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Beeline 3G Moscow: gwaji a cikin amfani

Na farko, duk da haka na zahiri, sanin hanyar sadarwar Beeline-3G a Moscow. Cibiyar sadarwa ta 3G a hankali tana rufe wuraren da aka riga aka sani maimakon tsibiran ɗaiɗaikun da ke saman saman da ciki na Zoben Lambu, ya riga ya zama mai ban sha'awa jin yana raye. Kuma ga yadda bytes ke gudana sama da ƙasa akansa. A lokaci guda kuma, auna sauye-sauyen da suka faru a cikin shekarar da ta gabata daga mahangar mabukaci.

Tarihi

Wataƙila kun lura cewa a cikin ƴan watannin da suka gabata (ko ma shekara guda) da ƙyar na yi rubutu game da Intanet ɗin Striped Mobile a Moscow. Don haka, wani lokacin yakan tuna da sabbin abubuwan da suka shafi jadawalin kuɗin fito na gaba da haɓakawa tare da “kalmar shiru mai daɗi”. Dangane da gogewar sirri, akwai kaɗan daga ciki. Ba don cutarwa ba, amma akasin haka, don dalilai na taimakon jama'a kawai. Bayan haka, ni ma mutum ne. Wani lokaci na saka katin SIM a cikin wayar salula kuma na tabbatar da cewa, saboda wani bakon yanayin yanayin, watsa bayanai tare da hanyoyin motsi na yana aiki don haka, kuma a wurin da nake zaune gabaɗaya yakan daskare akai-akai na kusan 30- 90 seconds kusan kowane minti biyar. Dangane da hanyar jirgin karkashin kasa, ga duk abin da aka ayyana "rufin" tunnels da tashoshi, a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i duk hanyar karkashin kasa da ke cikin layin zobe ta zama babban bakar rami guda daya tare da ramukan haske a kowane tashoshi da canji. Ban sani ba, watakila karma na haka yake ko kuma na taka/ tuki a kan titunan “ba daidai ba, amma zuwa Matsar da katin SIM ɗin Beeline zuwa wurin zama na dindindin a cikin mahaifar wayar ba ta so kwata-kwata. Bita na Intanet na wayar hannu ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow yana da kyau sosai, amma wannan shine ainihin lamarin lokacin da "yana da kyau a inda ba mu."

Duk da haka, wata daya da rabi da suka wuce, tabbatacce sake dubawa game da aikin EDGE da 3G a Moscow sun fara bayyana da yawa sau da yawa, ya daina zama kamar sa'a na gida a kowane yanki na birnin. A ƙarshe, a tsakiyar Maris, Beeline ya zama mai karimci tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G na wani yanki na arewacin Moscow, inda ya bugi yankina da "tabo". Wayoyin da ke cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G sun yi rajista sosai ba tare da son rai ba kuma akan windowsill kawai, amma modem cikin fara'a ya ba da rahoton ingantaccen sigina. A wannan lokacin, katin SIM na Beeline ya koma cikin wayar hannu da modem na tsawon mako guda, saboda tsawon lokaci na kusan rashin amfani da sabis na bayanan Beeline, ya kasance mai ban sha'awa sau biyu.

Geography

Mai dai dai, zane-zane. Shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen rediyo abu ne na sabani, saboda mun sami damar tantancewa fiye da sau ɗaya. Kuma da gaske an gargaɗe mu game da wannan taron a ƙaramin bugu akan taswirori. Kuma tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G, tsarin ya juya ya zama sharadi biyu. Na riga na rubuta game da wannan kuma na sake gamsuwa: saboda wasu dalilai, a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, inganci har ma da yiwuwar samun sigina mai ƙarfi ya dogara da ƙirar tashar mai biyan kuɗi. Don haka, ga alama a gare ni cewa jayayya game da gaskiyar taswirar ɗaukar hoto na 3G ba ta da fa'ida sosai. Duk da haka, ina son ganin taswirar ɗaukar hoto na Moscow da yankin Moscow, aƙalla don fahimtar halin da ake ciki gaba ɗaya. Bari ba mafi cikakken kuma ba tare da tunani zuwa gidaje / tituna, amma ina so na dogon lokaci. Don waɗanne dalilai suka ƙi nuna taswirar da kansu, ban gane ba, amma lafiya.

HSDPA/HSUPA

Tuni na farko, mafi kyawun sanin yanayin liyafar / watsawa ya bayyana wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa a cikin nau'i mai girma na canja wurin bayanai daga tashar tashar. Har yanzu, ban ga adadin watsawa sama da 330 Kbps ba a cikin hanyoyin sadarwar 3G na sauran masu aiki. Babu shakka, an ƙaddamar da hanyar sadarwa ta 3G ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow nan da nan a cikin HSPA (High Speed ​​​​Packet Access) sigar tare da goyan bayan ka'idojin canja wurin bayanai masu sauri "ƙasa" (HSDPA - Babban Fakitin Fakitin Sauke) da " sama "(HSUPA - Samun Fakitin Haɗawa Mai Saurin Sauri). Matsakaicin liyafar bayanai har zuwa 14 Mbps ana iya cimma su. da watsawa har zuwa 5.8 Mbps. A mataki na aiwatarwa na yanzu, an yi mana alƙawarin iyakar "saukar" gudun har zuwa 7 Mbps, a aikace, ba shakka, da yawa. Magana daga amsar hukuma: “Gwajiyoyi suna nuna saurin gudu a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G har zuwa 7 Mbps. Gudun ƙarshe akan abubuwan 3G ya dogara da adadin masu amfani, saitunan cibiyar sadarwa da matsakaicin kusan 3 Mbps." Amma game da saurin canja wurin bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwar ("sama"), wannan ya fi wahala. An ƙaddamar da cibiyoyin sadarwar HSPA a ƙasashen waje tare da sigogi daban-daban, amma, yin la'akari da bayanan da aka buga, yawanci a gudun 1.5-2.0 Mbps. cikin Uplink.

A cikin hanyar sadarwar Beeline na yankin Moscow, yana ambaton martanin hukuma na sabis na manema labarai: “. saki na yanzu 3GPP HSPA R6 (HSDPA 14 Mbps, HSUPA 5.76 Mbps) an shigar. Haƙiƙanin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta hanyar wayoyi na gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 3.1 Mbps DL (Downlink) a ƙarƙashin yanayin ƙarancin sassa. A kan hanyar haɗin kai, ainihin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta wayar gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 1.4 Mbps UL (Uplink)."

Da alama, me yasa aka mayar da hankali kan saurin loda bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwa? Akwai kyawawan lambobin saurin zazzage bayanai, galibi ana amfani da su a cikin fitowar manema labarai, ana ba da su azaman misalin saurin zamani kuma idan aka kwatanta da sauran hanyoyin sadarwa. An yi imanin cewa saurin loda bayanai ba shi da mahimmanci ga mai amfani. A mafi yawan lokuta, wannan gaskiya ne, musamman dangane da hawan igiyar yanar gizo. Koyaya, lokacin amfani da Intanet ta wayar hannu azaman madadin hanyar shiga yanar gizo, ƙayyadaddun asymmetry na HSDPA-kawai wani lokacin yana da ban haushi sosai. Misali, Allah ya san me (bisa ga mizanin yau) Archive na hoto mai nauyin 150 MB. za a loda zuwa uwar garken na tsawon awa daya da rabi ko biyu. Aika wasiku tare da haɗe-haɗe masu nauyi kuma ya zama wani taron daban, yayin da ya fi kyau zuwa hayaki ko ma abincin dare. Dubi hoton hoton da ke sama, yana nuna kusan jadawalin "abin koyi" don loda fayil ɗin MB 20 zuwa uwar garken. Ba a loda hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, komai yana daidaita daidai kuma tare da ƙarancin gazawa, amma a lokaci guda, matsakaicin matsakaicin canja wuri ba ya kai 240 Kbps. A kan hanyar sadarwa ta HSDPA/HSUPA, tsarin zai ɗauki ƙasa da lokaci sau biyu zuwa sau uku.

Wani "ba ƙaramin abu ba" shine rage jinkiri (latency), sanannen "ping" iri ɗaya. Na taɓa karanta game da rage jinkiri a cikin hanyar sadarwar HSPA a cikin wani ɗaba'ar kuma yanzu ina son yin imani. A kan hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, uwar garken Speedtest yawanci yana yin rijistar ping a cikin kewayon 210-280 ms, akan hanyar sadarwar HSPA - 130-180 ms.

Shin an riga an daina amfani da modem?

Wani yanayi mai ban sha'awa yana tasowa tare da modem na USB, wanda mafi yawansu ba zai iya ɗaukar abin da cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta shirya don ba su. Abin kunya ne, yarda. Kuma sabon abu, saboda. yanayin "daidai akasin" ya fi kowa yawa. Magana daga wasiƙuna tare da Beeline game da wannan:

“A halin yanzu, modem ɗin da kuke siyar suna goyan bayan matsakaicin ƙimar canja wuri (har) har zuwa 384Kbps. Cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta ba ku damar canja wurin bayanai a cikin sauri fiye da Mbps. Shin modem tare da tallafin HSUPA zasu bayyana akan siyarwa? Yaushe, menene kuma nawa?

Tare da ƙaddamar da 3G, saurin gudu ya ninka sau da yawa. Dangane da wannan, nan gaba kadan za mu gabatar da sabbin samfura na modem na HSDPA masu saurin shigar da sauri zuwa 7.2 Mbps. Ciki har da tallafi don fasahar HSUPA, wanda ke ba ku damar haɓaka saurin fita zuwa 5.7 Mbps."

Tsarin zane

Megabits-megabytes da sauran kyawawan kalmomi suna da ɗan ban sha'awa, amma ko da a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, watsa bayanai ya kasance sabis na biyu. Babban aikin hanyar sadarwar wayar hannu, kamar yadda kuka sani, shine watsa murya. Kuma idan guntuwar cibiyar sadarwa ta yi yawa, to babu “G” da zai cece mu daga irin wannan jadawalin lodin bayanai. A cikin gaskiya, na lura cewa a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G irin waɗannan "gags" ba su da yawa, tare da GPRS / EDGE mai raɗaɗi mai raɗaɗi ba za a iya kwatanta su ba. Amma har yanzu kuna buƙatar tunawa da rashin zaman lafiyar "haɓaka" na watsa bayanai a cikin cibiyoyin sadarwar salula, zai iya barin ku da gangan a lokacin da bai dace ba. Kamar yadda suke cewa, "dokar ta'addanci" har yanzu babu wanda ya soke shi.

A kan hanyar sadarwa mai 'yanci, zazzagewar jadawalin guda 20-megabyte chunks sun bambanta sosai, kusan dukkanin bytes suna tafiya da sauri daidai da sigogin da aka ayyana. Ya kamata a la'akari da cewa a zahiri ana watsa wannan jadawali, kuma ba, zuwa wani ɗan lokaci ba, sakamakon gwajin saurin da ya dace.

Irin wannan jadawali (duba sama) ana iya la'akari da shi daidai ga hanyar sadarwar 3G na Beeline yayin lokutan kasuwanci tare da matsakaicin matsakaici (mai yiwuwa) nauyin cibiyar sadarwa. Sabar tana yin nata gyare-gyare, amma a kowane hali, ainihin ƙimar canja wurin bayanai ba shi yiwuwa ya wuce 1 Mbps, komai kyawun yadda 'yan kasuwa ke zana mu.

Fayil iri ɗaya (megabyte 30), wuri ɗaya kuma kusan lokaci ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Da ɗan sauri, amma ba tsattsauran ra'ayi ba. Kuma kuma da nisa daga isa ko da 1 Mbps. Hotunan suna kama da juna kuma mutum zai yi tunanin cewa ba a sauya katin SIM ɗin da ke cikin modem ɗin ba.

Kusan yanayin "hothouse" don zazzage babban fayil daga sabar mai sauri a ranar hutu, cibiyar sadarwar Beeline. Koyaushe zai yi aiki kamar wannan da farashi mara iyaka a farashi mai hankali, daidai? Abin takaici, irin waɗannan mafarkai ba su zama gaskiya ba, albarkatun hanyar sadarwa suna da iyaka. Kuma a farashin kwatankwacin farashin Intanet mai waya, wannan ba zai yi aiki a kowane hali ba. Ba don komai ba ne cewa duk ma'aikata suna da iyakacin farashi mara iyaka ta wata hanya ko wata, suna barin "kamar yadda yake" kawai gajerun anlims na yini.

Cibiyar sadarwa ta Beeline. Aika da karɓar imel masu nauyin 10 MB. a cikin "greenhouse" sosai, lokacin dare. Ba shi da alaƙa da mummunan gaskiyar rayuwa ta yau da kullun, amma yana da ban sha'awa duban halayen hanyar sadarwar 3G a kusan kyawawan yanayi.

Daidai gwajin iri ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Wannan lokacin Beeline yana da hankali, kuma ƙarancin watsawa ba tare da HSUPA yana da tasiri mai ƙarfi ba. Amma menene kwanciyar hankali, kawai ido yana murna.

Metro

Na yi tafiya har tsawon mako guda tare da katin SIM na Beeline a cikin wayar salula ta, abubuwan ba su da kyau. A kowane hali, sau da yawa mafi kyau fiye da abin da na gani a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa shekara guda da ta wuce. Amma sai ya kasance mummunan gaske, don haka kada ku fada cikin euphoria. Kamar yadda ka sani, "da dare ya fi duhu, taurari sun fi haske" kuma zai zama dole a kwatanta ba da yadda yake ba, amma da yadda ya kamata. A wannan ma'anar, akwai isasshen rauni a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa, musamman a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i. Amma game da bayyanar Beeline-3G a ƙarƙashin ƙasa, yana da kyau a faɗi amsar tambayoyin da aka yi "kamar yadda yake":

“A yau, ana shigar da tashoshin tushe na 3G a tashoshin metro Barrikadnaya, Krasnopresnenskaya, Pushkinskaya, Tverskaya, Chekhovskaya, Kitay-Gorod, Lubyanka, Kuznetsky Most. Yanzu suna kan matakin halattawa, nan gaba kadan muna jiran izinin yin kasuwanci. A halin yanzu, ana siyan kayan aiki don gina hanyar sadarwa a ƙarin nodes na metro guda uku. A karshen shekara, muna shirin samar da sadarwar 3G zuwa tashoshin metro 52.

Ba zan iya ba sai in ambaci "tashi a cikin maganin shafawa" mai ban mamaki mai ban mamaki. Bayan shekara guda, iyakar minti 90 akan ci gaba da haɗin kai har yanzu yana raye, kodayake na riga na yi nasarar mantawa da shi. Ma'anar matsalar ita ce, idan babu "daidaitaccen" aiki na awa daya da rabi, haɗin yana raguwa ba tare da tausayi ba bayan daidai minti 90 kuma babu wani ƙoƙari na abokin ciniki na ICQ da zai iya ceton ku daga wannan annoba, dole ne ku sake haɗawa. Ta hanyar "daidai" aiki, idan ban yi kuskure ba, Beeline ta fahimci shirye-shiryen cinye aƙalla kilobytes 450 na zirga-zirga a wannan lokacin. A wannan yanayin, komai zai yi kyau kuma babu wanda zai shiga haɗin jinin ku. A gefe guda, bai haifar da tashin hankali a gare ni da kaina ba, tun lokacin da abokin ciniki na ICQ ya haɗa da sauri kuma ba tare da matsala ba yayin wannan makon gwaji na sharadi. Wataƙila na sami sa'a, amma gaskiyar ta kasance.

Beeline 3G Moscow: gwaji a cikin amfani

Na farko, duk da haka na zahiri, sanin hanyar sadarwar Beeline-3G a Moscow. Cibiyar sadarwa ta 3G a hankali tana rufe wuraren da aka riga aka sani maimakon tsibiran ɗaiɗaikun da ke saman saman da ciki na Zoben Lambu, ya riga ya zama mai ban sha'awa jin yana raye. Kuma ga yadda bytes ke gudana sama da ƙasa akansa. A lokaci guda, ta fuskar mabukaci, auna sauye-sauyen da suka faru a cikin shekarar da ta gabata.

Tarihi

Wataƙila kun lura cewa a cikin ƴan watannin da suka gabata (ko ma shekara guda) da ƙyar na yi rubutu game da Intanet ɗin Striped Mobile a Moscow. Don haka, wani lokacin yakan tuna da sabbin abubuwan da suka shafi jadawalin kuɗin fito na gaba da haɓakawa tare da “kalmar shiru mai daɗi”. Dangane da gogewar sirri, akwai kaɗan daga ciki. Ba don cutarwa ba, amma akasin haka, don dalilai na taimakon jama'a kawai. Bayan haka, ni ma mutum ne. Wani lokaci na saka katin SIM a cikin wayar salula kuma na tabbatar da cewa, saboda wani bakon yanayin yanayin, watsa bayanai tare da hanyoyin motsi na yana aiki don haka, kuma a wurin da nake zaune gabaɗaya yakan daskare akai-akai na kusan 30- 90 seconds kusan kowane minti biyar. Dangane da hanyar jirgin karkashin kasa, ga duk abin da aka ayyana "rufin" tunnels da tashoshi, a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i duk hanyar karkashin kasa da ke cikin layin zobe ta zama babban bakar rami guda daya tare da ramukan haske a kowane tashoshi da canji. Ban sani ba, watakila karma na haka yake ko kuma na taka/ tuki a kan titunan “ba daidai ba, amma zuwa Matsar da katin SIM ɗin Beeline zuwa wurin zama na dindindin a cikin mahaifar wayar ba ta so kwata-kwata. Bita na Intanet ta wayar hannu ta Beeline a yankin Moscow yana da kyau sosai, amma wannan shine ainihin lamarin lokacin da "yana da kyau a inda ba mu kasance ba."

Duk da haka, wata daya da rabi da suka wuce, tabbatacce sake dubawa game da aikin EDGE da 3G a Moscow sun fara bayyana da yawa sau da yawa, ya daina zama kamar sa'a na gida a kowane yanki na birnin. A ƙarshe, a tsakiyar Maris, Beeline ya zama mai karimci tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G na wani yanki na arewacin Moscow, inda ya bugi yankina da "tabo". Wayoyin da ke cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G sun yi rajista sosai ba tare da son rai ba kuma akan windowsill kawai, amma modem cikin fara'a ya ba da rahoton ingantaccen sigina. A wannan lokacin, katin SIM na Beeline ya koma cikin wayar hannu da modem na tsawon mako guda, saboda tsawon lokaci na kusan rashin amfani da sabis na bayanan Beeline, ya kasance mai ban sha'awa sau biyu.

Geography

Mai dai dai, zane-zane. Shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen rediyo abu ne na sabani, saboda mun sami damar tantancewa fiye da sau ɗaya. Kuma da gaske an gargaɗe mu game da wannan taron a ƙaramin bugu akan taswirori. Kuma tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G, tsarin ya juya ya zama sharadi biyu. Na riga na rubuta game da wannan kuma na sake gamsuwa: saboda wasu dalilai, a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, inganci har ma da yiwuwar samun sigina mai ƙarfi ya dogara da ƙirar tashar mai biyan kuɗi. Don haka, ga alama a gare ni cewa jayayya game da gaskiyar taswirar ɗaukar hoto na 3G ba ta da fa'ida sosai. Duk da haka, ina son ganin taswirar ɗaukar hoto na Moscow da yankin Moscow, aƙalla don fahimtar halin da ake ciki gaba ɗaya. Bari ba mafi cikakken kuma ba tare da tunani zuwa gidaje / tituna, amma ina so na dogon lokaci. Don waɗanne dalilai suka ƙi nuna taswirar da kansu, ban gane ba, amma lafiya.

HSDPA/HSUPA

Tuni na farko, mafi kyawun sanin yanayin liyafar / watsawa ya bayyana wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa a cikin nau'i mai girma na canja wurin bayanai daga tashar tashar. Har yanzu, a cikin cibiyoyin sadarwar 3G na wasu masu aiki, ban ga saurin watsawa sama da 330 Kbps ba. Babu shakka, an ƙaddamar da hanyar sadarwa ta 3G ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow nan da nan a cikin HSPA (High Speed ​​​​Packet Access) sigar tare da goyan bayan ka'idojin canja wurin bayanai masu sauri "ƙasa" (HSDPA - Babban Fakitin Fakitin Sauke) da " sama "(HSUPA - Samun Fakitin Haɗawa Mai Saurin Sauri). Matsakaicin liyafar bayanai har zuwa 14 Mbps ana iya cimma su. da watsawa har zuwa 5.8 Mbps. A mataki na aiwatarwa na yanzu, an yi mana alƙawarin iyakar "saukar" gudun har zuwa 7 Mbps, a aikace, ba shakka, da yawa. Magana daga amsar hukuma: “Gwajiyoyi suna nuna saurin gudu a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G har zuwa 7 Mbps. Gudun ƙarshe akan abubuwan 3G ya dogara da adadin masu amfani, saitunan cibiyar sadarwa da matsakaicin kusan 3 Mbps." Amma game da saurin canja wurin bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwar ("sama"), wannan ya fi wahala. An ƙaddamar da cibiyoyin sadarwar HSPA a ƙasashen waje tare da sigogi daban-daban, amma, yin hukunci ta hanyar bayanan da aka buga, yawanci a gudun 1.5-2.0 Mbps. cikin Uplink.

A cikin hanyar sadarwar Beeline na yankin Moscow, yana ambaton martanin hukuma na sabis na manema labarai: “. saki na yanzu 3GPP HSPA R6 (HSDPA 14 Mbps, HSUPA 5.76 Mbps) an shigar. Haƙiƙanin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta hanyar wayoyi na gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 3.1 Mbps DL (Downlink) a ƙarƙashin yanayin ƙarancin sassa. A kan hanyar haɗin kai, ainihin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta wayar gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 1.4 Mbps UL (Uplink)."

Da alama, me yasa aka mayar da hankali kan saurin loda bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwa? Akwai kyawawan lambobin saurin zazzage bayanai, galibi ana amfani da su a cikin fitowar manema labarai, ana ba da su azaman misalin saurin zamani kuma idan aka kwatanta da sauran hanyoyin sadarwa. An yi imanin cewa saurin loda bayanai ba shi da mahimmanci ga mai amfani. A mafi yawan lokuta, wannan gaskiya ne, musamman dangane da hawan igiyar yanar gizo. Koyaya, lokacin amfani da Intanet ta wayar hannu azaman madadin hanyar shiga yanar gizo, ƙayyadaddun asymmetry na HSDPA-kawai wani lokacin yana da ban haushi sosai. Misali, Allah ya san me (bisa ga mizanin yau) Archive na hoto mai nauyin 150 MB. za a loda zuwa uwar garken na tsawon awa daya da rabi ko biyu. Aika wasiku tare da haɗe-haɗe masu nauyi kuma ya zama wani taron daban, yayin da ya fi kyau zuwa hayaki ko ma abincin dare. Dubi hoton hoton da ke sama, yana nuna kusan jadawalin "abin koyi" don loda fayil ɗin MB 20 zuwa uwar garken. Ba a loda hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, komai yana daidaita daidai kuma tare da ƙarancin gazawa, amma a lokaci guda, matsakaicin matsakaicin canja wuri ba ya kai 240 Kbps. A kan hanyar sadarwa ta HSDPA/HSUPA, tsarin zai ɗauki ƙasa da lokaci sau biyu zuwa sau uku.

Wani "ba ƙaramin abu ba" shine rage jinkiri (latency), sanannen "ping" iri ɗaya. Na taɓa karanta game da rage jinkiri a cikin hanyar sadarwar HSPA a cikin wani ɗaba'ar kuma yanzu ina son yin imani. A kan hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, uwar garken Speedtest yawanci yana yin rijistar ping a cikin kewayon 210-280 ms, akan hanyar sadarwar HSPA - 130-180 ms.

Shin an riga an daina amfani da modem?

Wani yanayi mai ban sha'awa yana tasowa tare da modem na USB, wanda mafi yawansu ba zai iya ɗaukar abin da cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta shirya don ba su. Abin kunya ne, yarda. Kuma sabon abu, saboda. yanayin "daidai akasin" ya fi kowa yawa. Magana daga wasiƙuna tare da Beeline game da wannan:

“A halin yanzu, modem ɗin da kuke siyar suna goyan bayan matsakaicin ƙimar canja wuri (har) har zuwa 384Kbps. Cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta ba ku damar canja wurin bayanai a cikin sauri fiye da Mbps. Shin modem tare da tallafin HSUPA zasu bayyana akan siyarwa? Yaushe, menene kuma nawa?

Tare da ƙaddamar da 3G, saurin gudu ya ninka sau da yawa. Dangane da wannan, nan gaba kadan za mu gabatar da sabbin samfura na modem na HSDPA masu saurin shigar da sauri zuwa 7.2 Mbps. Ciki har da tallafi don fasahar HSUPA, wanda ke ba ku damar haɓaka saurin fita zuwa 5.7 Mbps."

Tsarin zane

Megabits-megabytes da sauran kyawawan kalmomi suna da ɗan ban sha'awa, amma ko da a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, watsa bayanai ya kasance sabis na biyu. Babban aikin hanyar sadarwar wayar hannu, kamar yadda kuka sani, shine watsa murya. Kuma idan guntuwar cibiyar sadarwa ta yi yawa, to babu “G” da zai cece mu daga irin wannan jadawalin lodin bayanai. A cikin gaskiya, na lura cewa a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G irin waɗannan "gags" ba su da yawa, tare da GPRS / EDGE mai raɗaɗi mai raɗaɗi ba za a iya kwatanta su ba. Amma har yanzu kuna buƙatar tunawa da rashin zaman lafiyar "haɓaka" na watsa bayanai a cikin cibiyoyin sadarwar salula, zai iya barin ku da gangan a lokacin da bai dace ba. Kamar yadda suke cewa, "dokar ta'addanci" har yanzu babu wanda ya soke shi.

A kan hanyar sadarwa mai 'yanci, zazzagewar jadawalin guda 20-megabyte chunks sun bambanta sosai, kusan dukkanin bytes suna tafiya da sauri daidai da sigogin da aka ayyana. Ya kamata a la'akari da cewa a zahiri ana watsa wannan jadawali, kuma ba, zuwa wani ɗan lokaci ba, sakamakon gwajin saurin da ya dace.

Irin wannan jadawali (duba sama) ana iya la'akari da shi daidai ga hanyar sadarwar 3G na Beeline yayin lokutan kasuwanci tare da matsakaicin matsakaici (mai yiwuwa) nauyin cibiyar sadarwa. Sabar tana yin nata gyare-gyare, amma a kowane hali, ainihin ƙimar canja wurin bayanai ba shi yiwuwa ya wuce 1 Mbps, komai kyawun yadda 'yan kasuwa ke zana mu.

Fayil iri ɗaya (megabyte 30), wuri ɗaya kuma kusan lokaci ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Da ɗan sauri, amma ba tsattsauran ra'ayi ba. Kuma kuma da nisa daga isa ko da 1 Mbps. Hotunan suna kama da juna kuma mutum zai yi tunanin cewa ba a canza katin SIM ɗin da ke cikin modem ɗin ba.

Kusan yanayin "hothouse" don zazzage babban fayil daga sabar mai sauri a ranar hutu, cibiyar sadarwar Beeline. Koyaushe zai yi aiki kamar wannan da farashi mara iyaka a farashi mai hankali, daidai? Abin takaici, irin waɗannan mafarkai ba su zama gaskiya ba, albarkatun hanyar sadarwa suna da iyaka. Kuma a farashin kwatankwacin farashin Intanet mai waya, wannan ba zai yi aiki a kowane hali ba. Ba don komai ba ne cewa duk ma'aikata suna da iyakacin farashi mara iyaka ta wata hanya ko wata, suna barin "kamar yadda yake" kawai gajerun anlims na yini.

Cibiyar sadarwa ta Beeline. Aika da karɓar imel masu nauyin 10 MB. a cikin "greenhouse" sosai, lokacin dare. Ba shi da alaƙa da mummunan gaskiyar rayuwa ta yau da kullun, amma yana da ban sha'awa duban halayen hanyar sadarwar 3G a kusan kyawawan yanayi.

Daidai gwajin iri ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Wannan lokacin Beeline yana da hankali, kuma ƙarancin watsawa ba tare da HSUPA yana da tasiri mai ƙarfi ba. Amma menene kwanciyar hankali, kawai ido yana murna.

Metro

Na yi tafiya har tsawon mako guda tare da katin SIM na Beeline a cikin wayar salula ta, abubuwan ba su da kyau. A kowane hali, sau da yawa mafi kyau fiye da abin da na gani a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa shekara guda da ta wuce. Amma sai ya kasance mummunan gaske, don haka kada ku fada cikin euphoria. Kamar yadda ka sani, "da dare ya fi duhu, taurari sun fi haske" kuma zai zama dole a kwatanta ba da yadda yake ba, amma da yadda ya kamata. A wannan ma'anar, akwai isasshen rauni a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa, musamman a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i. Amma game da bayyanar Beeline-3G a ƙarƙashin ƙasa, yana da kyau a faɗi amsar tambayoyin da aka yi "kamar yadda yake":

“A yau, ana shigar da tashoshin tushe na 3G a tashoshin metro Barrikadnaya, Krasnopresnenskaya, Pushkinskaya, Tverskaya, Chekhovskaya, Kitay-Gorod, Lubyanka, Kuznetsky Most. Yanzu suna kan matakin halattawa, nan gaba kadan muna jiran izinin yin kasuwanci. A halin yanzu, ana siyan kayan aiki don gina hanyar sadarwa a ƙarin nodes na metro guda uku. A karshen shekara, muna shirin samar da sadarwar 3G zuwa tashoshin metro 52.

Ba zan iya ba sai in ambaci "tashi a cikin maganin shafawa" mai ban mamaki mai ban mamaki. Bayan shekara guda, iyakar minti 90 akan ci gaba da haɗin kai har yanzu yana raye, kodayake na riga na yi nasarar mantawa da shi. Ma'anar matsalar ita ce, idan babu "daidaitaccen" aiki na awa daya da rabi, haɗin yana raguwa ba tare da tausayi ba bayan daidai minti 90 kuma babu wani ƙoƙari na abokin ciniki na ICQ da zai iya ceton ku daga wannan annoba, dole ne ku sake haɗawa. Ta hanyar "daidai" aiki, idan ban yi kuskure ba, Beeline ta fahimci shirye-shiryen cinye aƙalla kilobytes 450 na zirga-zirga a wannan lokacin. A wannan yanayin, komai zai yi kyau kuma babu wanda zai shiga haɗin jinin ku. A gefe guda, bai haifar da tashin hankali a gare ni da kaina ba, tun lokacin da abokin ciniki na ICQ ya haɗa da sauri kuma ba tare da matsala ba yayin wannan makon gwaji na sharadi. Wataƙila na sami sa'a, amma gaskiyar ta kasance.

Beeline 3G Moscow: gwaji a cikin amfani

Na farko, duk da haka na zahiri, sanin hanyar sadarwar Beeline-3G a Moscow. Cibiyar sadarwa ta 3G a hankali tana rufe wuraren da aka riga aka sani maimakon tsibiran ɗaiɗaikun da ke saman saman da ciki na Zoben Lambu, ya riga ya zama mai ban sha'awa jin yana raye. Kuma ga yadda bytes ke gudana sama da ƙasa akansa. A lokaci guda kuma, auna sauye-sauyen da suka faru a cikin shekarar da ta gabata daga mahangar mabukaci.

Tarihi

Wataƙila kun lura cewa a cikin ƴan watannin da suka gabata (ko ma shekara guda) da ƙyar na yi rubutu game da Intanet ɗin Striped Mobile a Moscow. Don haka, wani lokacin yakan tuna da sabbin abubuwan da suka shafi jadawalin kuɗin fito na gaba da haɓakawa tare da “kalmar shiru mai daɗi”. Dangane da gogewar sirri, akwai kaɗan daga ciki. Ba don cutarwa ba, amma akasin haka, don dalilai na taimakon jama'a kawai. Bayan haka, ni ma mutum ne. Wani lokaci na saka katin SIM a cikin wayar salula kuma na tabbatar da cewa, saboda wani bakon yanayin yanayin, watsa bayanai tare da hanyoyin motsi na yana aiki don haka, kuma a wurin da nake zaune gabaɗaya yakan daskare akai-akai na kusan 30- 90 seconds kusan kowane minti biyar. Dangane da hanyar jirgin karkashin kasa, ga duk abin da aka ayyana "rufin" tunnels da tashoshi, a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i duk hanyar karkashin kasa da ke cikin layin zobe ta zama babban bakar rami guda daya tare da ramukan haske a kowane tashoshi da canji. Ban sani ba, watakila karma na haka yake ko kuma na taka/ tuki a kan titunan “ba daidai ba, amma zuwa Matsar da katin SIM ɗin Beeline zuwa wurin zama na dindindin a cikin mahaifar wayar ba ta so kwata-kwata. Bita na Intanet na wayar hannu ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow yana da kyau sosai, amma wannan shine ainihin lamarin lokacin da "yana da kyau a inda ba mu."

Duk da haka, wata daya da rabi da suka wuce, tabbatacce sake dubawa game da aikin EDGE da 3G a Moscow sun fara bayyana da yawa sau da yawa, ya daina zama kamar sa'a na gida a kowane yanki na birnin. A ƙarshe, a tsakiyar Maris, Beeline ya zama mai karimci tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G na wani yanki na arewacin Moscow, inda ya bugi yankina da "tabo". Wayoyin da ke cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G sun yi rajista sosai ba tare da son rai ba kuma akan windowsill kawai, amma modem cikin fara'a ya ba da rahoton ingantaccen sigina. A wannan lokacin, katin SIM na Beeline ya koma cikin wayar hannu da modem na tsawon mako guda, saboda tsawon lokaci na kusan rashin amfani da sabis na bayanan Beeline, ya kasance mai ban sha'awa sau biyu.

Geography

Mai dai dai, zane-zane. Shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen rediyo abu ne na sabani, saboda mun sami damar tantancewa fiye da sau ɗaya. Kuma da gaske an gargaɗe mu game da wannan taron a ƙaramin bugu akan taswirori. Kuma tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G, tsarin ya juya ya zama sharadi biyu. Na riga na rubuta game da wannan kuma na sake gamsuwa: saboda wasu dalilai, a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, inganci har ma da yiwuwar samun sigina mai ƙarfi ya dogara da ƙirar tashar mai biyan kuɗi. Don haka, ga alama a gare ni cewa jayayya game da gaskiyar taswirar ɗaukar hoto na 3G ba ta da fa'ida sosai. Duk da haka, ina son ganin taswirar ɗaukar hoto na Moscow da yankin Moscow, aƙalla don fahimtar halin da ake ciki gaba ɗaya. Bari ba mafi cikakken kuma ba tare da tunani zuwa gidaje / tituna, amma ina so na dogon lokaci. Don waɗanne dalilai suka ƙi nuna taswirar da kansu, ban gane ba, amma lafiya.

HSDPA/HSUPA

Tuni na farko, mafi kyawun sanin yanayin liyafar / watsawa ya bayyana wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa a cikin nau'i mai girma na canja wurin bayanai daga tashar tashar. Har yanzu, a cikin cibiyoyin sadarwar 3G na wasu masu aiki, ban ga saurin watsawa sama da 330 Kbps ba. Babu shakka, an ƙaddamar da hanyar sadarwa ta 3G ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow nan da nan a cikin HSPA (High Speed ​​​​Packet Access) sigar tare da goyan bayan ka'idojin canja wurin bayanai masu sauri "ƙasa" (HSDPA - Babban Fakitin Fakitin Sauke) da " sama "(HSUPA - Samun Fakitin Haɗawa Mai Saurin Sauri). Matsakaicin liyafar bayanai har zuwa 14 Mbps ana iya cimma su. da watsawa har zuwa 5.8 Mbps. A mataki na aiwatarwa na yanzu, an yi mana alƙawarin iyakar "saukar" gudun har zuwa 7 Mbps, a aikace, ba shakka, da yawa. Magana daga amsar hukuma: “Gwajiyoyi suna nuna saurin gudu a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G har zuwa 7 Mbps. Gudun ƙarshe akan abubuwan 3G ya dogara da adadin masu amfani, saitunan cibiyar sadarwa da matsakaicin kusan 3 Mbps." Amma game da saurin canja wurin bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwar ("sama"), wannan ya fi wahala. An ƙaddamar da cibiyoyin sadarwar HSPA a ƙasashen waje tare da sigogi daban-daban, amma, yin hukunci ta hanyar bayanan da aka buga, yawanci a gudun 1.5-2.0 Mbps. cikin Uplink.

A cikin hanyar sadarwar Beeline na yankin Moscow, yana ambaton martanin hukuma na sabis na manema labarai: “. saki na yanzu 3GPP HSPA R6 (HSDPA 14 Mbps, HSUPA 5.76 Mbps) an shigar. Haƙiƙanin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta hanyar wayoyi na gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 3.1 Mbps DL (Downlink) a ƙarƙashin yanayin ƙarancin sassa. A kan hanyar haɗin kai, ainihin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta wayar gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 1.4 Mbps UL (Uplink)."

Da alama, me yasa aka mayar da hankali kan saurin loda bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwa? Akwai kyawawan lambobin saurin zazzage bayanai, galibi ana amfani da su a cikin fitowar manema labarai, ana ba da su azaman misalin saurin zamani kuma idan aka kwatanta da sauran hanyoyin sadarwa. An yi imanin cewa saurin loda bayanai ba shi da mahimmanci ga mai amfani. A mafi yawan lokuta, wannan gaskiya ne, musamman dangane da hawan igiyar yanar gizo. Koyaya, lokacin amfani da Intanet ta wayar hannu azaman madadin hanyar shiga yanar gizo, ƙayyadaddun asymmetry na HSDPA-kawai wani lokacin yana da ban haushi sosai. Misali, Allah ya san me (bisa ga mizanin yau) Archive na hoto mai nauyin 150 MB. za a loda zuwa uwar garken na tsawon awa daya da rabi ko biyu. Aika wasiku tare da haɗe-haɗe masu nauyi kuma ya zama wani taron daban, yayin da ya fi kyau zuwa hayaki ko ma abincin dare. Dubi hoton hoton da ke sama, yana nuna kusan jadawalin "abin koyi" don loda fayil ɗin MB 20 zuwa uwar garken. Ba a loda hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, komai yana daidaita daidai kuma tare da ƙarancin gazawa, amma a lokaci guda, matsakaicin matsakaicin canja wuri ba ya kai 240 Kbps. A kan hanyar sadarwa ta HSDPA/HSUPA, tsarin zai ɗauki ƙasa da lokaci sau biyu zuwa sau uku.

Wani "ba ƙaramin abu ba" shine rage jinkiri (latency), sanannen "ping" iri ɗaya. Na taɓa karanta game da rage jinkiri a cikin hanyar sadarwar HSPA a cikin wani ɗaba'ar kuma yanzu ina son yin imani. A kan hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, uwar garken Speedtest yawanci yana yin rijistar ping a cikin kewayon 210-280 ms, akan hanyar sadarwar HSPA - 130-180 ms.

Shin an riga an daina amfani da modem?

Wani yanayi mai ban sha'awa yana tasowa tare da modem na USB, wanda mafi yawansu ba zai iya ɗaukar abin da cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta shirya don ba su. Abin kunya ne, yarda. Kuma sabon abu, saboda. yanayin "daidai akasin" ya fi kowa yawa. Magana daga wasiƙuna tare da Beeline game da wannan:

“A halin yanzu, modem ɗin da kuke siyar suna goyan bayan matsakaicin ƙimar canja wuri (har) har zuwa 384Kbps. Cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta ba ku damar canja wurin bayanai a cikin sauri fiye da Mbps. Shin modem tare da tallafin HSUPA zasu bayyana akan siyarwa? Yaushe, menene kuma nawa?

Tare da ƙaddamar da 3G, saurin gudu ya ninka sau da yawa. Dangane da wannan, nan gaba kadan za mu gabatar da sabbin samfura na modem na HSDPA masu saurin shigar da sauri zuwa 7.2 Mbps. Ciki har da tallafi don fasahar HSUPA, wanda ke ba ku damar haɓaka saurin fita zuwa 5.7 Mbps."

Tsarin zane

Megabits-megabytes da sauran kyawawan kalmomi suna da ɗan ban sha'awa, amma ko da a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, watsa bayanai ya kasance sabis na biyu. Babban aikin hanyar sadarwar wayar hannu, kamar yadda kuka sani, shine watsa murya. Kuma idan guntuwar cibiyar sadarwa ta yi yawa, to babu “G” da zai cece mu daga irin wannan jadawalin lodin bayanai. A cikin gaskiya, na lura cewa a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G irin waɗannan "gags" ba su da yawa, tare da GPRS / EDGE mai raɗaɗi mai raɗaɗi ba za a iya kwatanta su ba. Amma har yanzu kuna buƙatar tunawa da rashin zaman lafiyar "haɓaka" na watsa bayanai a cikin cibiyoyin sadarwar salula, zai iya barin ku da gangan a lokacin da bai dace ba. Kamar yadda suke cewa, "dokar ta'addanci" har yanzu babu wanda ya soke shi.

A kan hanyar sadarwa mai 'yanci, zazzagewar jadawalin guda 20-megabyte chunks sun bambanta sosai, kusan dukkanin bytes suna tafiya da sauri daidai da sigogin da aka ayyana. Ya kamata a la'akari da cewa a zahiri ana watsa wannan jadawali, kuma ba, zuwa wani ɗan lokaci ba, sakamakon gwajin saurin da ya dace.

Irin wannan jadawali (duba sama) ana iya la'akari da shi daidai ga hanyar sadarwar 3G na Beeline yayin lokutan kasuwanci tare da matsakaicin matsakaici (mai yiwuwa) nauyin cibiyar sadarwa. Sabar tana yin nata gyare-gyare, amma a kowane hali, ainihin ƙimar canja wurin bayanai ba shi yiwuwa ya wuce 1 Mbps, komai kyawun yadda 'yan kasuwa ke zana mu.

Fayil iri ɗaya (megabyte 30), wuri ɗaya kuma kusan lokaci ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Da ɗan sauri, amma ba tsattsauran ra'ayi ba. Kuma kuma da nisa daga isa ko da 1 Mbps. Hotunan suna kama da juna kuma mutum zai yi tunanin cewa ba a canza katin SIM ɗin da ke cikin modem ɗin ba.

Kusan yanayin "hothouse" don zazzage babban fayil daga sabar mai sauri a ranar hutu, cibiyar sadarwar Beeline. Koyaushe zai yi aiki kamar wannan da farashi mara iyaka a farashi mai hankali, daidai? Abin takaici, irin waɗannan mafarkai ba su zama gaskiya ba, albarkatun hanyar sadarwa suna da iyaka. Kuma a farashin kwatankwacin farashin Intanet mai waya, wannan ba zai yi aiki a kowane hali ba. Ba don komai ba ne cewa duk ma'aikata suna da iyakacin farashi mara iyaka ta wata hanya ko wata, suna barin "kamar yadda yake" kawai gajerun anlims na yini.

Cibiyar sadarwa ta Beeline. Aika da karɓar imel masu nauyin 10 MB. a cikin "greenhouse" sosai, lokacin dare. Ba shi da alaƙa da mummunan gaskiyar rayuwa ta yau da kullun, amma yana da ban sha'awa duban halayen hanyar sadarwar 3G a kusan kyawawan yanayi.

Daidai gwajin iri ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Wannan lokacin Beeline yana da hankali, kuma ƙarancin watsawa ba tare da HSUPA yana da tasiri mai ƙarfi ba. Amma menene kwanciyar hankali, kawai ido yana murna.

Metro

Na yi tafiya har tsawon mako guda tare da katin SIM na Beeline a cikin wayar salula ta, abubuwan ba su da kyau. A kowane hali, sau da yawa mafi kyau fiye da abin da na gani a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa shekara guda da ta wuce. Amma sai ya kasance mummunan gaske, don haka kada ku fada cikin euphoria. Kamar yadda ka sani, "da dare ya fi duhu, taurari sun fi haske" kuma zai zama dole a kwatanta ba da yadda yake ba, amma da yadda ya kamata. A wannan ma'anar, akwai isasshen rauni a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa, musamman a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i. Amma game da bayyanar Beeline-3G a ƙarƙashin ƙasa, yana da kyau a faɗi amsar tambayoyin da aka yi "kamar yadda yake":

“A yau, ana shigar da tashoshin tushe na 3G a tashoshin metro Barrikadnaya, Krasnopresnenskaya, Pushkinskaya, Tverskaya, Chekhovskaya, Kitay-Gorod, Lubyanka, Kuznetsky Most. Yanzu suna kan matakin halattawa, nan gaba kadan muna jiran izinin yin kasuwanci. A halin yanzu, ana siyan kayan aiki don gina hanyar sadarwa a ƙarin nodes na metro guda uku. A karshen shekara, muna shirin samar da sadarwar 3G zuwa tashoshin metro 52.

Ba zan iya ba sai in ambaci "tashi a cikin maganin shafawa" mai ban mamaki mai ban mamaki. Bayan shekara guda, iyakar minti 90 akan ci gaba da haɗin kai har yanzu yana raye, kodayake na riga na yi nasarar mantawa da shi. Ma'anar matsalar ita ce, idan babu "daidaitaccen" aiki na awa daya da rabi, haɗin yana raguwa ba tare da tausayi ba bayan daidai minti 90 kuma babu wani ƙoƙari na abokin ciniki na ICQ da zai iya ceton ku daga wannan annoba, dole ne ku sake haɗawa. Ta hanyar "daidai" aiki, idan ban yi kuskure ba, Beeline ta fahimci shirye-shiryen cinye aƙalla kilobytes 450 na zirga-zirga a wannan lokacin. A wannan yanayin, komai zai yi kyau kuma babu wanda zai shiga haɗin jinin ku. A gefe guda, bai haifar da tashin hankali a gare ni da kaina ba, tun lokacin da abokin ciniki na ICQ ya haɗa da sauri kuma ba tare da matsala ba yayin wannan makon gwaji na sharadi. Wataƙila na sami sa'a, amma gaskiyar ta kasance.

Beeline 3G Moscow: gwaji a cikin amfani

Na farko, duk da haka na zahiri, sanin hanyar sadarwar Beeline-3G a Moscow. Cibiyar sadarwa ta 3G a hankali tana rufe wuraren da aka riga aka sani maimakon tsibiran ɗaiɗaikun da ke saman saman da ciki na Zoben Lambu, ya riga ya zama mai ban sha'awa jin yana raye. Kuma ga yadda bytes ke gudana sama da ƙasa akansa. A lokaci guda kuma, auna sauye-sauyen da suka faru a cikin shekarar da ta gabata daga mahangar mabukaci.

Tarihi

Wataƙila kun lura cewa a cikin ƴan watannin da suka gabata (ko ma shekara guda) da ƙyar na yi rubutu game da Intanet ɗin Striped Mobile a Moscow. Don haka, wani lokacin yakan tuna da sabbin abubuwan da suka shafi jadawalin kuɗin fito na gaba da haɓakawa tare da “kalmar shiru mai daɗi”. Dangane da gogewar sirri, akwai kaɗan daga ciki. Ba don cutarwa ba, amma akasin haka, don dalilai na taimakon jama'a kawai. Bayan haka, ni ma mutum ne. Wani lokaci na saka katin SIM a cikin wayar salula kuma na tabbatar da cewa, saboda wani bakon yanayin yanayin, watsa bayanai tare da hanyoyin motsi na yana aiki don haka, kuma a wurin da nake zaune gabaɗaya yakan daskare akai-akai na kusan 30- 90 seconds kusan kowane minti biyar. Dangane da hanyar jirgin karkashin kasa, ga duk abin da aka ayyana "rufin" tunnels da tashoshi, a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i duk hanyar karkashin kasa da ke cikin layin zobe ta zama babban bakar rami guda daya tare da ramukan haske a kowane tashoshi da canji. Ban sani ba, watakila ina da irin wannan karma ko tafiya / tuki a kan titunan "ba daidai ba", amma ba na so in matsar da katin SIM na Beeline zuwa wurin zama na dindindin a cikin mahaifar wayar hannu. Bita na Intanet na wayar hannu ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow yana da kyau sosai, amma wannan shine ainihin lamarin lokacin da "yana da kyau a inda ba mu."

Wataƙila kun lura cewa a cikin 'yan watannin da suka gabata (ko ma shekara guda) da kyar na yi rubutu game da "Intanet ɗin Wayar Hannu" a Moscow. Don haka, wani lokacin yakan tuna da sabbin abubuwan da suka shafi jadawalin kuɗin fito na gaba da haɓakawa tare da “kalmar shiru mai daɗi”. Dangane da gogewar sirri, akwai kaɗan daga ciki. Ba don cutarwa ba, amma akasin haka, don dalilai na taimakon jama'a kawai. Bayan haka, ni ma mutum ne. Wani lokaci na saka katin SIM a cikin wayar salula kuma na tabbatar da cewa, saboda wani bakon yanayin yanayin, watsa bayanai tare da hanyoyin motsi na yana aiki don haka, kuma a wurin da nake zaune gabaɗaya yakan daskare akai-akai na kusan 30- 90 seconds kusan kowane minti biyar. Dangane da hanyar jirgin karkashin kasa, ga duk abin da aka ayyana "rufin" tunnels da tashoshi, a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i duk hanyar karkashin kasa da ke cikin layin zobe ta zama babban bakar rami guda daya tare da ramukan haske a kowane tashoshi da canji. Ban sani ba, watakila ina da karma ko dai na yi tafiya / tuƙi a kan titunan "ba daidai ba", amma ba na son matsar da katin SIM na Beeline zuwa wurin zama na dindindin a cikin mahaifar wayar hannu. Bita na Intanet ta wayar hannu ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow sun kasance masu inganci sosai, amma wannan shine ainihin lamarin lokacin da "yana da kyau a inda ba mu kasance ba."Duk da haka, wata daya da rabi da suka wuce, tabbatacce sake dubawa game da aikin EDGE da 3G a Moscow sun fara bayyana da yawa sau da yawa, ya daina zama kamar sa'a na gida a kowane yanki na birnin. A ƙarshe, a tsakiyar Maris, Beeline ya zama mai karimci tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G na wani yanki na arewacin Moscow, inda ya bugi yankina da "tabo". Wayoyin da ke cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G sun yi rajista sosai ba tare da son rai ba kuma akan windowsill kawai, amma modem cikin fara'a ya ba da rahoton ingantaccen sigina. A wannan lokacin, katin SIM na Beeline ya koma cikin wayar hannu da modem na tsawon mako guda, saboda tsawon lokaci na kusan rashin amfani da sabis na bayanan Beeline, ya kasance mai ban sha'awa sau biyu.

Geography

Mai dai dai, zane-zane. Shirye-shiryen watsa shirye-shiryen rediyo abu ne na sabani, saboda mun sami damar tantancewa fiye da sau ɗaya. Kuma da gaske an gargaɗe mu game da wannan taron a ƙaramin bugu akan taswirori. Kuma tare da ɗaukar hoto na 3G, tsarin ya juya ya zama sharadi biyu. Na riga na rubuta game da wannan kuma na sake gamsuwa: saboda wasu dalilai, a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, inganci har ma da yiwuwar samun sigina mai ƙarfi ya dogara da ƙirar tashar mai biyan kuɗi. Don haka, ga alama a gare ni cewa jayayya game da gaskiyar taswirar ɗaukar hoto na 3G ba ta da fa'ida sosai. Duk da haka, ina son ganin taswirar ɗaukar hoto na Moscow da yankin Moscow, aƙalla don fahimtar halin da ake ciki gaba ɗaya. Bari ba mafi cikakken kuma ba tare da tunani zuwa gidaje / tituna, amma ina so na dogon lokaci. Don waɗanne dalilai suka ƙi nuna taswirar da kansu, ban gane ba, amma lafiya.

HSDPA/HSUPA

Tuni na farko, mafi kyawun sanin yanayin liyafar / watsawa ya bayyana wani abin mamaki mai ban sha'awa a cikin nau'i mai girma na canja wurin bayanai daga tashar tashar. Har yanzu, ban ga adadin watsawa sama da 330 Kbps ba a cikin hanyoyin sadarwar 3G na sauran masu aiki. Babu shakka, an ƙaddamar da hanyar sadarwa ta 3G ta Beeline a cikin yankin Moscow nan da nan a cikin HSPA (High Speed ​​​​Packet Access) sigar tare da goyan bayan ka'idojin canja wurin bayanai masu sauri "ƙasa" (HSDPA - Babban Fakitin Fakitin Sauke) da " sama "(HSUPA - Samun Fakitin Haɗawa Mai Saurin Sauri). Matsakaicin liyafar bayanai har zuwa 14 Mbps ana iya cimma su. da watsawa har zuwa 5.8 Mbps. A mataki na aiwatarwa na yanzu, an yi mana alƙawarin iyakar "saukar" gudun har zuwa 7 Mbps, a aikace, ba shakka, da yawa. Magana daga amsar hukuma: “Gwajiyoyi suna nuna saurin gudu a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G har zuwa 7 Mbps. Gudun ƙarshe akan abubuwan 3G ya dogara da adadin masu amfani, saitunan cibiyar sadarwa da matsakaicin kusan 3 Mbps." Amma game da saurin canja wurin bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwar ("sama"), wannan ya fi wahala. An ƙaddamar da cibiyoyin sadarwar HSPA a ƙasashen waje tare da sigogi daban-daban, amma, yin la'akari da bayanan da aka buga, yawanci a gudun 1.5-2.0 Mbps. cikin Uplink.

A cikin hanyar sadarwar Beeline na yankin Moscow, yana ambaton martanin hukuma na sabis na manema labarai: “. saki na yanzu 3GPP HSPA R6 (HSDPA 14 Mbps, HSUPA 5.76 Mbps) an shigar. Haƙiƙanin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta hanyar wayoyi na gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 3.1 Mbps DL (Downlink) a ƙarƙashin yanayin ƙarancin sassa. A kan hanyar haɗin kai, ainihin saurin mai amfani da aka samu ta wayar gwaji a cikin 3G na kasuwanci ya kai kusan 1.4 Mbps UL (Uplink)."

Da alama, me yasa aka mayar da hankali kan saurin loda bayanai zuwa cibiyar sadarwa? Akwai kyawawan lambobin saurin zazzage bayanai, galibi ana amfani da su a cikin fitowar manema labarai, ana ba da su azaman misalin saurin zamani kuma idan aka kwatanta da sauran hanyoyin sadarwa. An yi imanin cewa saurin loda bayanai ba shi da mahimmanci ga mai amfani. A mafi yawan lokuta, wannan gaskiya ne, musamman dangane da hawan igiyar yanar gizo. Koyaya, lokacin amfani da Intanet ta wayar hannu azaman madadin hanyar shiga yanar gizo, ƙayyadaddun asymmetry na HSDPA-kawai wani lokacin yana da ban haushi sosai. Misali, Allah ya san me (bisa ga mizanin yau) Archive na hoto mai nauyin 150 MB. za a loda zuwa uwar garken na tsawon awa daya da rabi ko biyu. Aika wasiku tare da haɗe-haɗe masu nauyi kuma ya zama wani taron daban, yayin da ya fi kyau zuwa hayaki ko ma abincin dare. Dubi hoton hoton da ke sama, yana nuna kusan jadawalin "abin koyi" don loda fayil ɗin MB 20 zuwa uwar garken. Ba a loda hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, komai yana daidaita daidai kuma tare da ƙarancin gazawa, amma a lokaci guda, matsakaicin matsakaicin canja wuri ba ya kai 240 Kbps. A kan hanyar sadarwa ta HSDPA/HSUPA, tsarin zai ɗauki ƙasa da lokaci sau biyu zuwa sau uku.

Wani "ba ƙaramin abu ba" shine rage jinkiri (latency), sanannen "ping" iri ɗaya. Na taɓa karanta game da rage jinkiri a cikin hanyar sadarwar HSPA a cikin wani ɗaba'ar kuma yanzu ina son yin imani. A kan hanyar sadarwar HSDPA, uwar garken Speedtest yawanci yana yin rijistar ping a cikin kewayon 210-280 ms, akan hanyar sadarwar HSPA - 130-180 ms.

Shin an riga an daina amfani da modem?

Wani yanayi mai ban sha'awa yana tasowa tare da modem na USB, wanda mafi yawansu ba zai iya ɗaukar abin da cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta shirya don ba su. Abin kunya ne, yarda. Kuma sabon abu, saboda. yanayin "daidai akasin" ya fi kowa yawa. Magana daga wasiƙuna tare da Beeline game da wannan:

“A halin yanzu, modem ɗin da kuke siyar suna goyan bayan matsakaicin ƙimar canja wuri (har) har zuwa 384Kbps. Cibiyar sadarwa ta riga ta ba ku damar canja wurin bayanai a cikin sauri fiye da Mbps. Shin modem tare da tallafin HSUPA zasu bayyana akan siyarwa? Yaushe, menene kuma nawa?

Tare da ƙaddamar da 3G, saurin gudu ya ninka sau da yawa. Dangane da wannan, nan gaba kadan za mu gabatar da sabbin samfura na modem na HSDPA masu saurin shigar da sauri zuwa 7.2 Mbps. Ciki har da tallafi don fasahar HSUPA, wanda ke ba ku damar haɓaka saurin fita zuwa 5.7 Mbps."

Tsarin zane

Megabits-megabytes da sauran kyawawan kalmomi suna da ɗan ban sha'awa, amma ko da a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G, watsa bayanai ya kasance sabis na biyu. Babban aikin hanyar sadarwar wayar hannu, kamar yadda kuka sani, shine watsa murya. Kuma idan guntuwar cibiyar sadarwa ta yi yawa, to babu “G” da zai cece mu daga irin wannan jadawalin lodin bayanai. A cikin gaskiya, na lura cewa a cikin hanyar sadarwar 3G irin waɗannan "gags" ba su da yawa, tare da GPRS / EDGE mai raɗaɗi mai raɗaɗi ba za a iya kwatanta su ba. Amma har yanzu kuna buƙatar tunawa da rashin zaman lafiyar "haɓaka" na watsa bayanai a cikin cibiyoyin sadarwar salula, zai iya barin ku da gangan a lokacin da bai dace ba. Kamar yadda suke cewa, "dokar ta'addanci" har yanzu babu wanda ya soke shi.

A kan hanyar sadarwa mai 'yanci, zazzagewar jadawalin guda 20-megabyte chunks sun bambanta sosai, kusan dukkanin bytes suna tafiya da sauri daidai da sigogin da aka ayyana. Ya kamata a la'akari da cewa a zahiri ana watsa wannan jadawali, kuma ba, zuwa wani ɗan lokaci ba, sakamakon gwajin saurin da ya dace.

Irin wannan jadawali (duba sama) ana iya la'akari da shi daidai ga hanyar sadarwar 3G na Beeline yayin lokutan kasuwanci tare da matsakaicin matsakaici (mai yiwuwa) nauyin cibiyar sadarwa. Sabar tana yin nata gyare-gyare, amma a kowane hali, ainihin ƙimar canja wurin bayanai ba shi yiwuwa ya wuce 1 Mbps, komai kyawun yadda 'yan kasuwa ke zana mu.

Fayil iri ɗaya (megabyte 30), wuri ɗaya kuma kusan lokaci ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Da ɗan sauri, amma ba tsattsauran ra'ayi ba. Kuma kuma da nisa daga isa ko da 1 Mbps. Hotunan suna kama da juna kuma mutum zai yi tunanin cewa ba a sauya katin SIM ɗin da ke cikin modem ɗin ba.

Kusan yanayin "hothouse" don zazzage babban fayil daga sabar mai sauri a ranar hutu, cibiyar sadarwar Beeline. Koyaushe zai yi aiki kamar wannan da farashi mara iyaka a farashi mai hankali, daidai? Abin takaici, irin waɗannan mafarkai ba su zama gaskiya ba, albarkatun hanyar sadarwa suna da iyaka. Kuma a farashin kwatankwacin farashin Intanet mai waya, wannan ba zai yi aiki a kowane hali ba. Ba don komai ba ne cewa duk ma'aikata suna da iyakacin farashi mara iyaka ta wata hanya ko wata, suna barin "kamar yadda yake" kawai gajerun anlims na yini.

Cibiyar sadarwa ta Beeline. Aika da karɓar imel masu nauyin 10 MB. a cikin "greenhouse" sosai, lokacin dare. Ba shi da alaƙa da mummunan gaskiyar rayuwa ta yau da kullun, amma yana da ban sha'awa duban halayen hanyar sadarwar 3G a kusan kyawawan yanayi.

Daidai gwajin iri ɗaya a cikin hanyar sadarwar MTS. Wannan lokacin Beeline yana da hankali, kuma ƙarancin watsawa ba tare da HSUPA yana da tasiri mai ƙarfi ba. Amma menene kwanciyar hankali, kawai ido yana murna.

Metro

Na yi tafiya har tsawon mako guda tare da katin SIM na Beeline a cikin wayar salula ta, abubuwan ba su da kyau. A kowane hali, sau da yawa mafi kyau fiye da abin da na gani a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa shekara guda da ta wuce. Amma sai ya kasance mummunan gaske, don haka kada ku fada cikin euphoria. Kamar yadda ka sani, "da dare ya fi duhu, taurari sun fi haske" kuma zai zama dole a kwatanta ba da yadda yake ba, amma da yadda ya kamata. A wannan ma'anar, akwai isasshen rauni a cikin jirgin karkashin kasa, musamman a lokacin kololuwar sa'o'i. Amma game da bayyanar Beeline-3G a ƙarƙashin ƙasa, yana da kyau a faɗi amsar tambayoyin da aka yi "kamar yadda yake":

“A yau, ana shigar da tashoshin tushe na 3G a tashoshin metro Barrikadnaya, Krasnopresnenskaya, Pushkinskaya, Tverskaya, Chekhovskaya, Kitay-Gorod, Lubyanka, Kuznetsky Most. Yanzu suna kan matakin halattawa, nan gaba kadan muna jiran izinin yin kasuwanci. A halin yanzu, ana siyan kayan aiki don gina hanyar sadarwa a ƙarin nodes na metro guda uku. A karshen shekara, muna shirin samar da sadarwar 3G zuwa tashoshin metro 52.

Ba zan iya ba sai in ambaci "tashi a cikin maganin shafawa" mai ban mamaki mai ban mamaki. Bayan shekara guda, iyakar minti 90 akan ci gaba da haɗin kai har yanzu yana raye, kodayake na riga na yi nasarar mantawa da shi. Ma'anar matsalar ita ce, idan babu "daidaitaccen" aiki na awa daya da rabi, haɗin yana raguwa ba tare da tausayi ba bayan daidai minti 90 kuma babu wani ƙoƙari na abokin ciniki na ICQ da zai iya ceton ku daga wannan annoba, dole ne ku sake haɗawa. Ta hanyar "daidai" aiki, idan ban yi kuskure ba, Beeline ta fahimci shirye-shiryen cinye aƙalla kilobytes 450 na zirga-zirga a wannan lokacin. A wannan yanayin, komai zai yi kyau kuma babu wanda zai shiga haɗin jinin ku. A gefe guda, bai haifar da tashin hankali a gare ni da kaina ba, tun lokacin da abokin ciniki na ICQ ya haɗa da sauri kuma ba tare da matsala ba yayin wannan makon gwaji na sharadi. Wataƙila na sami sa'a, amma gaskiyar ta kasance.