. Duk da haka